|SAME AS||SAME AS S07631-B|
|COSPNSR||Carroll, D'Urso, Colton, Woerner, Gottfried, Seawright, Rivera, Thiele, Blake, Rosenthal L, Johns, Skoufis, Barron, Murray, Brabenec, Pellegrino, Schimminger, McDonough, Smith, Lavine, Simon|
|Add §4138-e, amd §§4138, 4138-d & 4104, Pub Health L; amd §114, Dom Rel L|
|Establishes the right of adoptees to receive a certified copy of their birth certificate upon reaching the age of 18; such birth certificate shall include information on the medical history of the birth parents.|
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STATE OF NEW YORK ________________________________________________________________________ 9959--B IN ASSEMBLY March 1, 2018 ___________ Introduced by M. of A. WEPRIN, CARROLL, D'URSO, COLTON, WOERNER, GOTT- FRIED, SEAWRIGHT, RIVERA, THIELE, BLAKE, L. ROSENTHAL, JOHNS, SKOUFIS, BARRON, MURRAY, BRABENEC, PELLEGRINO, SCHIMMINGER, McDONOUGH -- Multi-Sponsored by -- M. of A. BUTLER, COOK -- read once and referred to the Committee on Health -- committee discharged, bill amended, ordered reprinted as amended and recommitted to said committee -- recommitted to the Committee on Health in accordance with Assembly Rule 3, sec. 2 -- committee discharged, bill amended, ordered reprinted as amended and recommitted to said committee AN ACT to amend the public health law and the domestic relations law, in relation to authorizing adoptees to obtain a certified copy of their birth certificate The People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and Assem- bly, do enact as follows: 1 Section 1. The public health law is amended by adding a new section 2 4138-e to read as follows: 3 § 4138-e. Adoptee's right to a certified copy of his or her birth 4 certificate. 1. The legislature hereby states its intention to acknowl- 5 edge, support and encourage the life-long health and well-being needs of 6 persons who have been and will be adopted in this state. The legislature 7 further recognizes that the denial of access to accurate and complete 8 medical and self-identifying data of any adopted person, known and 9 wilfully withheld by others, may result in such person succumbing to 10 preventable disease, premature death or otherwise unhealthy life, is a 11 violation of that person's human rights and is contrary to the tenets of 12 governance. As such, the provisions of this section seek to establish 13 considerations under the law for adopted persons equal to such consider- 14 ations permitted by law to all non-adopted persons; this section does so 15 while providing for the privacy of an adopted person and his or her 16 birth. 17 2. (a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the commissioner or 18 a local registrar or any person authorized by the commissioner or a 19 local registrar, upon application, proof of identity and payment of a 20 nominal fee, shall issue certified copies of original long form line by EXPLANATION--Matter in italics (underscored) is new; matter in brackets [ ] is old law to be omitted. LBD14534-07-8A. 9959--B 2 1 line, vault copy birth certificates and any change attached to that 2 certificate by a birth parent or parents, and, if available, medical 3 history forms upon specific request therefor (i) by an adopted person, 4 if eighteen years of age or more, or (ii) if the adopted person is 5 deceased, the adopted person's direct line descendants, or (iii) the 6 lawful representatives of such adopted person, or lawful representatives 7 of such deceased adopted person's direct line descendants, as the case 8 may be. 9 (b) When it shall be impossible through good-faith efforts to provide 10 a copy of an adult adopted person's original birth certificate (as in 11 the case of an adopted person born outside of, but adopted within, the 12 state), the true and correct identifying information that would have 13 appeared on such original birth certificate shall be provided by a court 14 of competent jurisdiction or the adoption agency, upon specific request 15 therefor, to: (i) the adult adopted person, if eighteen years of age or 16 more, or (ii) if the adopted person is deceased, the adopted person's 17 direct line descendants, or (iii) lawful representatives of such adopted 18 person, or lawful representatives of such deceased adopted person's 19 direct line descendants, as the case may be. In such case the agency 20 shall be held harmless from any liability arising out of the disclosure. 21 (c) For purposes of this subdivision: 22 (i) The term "commissioner" shall include the commissioner of health 23 and mental hygiene of the city of New York and for records of birth 24 prior to January first, nineteen hundred fourteen, the local registrars 25 of the cities of Albany, Buffalo and Yonkers; and 26 (ii) The term "department" shall include the department of health and 27 mental hygiene of the city of New York and, for records of birth prior 28 to January first, nineteen hundred fourteen, the office of vital statis- 29 tics of the city of Albany, the office of vital records of the city of 30 Buffalo and the office of clerk of the city of Yonkers. 31 § 2. Subdivision 4 of section 4138 of the public health law, as 32 amended by chapter 559 of the laws of 1992, is amended to read as 33 follows: 34 4. The commissioner may make a microfilm or other suitable copy of the 35 original certificate of birth and all papers pertaining to the new 36 certificate of birth. In such event, the original certificate and papers 37 may be destroyed. All undestroyed certificates and papers and copies 38 thereof shall be confidential and the contents thereof shall not be 39 released or otherwise divulged except by order of a court of competent 40 jurisdiction or pursuant to section forty-one hundred thirty-eight-c 41 [ or], forty-one hundred thirty-eight-d or forty-one hundred thirty- 42 eight-e of this [ article] title. 43 § 3. Subdivision 5 of section 4138 of the public health law, as 44 amended by chapter 201 of the laws of 1972, is amended to read as 45 follows: 46 5. Thereafter, when a certified copy or certified transcript of the 47 certificate of birth of such a person, or a certification of birth for 48 such person is issued, it shall be based upon the new certificate of 49 birth, except when an order of a court of competent jurisdiction shall 50 require the issuance of a copy of the original certificate of birth or 51 upon application by an adopted person eighteen years of age or more once 52 proper proof of identity is provided to the registrar. 53 § 4. Paragraph (b) of subdivision 3 of section 4138 of the public 54 health law, as added by chapter 201 of the laws of 1972, is amended to 55 read as follows:A. 9959--B 3 1 (b) Thereafter, when a verified transcript or certification of birth 2 of such person is issued by the registrar, it shall be based upon the 3 new certificate, except when an order of a court of competent jurisdic- 4 tion shall require the issuance of a verified transcript or certif- 5 ication based upon the original local record of birth or upon applica- 6 tion by an adopted person eighteen years of age or more once proper 7 proof of identity is provided to the registrar. 8 § 5. Subdivision 7 of section 4138 of the public health law, as 9 amended by chapter 644 of the laws of 1988, is amended to read as 10 follows: 11 7. Whenever the commissioner makes a new birth certificate for any 12 person pursuant to the provisions of subdivision one of this section, he 13 or she shall forward to (i) such person, if eighteen years of age or 14 more, [ or to the parents of such person,] or (ii) if the adoptee is 15 deceased, the adoptee's direct line descendants, or (iii) lawful repre- 16 sentatives of such adoptee, or lawful representatives of such deceased 17 adoptee's direct line descendants, as the case may be, a certified copy, 18 a certified transcript [ or] and a certification of birth, [ whichever he19 deems appropriate under the circumstances,] without making any charge 20 therefor. 21 § 6. Section 4138 of the public health law is amended by adding a new 22 subdivision 8 to read as follows: 23 8. An adopted person eighteen years of age or older, or the birth 24 parent or parents, may submit to the registrar a notice of change of 25 name and/or address and such information shall be attached to the 26 original birth certificate of the adopted person. 27 § 7. Paragraph (b) of subdivision 3 of section 4138-d of the public 28 health law, as amended by chapter 181 of the laws of 2010, is amended to 29 read as follows: 30 (b) If the agency determines that the agency was involved in such 31 adoption, it shall transmit the registration to the adoption information 32 registry operated by the department and the agency shall release the 33 non-identifying information, as defined in section forty-one hundred 34 thirty-eight-c of this title, to the [ adoptee registrant. The agency may35 restrict the nature of the non-identifying information released pursuant36 to this section upon a reasonable determination that disclosure of such37 non-identifying information would not be in the adoptee's, the biolog-38 ical sibling's or parent's best interest] adopted person. 39 § 8. Section 4104 of the public health law, as amended by chapter 153 40 of the laws of 2011, is amended to read as follows: 41 § 4104. Vital statistics; application of article. The provisions of 42 this article except for the provisions contained in paragraph (i) of 43 subdivision two and subdivision four of section four thousand one 44 hundred, section four thousand one hundred three, subdivision two of 45 section four thousand one hundred thirty-five, section four thousand one 46 hundred thirty-five-b, subdivision eight of section four thousand one 47 hundred seventy-four, paragraphs (b) and (e) of subdivision one, para- 48 graph (b) of subdivision three, and subdivisions five, seven and eight 49 of section four thousand one hundred thirty-eight, subdivision eleven of 50 section four thousand one hundred thirty-eight-c, paragraph (b) of 51 subdivision three of section four thousand one hundred thirty-eight-d, 52 section four thousand one hundred thirty-eight-e and section four thou- 53 sand one hundred seventy-nine of this article, shall not apply to the 54 city of New York.A. 9959--B 4 1 § 9. Subdivision 1 of section 114 of the domestic relations law, as 2 amended by chapter 751 of the laws of 1989 and designated by chapter 601 3 of the laws of 1994, is amended to read as follows: 4 1. If satisfied that the best interests of the adoptive child will be 5 promoted thereby, the judge or surrogate shall make an order approving 6 the adoption and directing that the adoptive child shall thenceforth be 7 regarded and treated in all respects as the child of the adoptive 8 parents or parent. In determining whether the best interests of the 9 adoptive child will be promoted by the adoption, the judge or surrogate 10 shall give due consideration to any assurance by a local commissioner of 11 social services that he or she will provide necessary support and main- 12 tenance for the adoptive child pursuant to the social services law. Such 13 order shall contain the full name, date and place of birth and reference 14 to the schedule annexed to the petition containing the medical history 15 of the child in the body thereof and shall direct that the child's 16 medical history, heritage of the birth parents, which shall include 17 nationality, ethnic background and race; education, which shall be the 18 number of years of school completed by the birth parents at the time of 19 the birth and also at the time of surrender of the adoptive child; 20 general physical appearance of the birth parents at the time of the 21 birth and also at the time of surrender of the adoptive child, which 22 shall include height, weight, color of hair, eyes, skin; occupation of 23 the birth parents at the time of the birth and also at the time of 24 surrender of the adoptive child; health and medical history of the birth 25 parents at the time of the birth and also at the time of surrender of 26 the adoptive child, including all available information setting forth 27 conditions or diseases believed to be hereditary, any drugs or medica- 28 tion taken during the pregnancy by the child's mother; and any other 29 information which may be a factor influencing the child's present or 30 future health, including the talents, hobbies and special interests of 31 the birth parents as contained in the petition, be furnished to the 32 adoptive parents. If the judge or surrogate is also satisfied that 33 there is no reasonable objection to the change of name proposed, the 34 order shall direct that the name of the adoptive child be changed to the 35 name stated in the agreement of adoption and that henceforth he or she 36 shall be known by that name. All such orders made by a family court 37 judge of Westchester county since September first, nineteen hundred 38 sixty-two, and on file in the office of the county clerk of such county 39 shall be transferred to the clerk of the family court of such county. 40 Such order and all the papers in the proceeding shall be filed in the 41 office of the court granting the adoption and the order shall be entered 42 in books which shall be kept under seal and which shall be indexed by 43 the name of the adoptive parents and by the full original name of the 44 child. Such order, including orders heretofore entered, shall be subject 45 to inspection and examination only as hereinafter provided. Notwith- 46 standing the fact that adoption records shall be sealed and secret, they 47 may be microfilmed and processed pursuant to an order of the court, 48 provided that such order provides that the confidentiality of such 49 records be maintained. If the confidentiality is violated, the person or 50 company violating it can be found guilty of contempt of court. The fact 51 that the adoptive child was born out of wedlock shall in no case appear 52 in such order. The written report of the investigation together with all 53 other papers pertaining to the adoption shall be kept by the judge or 54 surrogate as a permanent record of his or her court and such papers must 55 be sealed by him or her and withheld from inspection. No certified copy 56 of the order of adoption shall issue unless authorized by court order,A. 9959--B 5 1 except that certified copies may issue to the agency or agencies in the 2 proceeding prior to the sealing of the papers. Before the record is 3 sealed, such order may be granted upon written ex parte application on 4 good cause shown and upon such conditions as the court may impose. After 5 the record is sealed, such order may be granted only upon notice as 6 hereinafter provided for disclosure or access and inspection of records. 7 The clerk upon request of a person or agency entitled thereto shall 8 issue certificates of adoption which shall contain only the new name of 9 the child and the date and place of birth of the child, the name of the 10 adoptive parents and the date when and court where the adoption was 11 granted, which certificate as to the facts recited therein shall have 12 the same force and effect as a certified copy of an order of adoption. 13 § 10. This act shall take effect January 15, 2019, provided, however, 14 that, effective immediately, the commissioner of health is directed to 15 promulgate such rules and regulations as may be necessary to carry out 16 the provisions of this act.