|SAME AS||SAME AS UNI. S01102|
|COSPNSR||Heastie, Cusick, Blake, Simon, Paulin, Dinowitz, Rosenthal L, Lifton, Fahy, Lupardo, Abinanti, Rozic, Galef, Cook, Ramos, Cymbrowitz, Jaffee, Carroll, Taylor, Ortiz, Walker, Peoples-Stokes, Colton, De La Rosa, Wright, Barron, Gottfried, Otis, Englebright, Mosley, Glick, Burke, Cruz, Epstein, Fall, Frontus, Griffin, Jacobson, McMahon, Darling, Reyes, Romeo, Thiele, Weinstein, Bronson, DenDekker, Zebrowski, Gantt, Rosenthal D, Stern, Crespo, Seawright, Rodriguez, D'Urso, Hunter, Simotas, Perry, Vanel, Bichotte, Weprin, Kim|
|MLTSPNSR||Buchwald, Lentol, Nolan|
|Amd §§3-400, 4-117, 8-100, 8-102, 8-104, 8-302, 8-508 & 9-209, add Art 8 Title 6 §§8-600 - 8-602, El L|
|Relates to early voting; provides that beginning the tenth day prior to any election and ending on and including the second day prior to the election a person duly registered and eligible to vote shall be permitted to vote.|
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NEW YORK STATE ASSEMBLY
MEMORANDUM IN SUPPORT OF LEGISLATION
submitted in accordance with Assembly Rule III, Sec 1(f)
BILL NUMBER: A780 SPONSOR: Lavine (MS)
TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the election law, in relation to early voting   SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS: Section one of the bill amends Section 3-400 of the election law by adding a new subdivision 9 to clarify the manner in which election inspectors and poll clerks are to be appointed for polling places for early voting, and setting a standard for wait times for early voting not to exceed thirty minutes. Section two of the bill amends section 4-117 of the election law by adding a new subdivision 1-a to require the board of elections to notify voters annually of the days, hours, and locations of polling places for early voting. The board of elections may satisfy this requirement by providing instructions in the notice regarding how to get the informa- tion via the internet or by phone. Section three of the bill amends subdivisions 1 and 2 of section 8-100 of the election law to change the NYC run-off to four weeks following the primary instead of 2 weeks, and states that early voting hours shall be as set forth in section 8-600. Section four of the bill amends subdivision 1 of section 8-102 of the election law by adding a new paragraph (k) to apply the provisions of article 8 of the election law to early voting, except for certain provisions related to tabulation and proclamation of results. Section five of the bill amends section 8-104 of the election law by adding a new subdivision 7 to note that section 8-104 applies on early voting days. Section six of this bill amends subdivisions 3 and 3a of section 8-302 of the election law to allow voters to cast an affidavit ballot if the poll records mistakenly indicate they had previously cast a ballot. Section seven of the bill amends paragraph (b) of subdivision 2 of section 8-508 of the election law to provide that challenges of voters on early voting days should be included on the same type of report that records challenges on election day. Section eight of the bill amends article 8 of the election law by adding a new title 6, with new sections 8-600 and 8-602, setting out the proc- ess for early-voting. Subdivision one of section 8-600 of the new title specifies that early voting begins on the tenth day prior to any general, primary, run-off primary or special election and ends on and includes the second day prior (i.e., on the Sunday before a Tuesday election day). The subdivi- sion also requires boards of elections to establish procedures to ensure that persons who vote during the early voting period aren't permitted to vote subsequently in the same election. Subdivision two of section 8-600 of the new title specifies in para- graphs (a), (b), and (c) the number of required polling places for early voting. The required number depends on the number of registered voters in each county, with one polling place for each full increment of 50,000 registered voters, but no fewer than one and no more than seven sites required in each county. Counties would be able to add more sites at their discretion or, in certain circumstances, reduce the number below that otherwise required. Paragraph (d) of the subdivision requires locations to be chosen to give all eligible voters adequate, equitable access to early voting, to the extent practicable, and specifies certain factors to be considered in location decisions. Paragraph (d) also applies the provisions of section 4-104 of the election law to the designation of polling places for early voting; these, are the existing requirements for siting polling places for election day voting. Subdivision three of section 8-600 of the new title requires that all voters should generally be able to vote at any polling place for early voting in their county, but allows for an exception if this would be impractical. Subdivision four of section 8-600 of the new title sets requirements for hours early voting must be available in each county, with substantial flexibility for the counties. Polls would be open for early voting for at least 8 hours between 7:00 a.m. and 8:00 p.m. on weekdays, provided that one site at which all eligible voters may vote shall remain open until at least 8:00 p.m. on two weekdays in each calendar week of the early voting period, and for at least 5 hours between 9:00 a.m. and 6:00 p.m. on Saturdays, Sundays, and legal holidays. Counties would have the option of providing additional hours as well. They would be required to designate the standard hours of operation for early voting by May 1st each year; this is the day boards of elections must designate polling places for the coming year under existing law. Subdivision five of section 8-600 of the new title requires each board of elections to create a communication plan to inform eligible voters of the opportunity to vote early. Subdivision six of section 8-600 of the new title applies existing requirements for paper ballots to those to be used for early voting. Subdivision seven of section 8-600 of the new title applies existing requirements related to voter challenges to early voting. Subdivisions eight, nine, ten, and eleven of section 8-600 of the new title set out provisions for handling ballots and scanners at the end of each day of early voting and after the polls close on election day. Generally, the new subdivisions apply the same process for canvassing, tabulating, and announcing results that already apply on election day, with some minor adjustments to reflect that fact that early voting occurs over multiple days. No results for early voting would be tabu- lated before the polls close on election day. Section 8-602 of the new title sets forth certain powers and duties of the state board of elections to make rules regarding early voting. Section nine of this bill amends section 9-209 of the election law to update the procedures for canvassing of affidavit ballots of voters who claim to have been incorrectly identified as having previously voted. Section ten of the bill sets forth the effective date.   JUSTIFICATION: Given the vital role that voting plays in a participatory democracy, New York should ensure that our elections are run in ways that meet contem- porary standards for accessibility, equity, and efficiency. Providing eligible voters the opportunity to vote in person during a designated period before election day would be a major step towards achieving this goal. Early voting would make it less burdensome for New Yorkers to access the polls and exercise their civic obligation to vote. Early voting would reduce inequity, because some voters have greater difficulty than others arranging to vote on a single designated day. And early voting would improve the efficiency of elections from the perspective of election administrators, as well as voters, by spreading the work of managing elections over a longer period of time, alleviating some of the problems that are created by the current system of having all in-person voting take place in a single day, such as long lines at the polls and exhausted poll workers. Establishing an 9-day early voting period running until the Sunday before election day would give busy New Yorkers, who often must juggle many personal, family, and work obligations, more flexibility in finding a time to vote. Those who are unable to vote on election day should not be excluded from participating in the democratic process merely because they are unavailable on a single day. Of particular importance in establishing an early voting period is the addition of weekend hours for in-person voting. Due to their own work schedules or those of partners with whom they share responsibilities as caregivers, many people have time to vote on the weekend that they do not have on weekdays. In order to ensure that early voting is instituted in a practical, effi- cient, and cost effective manner, this bill takes into account the wide variation in characteristics of different counties throughout the state, by providing county boards of elections with flexibility to establish locations and hours for early voting that are tailored to the unique circumstances of their respective counties. This flexibility is balanced by minimum standards that would ensure that all voters have a meaningful opportunity to vote early. The most significant way the bill allows for variations among counties relates to the number of polling places each county would be required to provide for early voting. New York's least populous county has fewer than 5,000 residents whereas its most populous has more than 2.5 million. To account for this wide variation, the minimum number of poll- ing places for early voting required in each county would be based on a tiered system, with one site per 50,000 registered voters, up to a maxi- mum of 7 required sites. The mandated number for each county would represent a minimum requirement; county boards of elections would be permitted to establish additional polling places at their discretion. The bill also contains several additional guidelines for the establish- ment of polling places for early voting to enhance the "effectiveness of early voting and ensure that localities have the discretion to implement it efficiently. First, to the extent practicable, county boards of elections would be required to designate polling places in locations that maximize accessi- bility for eligible voters. The bill incorporates various guidelines that already apply to siting of election day polling places. Second, while the general rule established in the bill is that every eligible voter would be permitted to vote at any polling place in the county where he or she is registered, the bill recognizes that this may not always be practical because of the number of distinct ballot types that might be required at each polling place, and other factors. There- fore, the board of elections in each county would have the discretion to choose to make certain polling places serve only a portion of the coun- ty, provided that every voter has at least one polling place to vote early. Another way the bill allows for variations among counties relates to the hours for early voting. The bill establishes guidelines for the minimum number of hours that polling places for early voting would be required to be open, ensuring that all voters would have meaningful opportunities to avail, themselves of the option to vote early. On the other hand, county boards of elections would have the discretion to set the specific hours for each polling place, to reflect the distinct needs and prefer- ences of New Yorkers in different parts of the state. These provisions would require that all early voting sites are open for at least eight hours on weekdays, including two days a week with evening hours, and for at least five hours on weekends and holidays. The requirement of evening hours two days a week overlaps somewhat with the existing requirement in election law section 3214 requiring that board of elections offices maintain extended hours on two weekdays in the two weeks prior to any general election. Thirty-seven states and the District of Columbia have already instituted in-person early voting in one form or another. For all the foregoing reason, New York should do the same, and support the right of all New Yorkers to meet their civic obligations and participate in our democracy in a reasonable, accessible manner.   FISCAL IMPACT ON THE STATE: To be determined.   FISCAL IMPACT ON LOCALITIES: There will be some costs associated with early voting related to staff- ing polling places, providing outreach materials to educate the public about the new procedures, and other aspects of administering the system.   LEGISLATIVE HISTORY: 2018: A09608-B(Lavine)-Passed Assembly 2017: A02064(Kavanagh)-Passed Assembly 2016: A085823(Kavanagh)- Passed Assembly 2015: A08582(Kavanagh)-Elections   EFFECTIVE DATE: This act shall take effect immediately; provided, however that early voting pursuant to the provisions of this act shall first apply to the general election held in November 2019, and to any general, primary, run-off primary or special election held thereafter as provided for in the election law.
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STATE OF NEW YORK ________________________________________________________________________ S. 1102 A. 780 2019-2020 Regular Sessions SENATE - ASSEMBLY January 10, 2019 ___________ IN SENATE -- Introduced by Sens. MYRIE, ADDABBO, BAILEY, BENJAMIN, BIAG- GI, BRESLIN, BROOKS, CARLUCCI, COMRIE, GAUGHRAN, GIANARIS, GOUNARDES, HARCKHAM, HOYLMAN, JACKSON, KAMINSKY, KAPLAN, KAVANAGH, KENNEDY, KRUEGER, LIU, MARTINEZ, MAY, MAYER, METZGER, MONTGOMERY, PARKER, PERSAUD, RAMOS, RIVERA, SALAZAR, SANDERS, SAVINO, SEPULVEDA, SERRANO, SKOUFIS, STAVISKY, STEWART-COUSINS, THOMAS -- read twice and ordered printed, and when printed to be committed to the Committee on Elections IN ASSEMBLY -- Introduced by M. of A. LAVINE, HEASTIE, CUSICK, BLAKE, SIMON, PAULIN, DINOWITZ, L. ROSENTHAL, LIFTON, FAHY, LUPARDO, ABINAN- TI, ROZIC, GALEF, COOK, RAMOS, CYMBROWITZ, JAFFEE, CARROLL, TAYLOR, ORTIZ, WALKER, PEOPLES-STOKES, COLTON, DE LA ROSA, WRIGHT, BARRON, GOTTFRIED, OTIS, ENGLEBRIGHT, MOSLEY, GLICK, BURKE, CRUZ, EPSTEIN, FALL, FRONTUS, GRIFFIN, JACOBSON, McMAHON, RAYNOR, REYES, ROMEO, THIELE, WEINSTEIN -- Multi-Sponsored by -- M. of A. BUCHWALD, LENTOL -- read once and referred to the Committee on Election Law AN ACT to amend the election law, in relation to early voting The People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and Assem- bly, do enact as follows: 1 Section 1. Section 3-400 of the election law is amended by adding a 2 new subdivision 9 to read as follows: 3 9. Notwithstanding any inconsistent provisions of this article, 4 election inspectors or poll clerks, if any, at polling places for early 5 voting, shall consist of either board of elections employees who shall 6 be appointed by the commissioners of such board or duly qualified indi- 7 viduals, appointed in the manner set forth in this section. Appointments 8 to the offices of election inspector or poll clerk in each polling place 9 for early voting shall be equally divided between the major political 10 parties. The board of elections shall assign staff and provide resources EXPLANATION--Matter in italics (underscored) is new; matter in brackets [ ] is old law to be omitted. LBD04589-04-9S. 1102 2 A. 780 1 to ensure a voter's wait time to vote at an early voting site shall not 2 exceed thirty minutes. 3 § 2. Section 4-117 of the election law is amended by adding a new 4 subdivision 1-a to read as follows: 5 1-a. The notice required by subdivision one of this section shall 6 include the dates, hours and locations of early voting for the general 7 and primary election. The board of elections may alternatively satisfy 8 the notice requirement of this subdivision by providing in the notice 9 instructions to obtain the required early voting information by means of 10 a website and phone number of the board of elections. 11 § 3. Paragraph (b) of subdivision 1 and subdivision 2 of section 8-100 12 of the election law, paragraph (b) of subdivision 1 as added by chapter 13 373 of the laws of 1978 and subdivision 2 as amended by chapter 367 of 14 the laws of 2017, are amended to read as follows: 15 (b) In the event a run-off primary election is required in the city of 16 New York, it shall be held on the [ second] fourth Tuesday next succeed- 17 ing the date on which the initial primary election was held. 18 2. Polls shall be open for voting during the following hours: a prima- 19 ry election from twelve o'clock noon until nine o'clock in the evening, 20 except in the city of New York and the counties of Nassau, Suffolk, 21 Westchester, Rockland, Orange, Putnam, Dutchess and Erie, and in such 22 city or county from six o'clock in the morning until nine o'clock in the 23 evening; the general election from six o'clock in the morning until nine 24 o'clock in the evening; a special election called by the governor pursu- 25 ant to the public officers law, and, except as otherwise provided by 26 law, every other election, from six o'clock in the morning until nine 27 o'clock in the evening. Early voting times shall be as provided in 28 section 8-600 of this article. 29 § 4. Subdivision 1 of section 8-102 of the election law is amended by 30 adding a new paragraph (k) to read as follows: 31 (k) Voting at each polling place for early voting shall be conducted 32 in a manner consistent with the provisions of this article, with the 33 exception of the tabulation and proclamation of election results which 34 shall be completed according to subdivisions eight and nine of section 35 8-600 of this article. 36 § 5. Section 8-104 of the election law is amended by adding a new 37 subdivision 7 to read as follows: 38 7. This section shall apply on all early voting days as provided for 39 in section 8-600 of this article. 40 § 6. Subparagraph (ii) of paragraph (e) of subdivision 3 and subdivi- 41 sion 3-a of section 8-302 of the election law, subparagraph (ii) of 42 paragraph (e) of subdivision 3 as amended by chapter 164 of the laws of 43 2010 and subdivision 3-a as amended by chapter 511 of the laws of 1985, 44 are amended to read as follows: 45 (ii) He or she may swear to and subscribe an affidavit stating that he 46 or she has duly registered to vote, the address in such election 47 district from which he or she registered, that he or she remains a duly 48 qualified voter in such election district, that his or her registration 49 poll record appears to be lost or misplaced or that his or her name 50 and/or his or her signature was omitted from the computer generated 51 registration list or such record indicates the voter already voted when 52 he or she did not do so or that he or she has moved within the county or 53 city since he or she last registered, the address from which he or she 54 was previously registered and the address at which he or she currently 55 resides, and at a primary election, the party in which he or she is 56 enrolled. The inspectors of election shall offer such an affidavit toS. 1102 3 A. 780 1 each such voter whose residence address is in such election district. 2 Each such affidavit shall be in a form prescribed by the state board of 3 elections, shall be printed on an envelope of the size and quality used 4 for an absentee ballot envelope, and shall contain an acknowledgment 5 that the affiant understands that any false statement made therein is 6 perjury punishable according to law. Such form prescribed by the state 7 board of elections shall request information required to register such 8 voter should the county board determine that such voter is not regis- 9 tered and shall constitute an application to register to vote. The 10 voter's name and the entries required shall then be entered without 11 delay and without further inquiry in the fourth section of the challenge 12 report or in the place provided at the end of the computer generated 13 registration list, with the notation that the voter has executed the 14 affidavit hereinabove prescribed, or, if such person's name appears on 15 the computer generated registration list, the board of elections may 16 provide a place to make such entry next to his or her name on such list. 17 The voter shall then, without further inquiry, be permitted to vote an 18 affidavit ballot provided for by this chapter. Such ballot shall there- 19 upon be placed in the envelope containing his or her affidavit, and the 20 envelope sealed and returned to the board of elections in the manner 21 provided by this chapter for protested official ballots, including a 22 statement of the number of such ballots. 23 3-a. The inspectors shall also give to every person whose address is 24 in such election district for whom no registration poll record can be 25 found and, in a primary election, to every voter whose registration poll 26 record does not show him to be enrolled in the party in which he wishes 27 to be enrolled or who claims to be incorrectly identified as having 28 already voted, a copy of a notice, in a form prescribed by the state 29 board of elections, advising such person of his right to, and of the 30 procedures by which he may, cast an affidavit ballot or seek a court 31 order permitting him to vote, and shall also give every such person who 32 does not cast an affidavit ballot, an application for registration by 33 mail. 34 § 7. Paragraph (b) of subdivision 2 of section 8-508 of the election 35 law, as amended by chapter 200 of the laws of 1996, is amended to read 36 as follows: 37 (b) The second section of such report shall be reserved for the board 38 of inspectors to enter the name, address and registration serial number 39 of each person who is challenged [ on the day of election] at the time of 40 voting together with the reason for the challenge. If no voters are 41 challenged, the board of inspectors shall enter the words "No Chal- 42 lenges" across the space reserved for such names. In lieu of preparing 43 section two of the challenge report, the board of elections may provide, 44 next to the name of each voter on the computer generated registration 45 list, a place for the inspectors of election to record the information 46 required to be entered in such section two, or provide at the end of 47 such computer generated registration list, a place for the inspectors of 48 election to enter such information. 49 § 8. Article 8 of the election law is amended by adding a new title 6 50 to read as follows: 51 TITLE VI 52 EARLY VOTING 53 Section 8-600. Early voting. 54 8-602. State board of elections; powers and duties for early 55 voting.S. 1102 4 A. 780 1 § 8-600. Early voting. 1. Beginning the tenth day prior to any gener- 2 al, primary, run-off primary pursuant to subdivision one of section 3 6-162 of this chapter or special election for any public or party posi- 4 tion except for such an election held pursuant to title two of article 5 six or article fifteen of this chapter, and ending on and including the 6 second day prior to such general, primary, run-off primary or special 7 election for such public office or party position, persons duly regis- 8 tered and eligible to vote at such election shall be permitted to vote 9 as provided in this title. The board of elections shall establish 10 procedures, subject to approval of the state board of elections, to 11 ensure that persons who vote during the early voting period shall not be 12 permitted to vote subsequently in the same election. 13 2. (a) The board of elections shall designate polling places for early 14 voting, which may include the offices of the board of elections, for 15 persons to vote early pursuant to this title. There shall be so desig- 16 nated at least one early voting polling place for every full increment 17 of fifty thousand registered voters in each county; provided, however, 18 the number of early voting polling places in a county shall not be 19 required to be greater than seven, and a county with fewer than fifty 20 thousand voters shall have at least one early voting polling place. 21 (b) The board of elections of each county or the city of New York may 22 establish additional polling places for early voting in excess of the 23 minimum number required by this subdivision for the convenience of 24 eligible voters. 25 (c) Notwithstanding the minimum number of early voting poll sites 26 otherwise required by this subdivision, for any primary or special 27 election, upon majority vote of the board of elections, the number of 28 early voting sites may be reduced when the board of elections determines 29 a lesser number of sites is sufficient to meet the needs of early 30 voters. 31 (d) Polling places for early voting shall be located so that voters in 32 the county have adequate and equitable access, taking into consideration 33 population density, travel time to the polling place, proximity to other 34 early voting poll sites , public transportation routes, commuter traffic 35 patterns and such other factors the board of elections deems appropri- 36 ate. The provisions of section 4-104 of this chapter, except subdivi- 37 sions four and five of such section, shall apply to the designation of 38 polling places for early voting except to the extent such provisions are 39 inconsistent with this section. 40 3. Any voter may vote at any polling place for early voting estab- 41 lished pursuant to subdivision two of this section in the county where 42 such voter is registered to vote; provided, however, if it is impracti- 43 cal to provide each polling place for early voting all of the election 44 district ballots or if early voting at any such polling place makes 45 ensuring that no voter has not previously voted early during such 46 election, the board of elections may assign election districts to a 47 particular early voting poll site. All voters in each county shall have 48 one or more polling places at which they are eligible to vote throughout 49 the early voting period on a substantially equal basis. If the board of 50 elections does not agree by majority vote to plan to assign election 51 districts to early voting poll sites, all voters in the county must be 52 able to vote at any poll site for early voting in the county. 53 4. (a) Polls shall be open for early voting for at least eight hours 54 between seven o'clock in the morning and eight o'clock in the evening 55 each week day during the early voting period.S. 1102 5 A. 780 1 (b) At least one polling place for early voting shall remain open 2 until eight o'clock in the evening on at least two week days in each 3 calendar week during the early voting period. If polling places for 4 early voting are limited to voters from certain areas pursuant to subdi- 5 vision three of this section, polling places that remain open until 6 eight o'clock shall be designated such that any person entitled to vote 7 early may vote until eight o'clock in the evening on at least two week 8 days during the early voting period. 9 (c) Polls shall be open for early voting for at least five hours 10 between nine o'clock in the morning and six o'clock in the evening on 11 each Saturday, Sunday and legal holiday during the early voting period. 12 (d) Nothing in this section shall be construed to prohibit any board 13 of elections from establishing a greater number of hours for voting 14 during the early voting period beyond the number of hours required in 15 this subdivision. 16 (e) Early voting polling places and their hours of operation for early 17 voting at a general election shall be designated by May first of each 18 year pursuant to subdivision one of section 4-104 of this chapter. 19 Notwithstanding the provisions of subdivision one of section 4-104 of 20 this chapter early voting polling places and their hours of operation 21 for early voting for: (i) a primary or special election shall be made 22 not later than forty-five days before such primary or special election; 23 and (ii) a run-off primary pursuant to subdivision one of section 6-162 24 of this chapter shall be made as soon as practicable. 25 5. Each board of elections shall create a communication plan to inform 26 eligible voters of the opportunity to vote early. Such plan may utilize 27 any and all media outlets, including social media, and shall publicize: 28 the location and dates and hours of operation of all polling places for 29 early voting; an indication of whether each polling place is accessible 30 to voters with physical disabilities; a clear and unambiguous notice to 31 voters that if they cast a ballot during the early voting period they 32 will not be allowed to vote election day; and if polling places for 33 early voting are limited to voters from certain areas pursuant to subdi- 34 vision three of this section, the location of the polling places for 35 early voting serving the voters of each particular city, town or other 36 political subdivision. 37 6. The form of paper ballots used in early voting shall comply with 38 the provisions of article seven of this chapter that are applicable to 39 voting by paper ballot on election day and such ballot shall be cast in 40 the same manner as provided for in section 8-312 of this article, 41 provided, however, that ballots cast during the early voting period 42 shall be secured in the manner of voted ballots cast on election day and 43 such ballots shall not be canvassed or examined until after the close of 44 the polls on election day, and no unofficial tabulations of election 45 results shall be printed or viewed in any manner until after the close 46 of polls on election day. 47 7. Voters casting ballots pursuant to this title shall be subject to 48 challenge as provided in sections 8-500, 8-502 and 8-504 of this arti- 49 cle. 50 8. Notwithstanding any other provisions of this chapter, at the end of 51 each day of early voting, any early voting ballots that have not been 52 scanned because a ballot scanner was not available or because the ballot 53 has been abandoned by the voter at the ballot scanner shall be cast in a 54 manner consistent with section 9-110 of this chapter, except that such 55 ballots which cannot then be cast on a ballot scanner shall be held 56 inviolate and unexamined and shall be duly secured until after the closeS. 1102 6 A. 780 1 of polls on election day when such ballots shall be examined and 2 canvassed in a manner consistent with subdivision two of section 9-110 3 of this chapter. 4 9. The board of elections shall secure all ballots and scanners used 5 for early voting from the beginning of the early voting period through 6 the close of the polls on election day; provided, however, the state 7 board of elections may by regulation duly adopted by a majority of such 8 board establish a procedure whereby ballot scanners used for early 9 voting may also be used on election day if the portable memory devices 10 used during early voting containing the early voting election informa- 11 tion and vote tabulations are properly secured apart from the scanners, 12 and the results therefrom shall be duly canvassed after the close of 13 polls on election day. 14 10. After the close of polls on election day, inspectors or board of 15 elections employees appointed to canvass ballots cast during early 16 voting shall follow all relevant provisions of article nine of this 17 chapter that are not inconsistent with this section, for canvassing, 18 processing, recording, and announcing results of voting at polling plac- 19 es for early voting, and securing ballots, scanners, and other election 20 materials. Such canvass may occur at the offices of the board of 21 elections, at the early voting polling place or such other location 22 designated by the board of elections. 23 11. Notwithstanding the requirements of this title requiring the 24 canvass of ballots cast during early voting after the close of polls on 25 election day, such canvass may begin one hour before the scheduled close 26 of polls on election day provided the board of elections adopts proce- 27 dures to prevent the public release of election results prior to the 28 close of polls on election day and such procedures shall be consistent 29 with the regulations of the state board of elections and shall be filed 30 with the state board of elections at least thirty days before they shall 31 be effective. 32 § 8-602. State board of elections; powers and duties for early voting. 33 The state board of elections shall promulgate rules or regulations 34 necessary for the implementation of the provisions of this title. Such 35 rules and regulations shall include, but not be limited to, provisions 36 to (i) ensure that ballots cast early, by any method allowed under law, 37 are counted and canvassed as if cast on election day, (ii) ensure an 38 efficient and fair early voting process that respects the privacy of the 39 voter, and (iii) require that the voting history record for each voter 40 be continually updated to reflect each instance of early voting by such 41 voter. 42 § 9. The opening paragraph of section 9-209 of the election law, as 43 amended by chapter 163 of the laws of 2010, is amended to read as 44 follows: 45 Before completing the canvass of votes cast in any primary, general, 46 special, or other election at which voters are required to sign their 47 registration poll records before voting, the board of elections shall 48 proceed in the manner hereinafter prescribed to cast and canvass any 49 absentee, military, special presidential, special federal or other 50 special ballots and any ballots voted by voters who moved within the 51 county or city after registering, voters who are in inactive status, 52 voters whose registration was incorrectly transferred to another address 53 even though they did not move, voters whose registration poll records 54 were missing on the day of such election, voters who have not had their 55 identity previously verified and voters whose registration poll records 56 did not show them to be enrolled in the party in which they claimed toS. 1102 7 A. 780 1 be enrolled and voters incorrectly identified as having already voted. 2 Each such ballot shall be retained in the original envelope containing 3 the voter's affidavit and signature, in which it is delivered to the 4 board of elections until such time as it is to be cast and canvassed. 5 § 10. This act shall take effect immediately; provided, however that 6 early voting pursuant to the provisions of this act shall first apply to 7 the general election held in November 2019, and to any general, primary, 8 run-off primary or special election held thereafter as provided for in 9 the election law.