|SAME AS||SAME AS S03608|
|COSPNSR||Lifton, Steck, Jaffee, Gottfried, Blake, Walker, Barron, Seawright, Williams, Mosley, Rivera, Simon, Ortiz, Peoples-Stokes, Solages|
|MLTSPNSR||Cook, De La Rosa, Rodriguez, Thiele|
|Add Art 12-B §§289-g - 289-k, Tax L|
|Establishes a tax on carbon-based fuels.|
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NEW YORK STATE ASSEMBLY
MEMORANDUM IN SUPPORT OF LEGISLATION
submitted in accordance with Assembly Rule III, Sec 1(f)
BILL NUMBER: A39 SPONSOR: Cahill (MS)
TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the tax law, in relation to establishing a tax on carbon-based fuels to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions causing anthro- pogenic climate change   PURPOSE OR GENERAL IDEA OF BILL: To assist in NY's goal to substantially reduce CO2 emissions, while investing in clean energy and modernized infrastructure.   SUMMARY OF SPECIFIC PROVISIONS: § 289-g of Section 1 provides definitions for "carbon-based fuel," "carbon generated electricity," "carbon dioxide equivalent," "carbon dioxide emissions tax," "fuel distributor," "carbon dioxide emissions fund (fund)," "motor vehicle fuel," and "utility." § 289-h of Section 1 provides for the administration of emissions charg- es. § 289-i of Section 1 provides for the establishment of the carbon diox- ide emissions tax. § 289-j of Section 1 provides for development of a carbon dioxide emis- sions fund. § 289-k of Section 1 allows for the Departments of Taxation & Finance and Environmental Conservation to promulgate rules and regs. Section 2 provides that this act shall take effect 90 days after being signed into law and that all rules/regs are completed before the effec- tive date.   JUSTIFICATION: This carbon tax bill will reduce carbon emissions in New York State, helping New York to reach its target of reducing carbon dioxide emis- sions by 80% of 1990 levels by the year 2050. The bill aims to protect the poorest classes while using a portion of the revenue to adapt to climate change, increase investment in infrastructure, and enhance the use of renewable energy. Hence the bill is revenue neutral for the most vulnerable groups, and uses revenue from less vulnerable groups to offset the impacts and prevent future climate change. The scientific community has widely recognized the imminent threat presented by climate change, and a market-based solution offsetting climate altering emissions will play a large role in preventing the irreversible impacts of a warmer climate. Already New York State has witnessed the devastating effects of Hurricane Sandy and other extreme weather events. A market - based solution such as a carbon tax has been embraced widely by economists, including those in New York State, as well as by citizens' groups and political leaders on both sides of the aisle.   PRIOR LEGISLATIVE HISTORY: 2017-2018: A.107 - Referred to Ways and Means 2015-2016: A.8372 - Referred to Ways and Means   FISCAL IMPLICATIONS: To be determined.   EFFECTIVE DATE: This act shall take effect on the ninetieth day after it shall have become a law.
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STATE OF NEW YORK ________________________________________________________________________ 39 2019-2020 Regular Sessions IN ASSEMBLY (Prefiled) January 9, 2019 ___________ Introduced by M. of A. CAHILL, LIFTON, STECK, JAFFEE, GOTTFRIED, BLAKE, WALKER, BARRON, SEAWRIGHT, WILLIAMS, MOSLEY, RIVERA, SIMON, ORTIZ, PEOPLES-STOKES, SOLAGES -- Multi-Sponsored by -- M. of A. COOK, DE LA ROSA, RODRIGUEZ, THIELE -- read once and referred to the Commit- tee on Ways and Means AN ACT to amend the tax law, in relation to establishing a tax on carbon-based fuels to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions causing anthropogenic climate change The People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and Assem- bly, do enact as follows: 1 Section 1. The tax law is amended by adding a new article 12-B to read 2 as follows: 3 ARTICLE 12-B 4 TAX ON CARBON-BASED FUELS 5 Section 289-g. Definitions. 6 289-h. Administration of emissions charges. 7 289-i. Carbon dioxide emissions tax. 8 289-j. Carbon dioxide emissions fund. 9 289-k. Regulations. 10 § 289-g. Definitions. For the purposes of this article, the following 11 terms shall have the following meanings: 12 1. "Carbon-based fuel" means coal, natural gas, renewable biomass, 13 petroleum products, and any other product that contains carbon and emits 14 carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, or other greenhouse gases when 15 combusted, that are used for fuel, heating, cooling, or industrial proc- 16 esses, which processes shall include electricity generation. 17 2. "Carbon-generated electricity" means electric energy produced using 18 a carbon-based fuel that is generated or transmitted by an electric 19 power facility. EXPLANATION--Matter in italics (underscored) is new; matter in brackets [ ] is old law to be omitted. LBD01897-01-9A. 39 2 1 3. "Carbon dioxide equivalent" means a unit of measure denoting the 2 amount of emissions from a greenhouse gas, expressed as the amount of 3 carbon dioxide by weight that produces the same global warming impact. 4 4. "Carbon dioxide emissions tax" means a tax imposed on each ton of 5 carbon dioxide equivalency. 6 5. "Fuel distributor" means any person, firm, association or corpo- 7 ration, that imports or causes to be imported into the state, for use, 8 distribution, storage or sale within the state, any carbon-based fuel as 9 defined in subdivision one of this section; and also any person, firm, 10 association or corporation that produces, refines, manufactures or 11 compounds carbon-based fuel within the state. 12 6. "Fund" means the carbon dioxide emissions fund established by this 13 article. 14 7. "Motor vehicle fuel" means fuel for the operation of a motor vehi- 15 cle. 16 8. "Utility" means any such gas corporation, electric corporation, gas 17 and electric corporation, steam corporation, municipality, or any entity 18 that, in any manner, sells or facilitates the sale, furnishing or 19 provision of gas or electronic commodity to residential customers; 20 provided, however, that the term shall not include any municipality that 21 is exempt from regulation by the public service commission pursuant to 22 paragraph g of subdivision five of section one thousand five of the 23 public authorities law. 24 § 289-h. Administration of emissions charges. The department of envi- 25 ronmental conservation shall administer the schedules of carbon dioxide 26 emissions charges and the carbon dioxide emissions fund, both estab- 27 lished pursuant to this article. Such tax shall be imposed on each fuel 28 distributor and utility at a rate and schedule to be determined by the 29 department of environmental conservation in accordance with section two 30 hundred eighty-nine-i of this article for a carbon-based fuel that is 31 either: 32 1. sold by a fuel distributor to consumers in this state in the previ- 33 ous calendar year; or 34 2. used to produce carbon-generated electricity that is supplied by a 35 utility to consumers in this state in the previous calendar year. 36 § 289-i. Carbon dioxide emissions tax. 1. The department and the 37 department of environmental conservation shall establish a carbon diox- 38 ide emissions tax on the distribution or sale of carbon-based fuels 39 which shall be no less than thirty-five dollars per ton of carbon diox- 40 ide equivalency and shall increase by fifteen dollars per ton of carbon 41 dioxide equivalency annually to a maximum of one hundred eighty-five 42 dollars per ton of carbon dioxide equivalency. 43 2. In the fourth year of implementation, and biannually thereafter, 44 the department of environmental conservation shall publish a report for 45 the legislature and shall post the report on an internet website acces- 46 sible to the public. Such report shall consider whether any increases or 47 decreases in the carbon dioxide emissions tax as authorized by this 48 section are recommended to account for inflation, and to ensure progress 49 towards reaching emissions levels to mitigate climate change in further- 50 ance of established state policy. 51 3. The department shall determine total taxable emissions annually for 52 each distributor or utility using the carbon dioxide equivalent for each 53 carbon-based fuel based on information that shall be provided in an 54 annual report to the department by the distributor or utility about the 55 amount of carbon-based fuel or carbon-generated electricity sold to 56 consumers within the state during the preceding calendar year. SuchA. 39 3 1 annual report shall also include any information required by the depart- 2 ment by rule or regulation. 3 4. The department and the department of environmental conservation 4 shall be authorized to develop any rule or regulation necessary to 5 collect and administer the carbon dioxide emissions tax authorized under 6 this article. 7 5. Notwithstanding any general or special law to the contrary, the tax 8 authorized under this section shall not be imposed on any carbon-based 9 fuel or source of carbon-based electricity if such imposition is super- 10 seded by federal law or regulation. 11 § 289-j. Carbon dioxide emissions fund. 1. The department of environ- 12 mental conservation shall establish the carbon dioxide emissions fund, 13 and the department's office of climate change shall serve as the fund's 14 administrator. The department of environmental conservation shall depos- 15 it all proceeds collected in accordance with section two hundred eight- 16 y-nine-i of this article into the fund. No such proceeds shall fund 17 government operations of the state, other than to pay for reasonable 18 administrative costs as provided under subdivision two of this section. 19 2. The office of climate change shall return sixty percent of all 20 carbon dioxide emissions charge proceeds to very low to moderate income 21 residents of the state in the form of tax credits in order to offset the 22 regressive nature of such fees. The amount of such credit shall be based 23 on estimates and averages of expense and consumption trends for very low 24 to moderate income residents determined by the office of climate change 25 in conjunction with the department in accordance with section two 26 hundred eighty-nine-k of this article. Such credit shall be progressive- 27 ly issued to very low to moderate income residents. Such income catego- 28 ries shall mean those with income below fifty percent for very low 29 income residents, income between fifty and eighty percent for low income 30 residents, and income between eighty-one and one hundred fifteen percent 31 for moderate income residents, of the area median income as determined 32 by the department of housing and urban development. 33 3. The office of climate change shall distribute evenly the remaining 34 forty percent of proceeds of such fund in order to support the transi- 35 tion to one hundred percent clean energy in the state, to support mass 36 transit to reduce carbon emissions, and to improve climate change adap- 37 tation. Such funds shall include but not be limited to payments and 38 subsidies for renewable energy, energy conservation and efficiency meas- 39 ures, improvements in infrastructure, improvements in mass transit 40 capacity, agricultural adaptation measures, protection of low-lying 41 areas including coastlines, and emergency responses to extreme weather 42 events. 43 § 289-k. Regulations. 1. The department and department of environ- 44 mental conservation shall promulgate such rules and regulations as shall 45 be necessary to implement the provisions of this article. 46 2. The department and the department of environmental conservation 47 shall undertake all reasonable efforts to collect charges authorized 48 pursuant to this article at the first point of distribution or sale 49 within the state. 50 § 2. This act shall take effect on the ninetieth day after it shall 51 have become a law. Effective immediately, the addition, amendment and/or 52 repeal of any rule or regulation necessary for the implementation of 53 this act on its effective date are authorized to be made and completed 54 on or before such effective date.