A00575 Summary:

COSPNSRGottfried, Simon, Carroll, Dinowitz, Epstein, Gallagher, Quart, Fahy, Seawright, Gonzalez-Rojas, Barnwell, Hevesi
Add §216-b, V & T L
Creates a pedestrian safety rating system for motor vehicles which shall be posted on the department of motor vehicles' website.
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A00575 Actions:

01/06/2021referred to transportation
03/16/2021amend and recommit to transportation
03/16/2021print number 575a
01/05/2022referred to transportation
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A00575 Committee Votes:

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A00575 Floor Votes:

There are no votes for this bill in this legislative session.
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A00575 Memo:

submitted in accordance with Assembly Rule III, Sec 1(f)
  TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the vehicle and traffic law, in relation to creating a pedestrian safety rating system for motor vehicles   PURPOSE OR GENERAL IDEA OF BILL: This bill will require the Commissioner of the Department of Motor Vehi- cles (DMV) to create and make publicly accessible via the internet, a pedestrian safety rating system for all models of vehicles registered in New York State   SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS: Section one of the bill amends the Vehicle and Traffic Law by adding a new Section 216-b to require the Commissioner of the Department of Motor Vehicles to create and make publicly accessible via the internet, a pedestrian safety rating system for all models of vehicles registered in New York State. This rating system will provide a rating between one and five stars to reflect the safety of each vehicle model. The rating shall take into consideration the frequency of collisions and number and severity of injuries involving a bicyclist or pedestrian reported for such vehicle model compared to the total number of registrations of that vehicle model in New York. It shall also take into consideration safety features of the vehicle model that the Commissioner of the DMV deter- mines are relevant to pedestrian and bicyclist safety. The Commissioner shall issue regulations to all motor vehicle manufac- turers, dealers, brokers, distributors, and other motor vehicle business entities in the state on how to adopt the pedestrian safety rating system and shall require them to conspicuously display the rating on each motor vehicle at such entities' place of business. Section two of the bill sets forth the effective date.   JUSTIFICATION: More pedestrians and cyclists were killed in the United States in 2018 than in any year since 1990, according to a 2019 National Highway Traf- fic Safety Administration released in 2019. New York City is no strang- er to this national trend. According to reporting by the Daily News, twenty-nine bicyclists lost their lives in 2019 on the streets of New York City. Data maintained by the New York City Department of Transpor- tation indicates that 2019 saw the highest number of cyclist deaths in New York City in a single year since at least 1999. Of the twenty-nine deaths, twenty-eight were killed by motorists and twenty-five were killed by drivers behind the wheel of large trucks, buses, SUVs or vans. And, of the twenty-nine deaths, eighteen of them were killed in Brook- lyn. But, bicyclists aren't the only ones losing their lives at an alarming rate on New York's roads. An average of seven times more pedestrians have died than cyclists since 2013, according to data from the New York City Department of Transportation. And, as of December 23rd 2019, 117 pedestrians died in car crashes during 2019 compared to 111 total in 2018. According to reporting in late 2019 by the New York Times, some experts said that as Americans continue to purchase larger S.U.V.s and trucks, they may be making themselves safer at the expense of pedestrians and cyclists. In fact, research has concluded that S.U.V.s and light trucks are more prone than cars are to run over pedestrians, rather than throw them up over the hood, making fatalities more likely when they collide. And because the vehicles usually sit higher off the ground, they may have larger blind spots, especially through the rear window. In response to the alarming spike of pedestrian and cyclist deaths across New York City, the NYC Department of Transportation has announced that it will soon begin to track the vehicles involved in fatal crashes. It is critical for the State to supplement that data collection by analyzing data already maintained by the DMV and to create a transpar- ent, accessible pedestrian safety rating system for motorists, cyclists and pedestrians to understand the dangerous trends associated with certain vehicle models.   PRIOR LEGISLATIVE HISTORY: 2020: A9972 (Rozic) - Transportation   FISCAL IMPLICATIONS: None   EFFECTIVE DATE: This act shall take effect immediately; provided, however that the pedestrian safety rating system shall be finalized within six months of the effective date.
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