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A01729 Summary:

BILL NOA01729
 
SAME ASSAME AS S03352
 
SPONSORMosley
 
COSPNSRJaffee, Weprin, De La Rosa
 
MLTSPNSR
 
Amd 755, Cor L
 
Relates to the manner in which certain provisions of the correction law are enforced.
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A01729 Memo:

NEW YORK STATE ASSEMBLY
MEMORANDUM IN SUPPORT OF LEGISLATION
submitted in accordance with Assembly Rule III, Sec 1(f)
 
BILL NUMBER: A1729
 
SPONSOR: Mosley
  TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the correction law, in relation to the manner through which enforcement proceedings are brought   PURPOSE: The purpose of this bill is to ensure that persons illegally discrimi- nated against by a public employer due to a prior criminal conviction unrelated to the employment sought is able to seek redress with the Division of Human Rights.   SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS: Section one of the bill amends the correction law to establish that the provisions of Article 23-A of the correction law are enforceable by the Division of Human Rights when a person is illegally discriminated against by a public employer. Section two of the bill is the effective date.   JUSTIFICATION: New York State's Human Rights Law § 297 enumerates the remedies avail- able to a person with a claim of unlawful discrimination. This provision states that, "Any person (emphasis added) claiming to be aggrieved by an unlawful discriminatory practice may, by himself or herself- make, sign and file with the division a verified complaint." Inexplicably, under a separate provision of New York State law, one class of persons, those discriminated against by public agencies on the basis of their criminal record, have their remedies limited. Under Section 755 of the Correction Law, individuals denied employment by a public agency because of their criminal record have only one remedy available to them - an Article 78 proceeding in state court. However, individuals wrongly denied employment by a private employer are able to file a complaint with the Division of Human Rights. There is no reason that only people who are discriminated against by a public agency because of their criminal record should be limited to fewer options than those complaining about discrimination by private employers. Thus, this bill amends Section 755 of the Correction Law to give persons who suffer discrimination based on a criminal record by a public employer access to the same enforcement mechanisms as those discriminated against by private employers. There are many legal and policy reasons why persons who experience criminal-records based discrimination by public employers should have access to the same enforcement mechanisms available to others who expe- rience discrimination by private employers: * Article 78 proceedings cost the State significant amounts of time and money through the use of court personnel (judges, court officers, clerks, etc.), Attorney General and Corporation Counsel resources and time, as well as time spent by the petitioner drafting the appeal and appearing in court. By contrast, the Division of Human Rights and the Commission on Human Rights have streamlined procedures and mechanisms in place as well as expertise in evaluating discrimination claims. Proc- essing criminal records based discrimination claims administratively, which many individuals would choose to do because it does not require them to obtain legal counsel, will achieve speedy results at less cost to everyone. *Individuals only have four months to file an Article 78 if they are discriminated against by a public employer. This period is so brief that it has usually passed before many claimants even learn the option of an Article 78 exists, or before they are able to secure legal represen- tation, which most individuals will need in order to file these cases. *Even when a claimant does successfully file and win an Article' 78, it is a Pyrrhic victory - the job in question is usually not available by the time the decision is rendered (usually more than a year after the initial job denial) and the agency reconsiders the employment applica- tion. By contrast, the Division of Human Rights and the Commission on Human Rights are able to move quickly in evaluating discrimination complaints and working towards settlement. *Singling out a protected class of persons who are disproportionately from communities of color and limiting the legal remedies available to them may well violate Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the New York State Human Rights Law, which prohibits private employers and state and local governments from discriminating in employment based upon race, color, gender, national origin, or religion. The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) has ruled that employment policies (which could include statutes that provide legal remedies) that exclude indi- viduals based upon their criminal history may violate the Civil Rights Act because such policies disproportionately impact minorities, who are arrested and convicted at a significantly higher rate than their percentage in the population. Amending Article 755 of the Correction Law will mean that individuals who are discriminated against by a public agency as a result of their criminal record will be able to obtain real relief for the discrimi- nation they have suffered. It would also extend equal protection to all persons who suffer from discrimination and would save the state time and resources at a time when resources need to be saved.   LEGISLATIVE HISTORY: 2009-2010 (A.8012/S.4687) Vetoed by Governor, Memo. 6756 08/13/10 2011 Passed Assembly   FISCAL IMPLICATIONS: There may be some small increase in administrative costs to the Division of Human Rights as a result of an increase in the filing of complaints.   LOCAL FISCAL IMPLICATIONS: None.   EFFECTIVE DATE: This act shall take effect on the ninetieth day after is shall have become law.
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A01729 Text:



 
                STATE OF NEW YORK
        ________________________________________________________________________
 
                                          1729
 
                               2017-2018 Regular Sessions
 
                   IN ASSEMBLY
 
                                    January 12, 2017
                                       ___________
 
        Introduced  by  M. of A. MOSLEY, JAFFEE -- read once and referred to the
          Committee on Correction
 
        AN ACT to amend the correction law, in relation to  the  manner  through
          which enforcement proceedings are brought
 
          The  People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and Assem-
        bly, do enact as follows:

     1    Section 1. Section 755 of the correction law, as added by chapter  931
     2  of the laws of 1976, is amended to read as follows:
     3    § 755. Enforcement. [1. In relation to actions by public agencies, the
     4  provisions  of this article shall be enforceable by a proceeding brought
     5  pursuant to article seventy-eight of the civil practice law and rules.
     6    2. In relation to actions by private employers, the] The provisions of
     7  this article shall be enforceable by the division of human rights pursu-
     8  ant to the powers and procedures set forth in  article  fifteen  of  the
     9  executive  law,  and,  concurrently,  by the New York city commission on
    10  human rights; provided, however, that nothing in this section  shall  be
    11  construed  to  limit  the  right  of a person to pursue any legal remedy
    12  available under article fifteen of the executive law or any other appli-
    13  cable provision of law.
    14    § 2. This act shall take effect on the ninetieth day  after  it  shall
    15  have become a law.
 
 
 
 
         EXPLANATION--Matter in italics (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                              [ ] is old law to be omitted.
                                                                   LBD04021-01-7
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