•  Summary 
  •  
  •  Actions 
  •  
  •  Committee Votes 
  •  
  •  Floor Votes 
  •  
  •  Memo 
  •  
  •  Text 
  •  
  •  LFIN 
  •  
  •  Chamber Video/Transcript 

A04950 Summary:

BILL NOA04950B
 
SAME ASSAME AS S04524-B
 
SPONSORMagnarelli
 
COSPNSRLupardo, Thiele, Simon, Galef, Stirpe, Pichardo, D'Urso, McDonald, Paulin, Santabarbara, Englebright, Fall, Sayegh, Gottfried, Glick, Griffin, Jaffee, DenDekker, LiPetri, Pheffer Amato, Taylor, Weprin, Hyndman, Arroyo, Ramos, Fahy, Ortiz, Dinowitz, Fernandez, Wallace, Jacobson, Barron, Epstein
 
MLTSPNSRDe La Rosa
 
Amd V & T L, generally; amd 371, Gen Muni L; amd 87, Pub Off L; amd 1604, 1709, 2503, 2554 & 2590-h, Ed L
 
Relates to school bus safety cameras; relates to owner liability for failure of operator to stop for a school bus displaying a red visual signal and stop-arm; authorizes school districts to enter into agreements with municipalities for the installation and use of school bus photo violation monitoring systems; makes related provisions.
Go to top    

A04950 Actions:

BILL NOA04950B
 
02/06/2019referred to transportation
02/12/2019reported referred to codes
03/08/2019amend and recommit to codes
03/08/2019print number 4950a
03/18/2019reported referred to ways and means
03/18/2019reported referred to rules
03/18/2019reported
03/19/2019rules report cal.40
03/19/2019ordered to third reading rules cal.40
03/19/2019passed assembly
03/19/2019delivered to senate
03/19/2019REFERRED TO TRANSPORTATION
05/07/2019recalled from senate
05/07/2019RETURNED TO ASSEMBLY
05/07/2019vote reconsidered - restored to third reading
05/07/2019amended on third reading 4950b
05/13/2019repassed assembly
05/13/2019returned to senate
05/13/2019RECOMMITTED TO TRANSPORTATION
05/15/2019SUBSTITUTED FOR S4524B
05/15/20193RD READING CAL.408
05/15/2019PASSED SENATE
05/15/2019RETURNED TO ASSEMBLY
Go to top

A04950 Text:



 
                STATE OF NEW YORK
        ________________________________________________________________________
 
                                         4950--B
                                                                    R. R. 40
 
                               2019-2020 Regular Sessions
 
                   IN ASSEMBLY
 
                                    February 6, 2019
                                       ___________
 
        Introduced  by  M.  of  A.  MAGNARELLI,  LUPARDO,  THIELE, SIMON, GALEF,
          STIRPE, PICHARDO, D'URSO, McDONALD, PAULIN, SANTABARBARA, ENGLEBRIGHT,
          FALL, SAYEGH, GOTTFRIED, GLICK, GRIFFIN, JAFFEE,  DenDEKKER,  LiPETRI,
          PHEFFER AMATO,  TAYLOR,  WEPRIN,  HYNDMAN, ARROYO, RAMOS, FAHY, ORTIZ,
          DINOWITZ, FERNANDEZ -- Multi-Sponsored by -- M. of  A.  DE LA ROSA  --
          read  once and referred to the Committee on Transportation -- reported
          and referred to the Committee on Codes -- committee  discharged,  bill
          amended,  ordered reprinted as amended and recommitted to said commit-
          tee -- reported and referred to the Committee on  Ways  and  Means  --
          reported  and referred to the Committee on Rules -- ordered to a third
          reading, passed by Assembly and delivered to the Senate, recalled from
          the  Senate,  vote  reconsidered,  bill  amended,  ordered  reprinted,
          retaining its place on the special order of third reading
 
        AN  ACT  to amend the vehicle and traffic law, in relation to school bus
          photo violation monitoring systems and owner liability for failure  of
          operator  to  stop for a school bus displaying a red visual signal; to
          amend the general municipal  law,  in  relation  to  jurisdiction  and
          procedure;  to  amend  the public officers law, in relation to certain
          photographs, videotapes or other recorded images; to amend the  educa-
          tion  law,  in  relation to authorizing school districts to enter into
          agreements with municipalities for the installation and use of  school
          bus  photo  violation monitoring systems; and providing for the repeal
          of such provisions upon expiration thereof
 
          The People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and  Assem-
        bly, do enact as follows:
 
     1    Section  1.  Subdivision  1  of section 235 of the vehicle and traffic
     2  law, as amended by section 1 of chapter 222 of  the  laws  of  2015,  is
     3  amended to read as follows:
     4    1.  Notwithstanding any inconsistent provision of any general, special
     5  or local law or administrative code to the contrary, in any  city  which
     6  heretofore  or  hereafter  is  authorized to establish an administrative
 
         EXPLANATION--Matter in italics (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                              [ ] is old law to be omitted.
                                                                   LBD09710-07-9

        A. 4950--B                          2
 
     1  tribunal to hear and determine complaints of traffic infractions consti-
     2  tuting parking, standing or stopping violations, or  to  adjudicate  the
     3  liability  of owners for violations of subdivision (d) of section eleven
     4  hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred
     5  eleven-a  of  this chapter, or to adjudicate the liability of owners for
     6  violations of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred eleven  of  this
     7  chapter  in  accordance  with  sections  eleven hundred eleven-b of this
     8  chapter as added by sections sixteen of chapters  twenty,  [twenty-one,]
     9  and  twenty-two  of  the laws of two thousand nine, or to adjudicate the
    10  liability of owners for violations of subdivision (d) of section  eleven
    11  hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred
    12  eleven-d  of  this chapter, or to adjudicate the liability of owners for
    13  violations of section eleven hundred seventy-four  of  this  chapter  in
    14  accordance  with  section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter,
    15  or to adjudicate the liability of owners for violations  of  subdivision
    16  (d)  of section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with
    17  section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter, or  to  adjudicate  the
    18  liability  of  owners  for  violations of toll collection regulations as
    19  defined in and in accordance with the provisions of section two thousand
    20  nine hundred eighty-five of the  public  authorities  law  and  sections
    21  sixteen-a, sixteen-b and sixteen-c of chapter seven hundred seventy-four
    22  of  the  laws  of  nineteen hundred fifty, or to adjudicate liability of
    23  owners in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-c of this  chap-
    24  ter  for  violations  of bus lane restrictions as defined in subdivision
    25  (b), (c), (d), (f) or (g) of such section, or to adjudicate the  liabil-
    26  ity  of  owners  for violations of section eleven hundred eighty of this
    27  chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred eighty-b of this chap-
    28  ter, such tribunal and the  rules  and  regulations  pertaining  thereto
    29  shall  be  constituted  in  substantial  conformance  with the following
    30  sections.
    31    § 1-a. Section 235 of the vehicle  and  traffic  law,  as  amended  by
    32  section  1-a  of  chapter 222 of the laws of 2015, is amended to read as
    33  follows:
    34    § 235. Jurisdiction. Notwithstanding any inconsistent provision of any
    35  general, special or local law or administrative code to the contrary, in
    36  any city which heretofore or hereafter is  authorized  to  establish  an
    37  administrative  tribunal  to  hear  and  determine complaints of traffic
    38  infractions constituting parking, standing or stopping violations, or to
    39  adjudicate the liability of owners for violations of subdivision (d)  of
    40  section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with section
    41  eleven  hundred eleven-a of this chapter, or to adjudicate the liability
    42  of owners for violations of subdivision (d) of  section  eleven  hundred
    43  eleven  of  this  chapter  in  accordance  with  sections eleven hundred
    44  eleven-b of this chapter as added by sections sixteen of chapters  twen-
    45  ty, [twenty-one,] and twenty-two of the laws of two thousand nine, or to
    46  adjudicate  the liability of owners for violations of subdivision (d) of
    47  section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with section
    48  eleven hundred eleven-d of this chapter, or to adjudicate the  liability
    49  of  owners  for  violations of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred
    50  eleven of  this  chapter  in  accordance  with  section  eleven  hundred
    51  eleven-e  of  this chapter, or to adjudicate the liability of owners for
    52  violations of section eleven hundred seventy-four  of  this  chapter  in
    53  accordance  with  section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter,
    54  or to  adjudicate  the  liability  of  owners  for  violations  of  toll
    55  collection  regulations  as  defined  in  and  in  accordance  with  the
    56  provisions of section two  thousand  nine  hundred  eighty-five  of  the

        A. 4950--B                          3
 
     1  public  authorities  law and sections sixteen-a, sixteen-b and sixteen-c
     2  of chapter seven hundred seventy-four of the laws  of  nineteen  hundred
     3  fifty,  or  to adjudicate liability of owners in accordance with section
     4  eleven  hundred  eleven-c  of  this  chapter  for violations of bus lane
     5  restrictions as defined in such section, or to adjudicate the  liability
     6  of  owners  for  violations  of subdivision (b), (c), (d), (f) or (g) of
     7  section eleven hundred eighty of this chapter in accordance with section
     8  eleven hundred eighty-b of this chapter, such tribunal and the rules and
     9  regulations pertaining  thereto  shall  be  constituted  in  substantial
    10  conformance with the following sections.
    11    §  1-b.  Section  235  of  the  vehicle and traffic law, as amended by
    12  section 1-b of chapter 222 of the laws of 2015, is amended  to  read  as
    13  follows:
    14    § 235. Jurisdiction. Notwithstanding any inconsistent provision of any
    15  general, special or local law or administrative code to the contrary, in
    16  any  city  which  heretofore  or hereafter is authorized to establish an
    17  administrative tribunal to hear  and  determine  complaints  of  traffic
    18  infractions constituting parking, standing or stopping violations, or to
    19  adjudicate  the liability of owners for violations of subdivision (d) of
    20  section eleven  hundred  eleven  of  this  chapter  in  accordance  with
    21  sections  eleven  hundred  eleven-b of this chapter as added by sections
    22  sixteen of chapters twenty, [twenty-one,] and twenty-two of the laws  of
    23  two  thousand  nine,  or  to  adjudicate  the  liability  of  owners for
    24  violations of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred eleven  of  this
    25  chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-d of this chap-
    26  ter, or to adjudicate the liability of owners for violations of subdivi-
    27  sion  (d) of section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance
    28  with section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter, or  to  adjudicate
    29  the  liability of owners for violations of section eleven hundred seven-
    30  ty-four of this chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred seven-
    31  ty-four-a of this chapter, or to adjudicate the liability of owners  for
    32  violations  of  toll collection regulations as defined in and in accord-
    33  ance with the provisions of section two thousand  nine  hundred  eighty-
    34  five of the public authorities law and sections sixteen-a, sixteen-b and
    35  sixteen-c  of chapter seven hundred seventy-four of the laws of nineteen
    36  hundred fifty, or to adjudicate liability of owners in  accordance  with
    37  section  eleven  hundred  eleven-c of this chapter for violations of bus
    38  lane restrictions as defined in  such  section,  or  to  adjudicate  the
    39  liability  of owners for violations of subdivision (b), (c), (d), (f) or
    40  (g) of section eleven hundred eighty of this chapter in accordance  with
    41  section  eleven  hundred eighty-b of this chapter, such tribunal and the
    42  rules  and  regulations  pertaining  thereto  shall  be  constituted  in
    43  substantial conformance with the following sections.
    44    §  1-c.  Section  235  of  the  vehicle and traffic law, as amended by
    45  section 1-c of chapter 222 of the laws of 2015, is amended  to  read  as
    46  follows:
    47    § 235. Jurisdiction. Notwithstanding any inconsistent provision of any
    48  general, special or local law or administrative code to the contrary, in
    49  any  city  which  heretofore  or hereafter is authorized to establish an
    50  administrative tribunal to hear  and  determine  complaints  of  traffic
    51  infractions constituting parking, standing or stopping violations, or to
    52  adjudicate  the liability of owners for violations of subdivision (d) of
    53  section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with section
    54  eleven hundred eleven-d of this chapter, or to adjudicate the  liability
    55  of  owners  for  violations of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred
    56  eleven of  this  chapter  in  accordance  with  section  eleven  hundred

        A. 4950--B                          4
 
     1  eleven-e  of  this chapter, or to adjudicate the liability of owners for
     2  violations of section eleven hundred seventy-four  of  this  chapter  in
     3  accordance  with  section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter,
     4  or  to  adjudicate  the  liability  of  owners  for  violations  of toll
     5  collection  regulations  as  defined  in  and  in  accordance  with  the
     6  provisions  of  section  two  thousand  nine  hundred eighty-five of the
     7  public authorities law and sections sixteen-a, sixteen-b  and  sixteen-c
     8  of  chapter  seven  hundred seventy-four of the laws of nineteen hundred
     9  fifty, or to adjudicate liability of owners in accordance  with  section
    10  eleven  hundred  eleven-c  of  this  chapter  for violations of bus lane
    11  restrictions as defined in such section, or to adjudicate the  liability
    12  of  owners  for  violations  of subdivision (b), (c), (d), (f) or (g) of
    13  section eleven hundred eighty of this chapter in accordance with section
    14  eleven hundred eighty-b of this chapter, such tribunal and the rules and
    15  regulations pertaining  thereto  shall  be  constituted  in  substantial
    16  conformance with the following sections.
    17    §  1-d.  Section  235  of  the  vehicle and traffic law, as amended by
    18  section 1-d of chapter 222 of the laws of 2015, is amended  to  read  as
    19  follows:
    20    § 235. Jurisdiction. Notwithstanding any inconsistent provision of any
    21  general, special or local law or administrative code to the contrary, in
    22  any  city  which  heretofore  or hereafter is authorized to establish an
    23  administrative tribunal to hear  and  determine  complaints  of  traffic
    24  infractions constituting parking, standing or stopping violations, or to
    25  adjudicate  the liability of owners for violations of subdivision (d) of
    26  section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with section
    27  eleven hundred eleven-d of this chapter, or to adjudicate the  liability
    28  of  owners  for  violations of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred
    29  eleven of  this  chapter  in  accordance  with  section  eleven  hundred
    30  eleven-e  of  this chapter, or to adjudicate the liability of owners for
    31  violations of section eleven hundred seventy-four  of  this  chapter  in
    32  accordance  with  section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter,
    33  or to  adjudicate  the  liability  of  owners  for  violations  of  toll
    34  collection  regulations  as  defined  in  and  in  accordance  with  the
    35  provisions of section two  thousand  nine  hundred  eighty-five  of  the
    36  public  authorities  law and sections sixteen-a, sixteen-b and sixteen-c
    37  of chapter seven hundred seventy-four of the laws  of  nineteen  hundred
    38  fifty,  or  to adjudicate liability of owners for violations of subdivi-
    39  sions (c) and (d) of section eleven hundred eighty of  this  chapter  in
    40  accordance  with  section  eleven hundred eighty-b of this chapter, such
    41  tribunal and the rules  and  regulations  pertaining  thereto  shall  be
    42  constituted in substantial conformance with the following sections.
    43    §  1-e.  Section  235  of  the  vehicle and traffic law, as amended by
    44  section 1-e of chapter 222 of the laws of 2015, is amended  to  read  as
    45  follows:
    46    § 235. Jurisdiction. Notwithstanding any inconsistent provision of any
    47  general, special or local law or administrative code to the contrary, in
    48  any  city  which  heretofore  or hereafter is authorized to establish an
    49  administrative tribunal to hear  and  determine  complaints  of  traffic
    50  infractions constituting parking, standing or stopping violations, or to
    51  adjudicate  the liability of owners for violations of subdivision (d) of
    52  section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with section
    53  eleven hundred eleven-d of this chapter, or to adjudicate the  liability
    54  of  owners  for  violations of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred
    55  eleven of  this  chapter  in  accordance  with  section  eleven  hundred
    56  eleven-e  of  this chapter, or to adjudicate the liability of owners for

        A. 4950--B                          5
 
     1  violations of section eleven hundred seventy-four  of  this  chapter  in
     2  accordance  with  section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter,
     3  or to  adjudicate  the  liability  of  owners  for  violations  of  toll
     4  collection  regulations  as  defined  in  and  in  accordance  with  the
     5  provisions of section two  thousand  nine  hundred  eighty-five  of  the
     6  public  authorities  law and sections sixteen-a, sixteen-b and sixteen-c
     7  of chapter seven hundred seventy-four of the laws  of  nineteen  hundred
     8  fifty,  such  tribunal  and the rules and regulations pertaining thereto
     9  shall be constituted  in  substantial  conformance  with  the  following
    10  sections.
    11    §  1-f.  Section  235  of  the  vehicle and traffic law, as amended by
    12  section 1-f of chapter 222 of the laws of 2015, is amended  to  read  as
    13  follows:
    14    § 235. Jurisdiction. Notwithstanding any inconsistent provision of any
    15  general, special or local law or administrative code to the contrary, in
    16  any  city  which  heretofore  or hereafter is authorized to establish an
    17  administrative tribunal to hear  and  determine  complaints  of  traffic
    18  infractions constituting parking, standing or stopping violations, or to
    19  adjudicate  the liability of owners for violations of subdivision (d) of
    20  section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with section
    21  eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter, or to adjudicate the  liability
    22  of  owners for violations of section eleven hundred seventy-four of this
    23  chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this
    24  chapter, or to adjudicate the liability of owners for violations of toll
    25  collection  regulations  as  defined  in  and  in  accordance  with  the
    26  provisions  of  section  two  thousand  nine  hundred eighty-five of the
    27  public authorities law and sections sixteen-a, sixteen-b  and  sixteen-c
    28  of  chapter  seven  hundred seventy-four of the laws of nineteen hundred
    29  fifty, such tribunal and the rules and  regulations  pertaining  thereto
    30  shall  be  constituted  in  substantial  conformance  with the following
    31  sections.
    32    § 1-g. Section 235 of the  vehicle  and  traffic  law,  as  separately
    33  amended  by  chapter 715 of the laws of 1972 and chapter 379 of the laws
    34  of 1992, is amended to read as follows:
    35    § 235. Jurisdiction. Notwithstanding any inconsistent provision of any
    36  general, special or local law or administrative code to the contrary, in
    37  any city which heretofore or hereafter is  authorized  to  establish  an
    38  administrative  tribunal  to  hear  and  determine complaints of traffic
    39  infractions constituting parking, standing or stopping violations, or to
    40  adjudicate the liability of owners  for  violations  of  section  eleven
    41  hundred  seventy-four  of this chapter in accordance with section eleven
    42  hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter, or to adjudicate  the  liability
    43  of  owners  for  violations of toll collection regulations as defined in
    44  and in accordance with the  provisions  of  section  two  thousand  nine
    45  hundred   eighty-five   of  the  public  authorities  law  and  sections
    46  sixteen-a, sixteen-b and sixteen-c of chapter seven hundred seventy-four
    47  of the laws of nineteen hundred fifty, such tribunal and the  rules  and
    48  regulations  pertaining  thereto  shall  be  constituted  in substantial
    49  conformance with the following sections.
    50    § 2. Subdivision 1 of section 236 of the vehicle and traffic  law,  as
    51  amended  by  section 2 of chapter 222 of the laws of 2015, is amended to
    52  read as follows:
    53    1. Creation. In any city as hereinbefore or hereafter authorized  such
    54  tribunal  when  created  shall be known as the parking violations bureau
    55  and shall have jurisdiction of traffic infractions  which  constitute  a
    56  parking violation and, where authorized by local law adopted pursuant to

        A. 4950--B                          6
 
     1  subdivision  (a)  of  section eleven hundred eleven-a of this chapter or
     2  subdivisions (a) of sections eleven hundred eleven-b of this chapter  as
     3  added  by sections sixteen of chapters twenty, [twenty-one,] and twenty-
     4  two  of  the  laws  of  two thousand nine, or subdivision (a) of section
     5  eleven hundred eleven-d of this chapter, or subdivision (a)  of  section
     6  eleven  hundred  eleven-e of this chapter, or subdivision (a) of section
     7  eleven hundred seventy-four-a of  this  chapter,  shall  adjudicate  the
     8  liability  of owners for violations of subdivision (d) of section eleven
     9  hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with  such  section  eleven
    10  hundred  eleven-a, sections eleven hundred eleven-b as added by sections
    11  sixteen of chapters twenty, [twenty-one,] and twenty-two of the laws  of
    12  two  thousand nine, or section eleven hundred eleven-d or section eleven
    13  hundred eleven-e and  shall  adjudicate  the  liability  of  owners  for
    14  violations  of  toll collection regulations as defined in and in accord-
    15  ance with the provisions of section two thousand  nine  hundred  eighty-
    16  five of the public authorities law and sections sixteen-a, sixteen-b and
    17  sixteen-c  of chapter seven hundred seventy-four of the laws of nineteen
    18  hundred fifty and shall adjudicate liability  of  owners  in  accordance
    19  with  section  eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter for violations of
    20  bus lane restrictions as defined in such section  and  shall  adjudicate
    21  liability  of  owners in accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-
    22  four-a of this chapter for violations of section eleven  hundred  seven-
    23  ty-four of this chapter and shall adjudicate the liability of owners for
    24  violations  of  subdivision  (b), (c), (d), (f) or (g) of section eleven
    25  hundred eighty of this chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred
    26  eighty-b of this chapter. Such tribunal, except in a city with  a  popu-
    27  lation of one million or more, shall also have jurisdiction of abandoned
    28  vehicle  violations.  For  the  purposes  of  this  article,  a  parking
    29  violation is the violation of any law, rule or regulation providing  for
    30  or  regulating  the parking, stopping or standing of a vehicle. In addi-
    31  tion for purposes of this article, "commissioner" shall mean and include
    32  the commissioner of traffic  of  the  city  or  an  official  possessing
    33  authority as such a commissioner.
    34    § 2-a. Subdivision 1 of section 236 of the vehicle and traffic law, as
    35  amended by section 2-a of chapter 222 of the laws of 2015, is amended to
    36  read as follows:
    37    1.  Creation. In any city as hereinbefore or hereafter authorized such
    38  tribunal when created shall be known as the  parking  violations  bureau
    39  and  shall  have  jurisdiction of traffic infractions which constitute a
    40  parking violation and, where authorized by local law adopted pursuant to
    41  subdivisions (a) of sections eleven hundred eleven-b of this chapter  as
    42  added  by sections sixteen of chapters twenty, [twenty-one,] and twenty-
    43  two of the laws of two thousand nine,  or  subdivision  (a)  of  section
    44  eleven  hundred  eleven-d of this chapter, or subdivision (a) of section
    45  eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter, or subdivision (a)  of  section
    46  eleven  hundred  seventy-four-a  of  this  chapter, shall adjudicate the
    47  liability of owners for violations of subdivision (d) of section  eleven
    48  hundred  eleven  of this chapter in accordance with such sections eleven
    49  hundred eleven-b as added by sections sixteen of chapters twenty, [twen-
    50  ty-one,] and twenty-two of the laws of  two  thousand  nine  or  section
    51  eleven  hundred  eleven-d  or section eleven hundred eleven-e; and shall
    52  adjudicate liability of owners in accordance with section eleven hundred
    53  eleven-c of this chapter for violations  of  bus  lane  restrictions  as
    54  defined  in  such  section  and  shall adjudicate liability of owners in
    55  accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a  of  this  chapter
    56  for  violations  of  section eleven hundred seventy-four of this chapter

        A. 4950--B                          7
 
     1  and shall adjudicate liability of owners for violations of  subdivisions
     2  (c)  and (d) of section eleven hundred eighty of this chapter in accord-
     3  ance with section eleven hundred  eighty-b  of  this  chapter.  For  the
     4  purposes  of  this  article, a parking violation is the violation of any
     5  law, rule or regulation providing for or regulating the  parking,  stop-
     6  ping or standing of a vehicle. In addition for purposes of this article,
     7  "commissioner" shall mean and include the commissioner of traffic of the
     8  city or an official possessing authority as such a commissioner.
     9    § 2-b. Subdivision 1 of section 236 of the vehicle and traffic law, as
    10  amended by section 2-b of chapter 222 of the laws of 2015, is amended to
    11  read as follows:
    12    1.  Creation. In any city as hereinbefore or hereafter authorized such
    13  tribunal when created shall be known as the  parking  violations  bureau
    14  and  shall  have  jurisdiction of traffic infractions which constitute a
    15  parking violation and, where authorized by local law adopted pursuant to
    16  subdivision (a) of section eleven hundred eleven-d or subdivision (a) of
    17  section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter, or subdivision  (a)  of
    18  section  eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter, shall adjudicate
    19  liability of owners in accordance with section eleven  hundred  eleven-c
    20  of  this  chapter  for violations of bus lane restrictions as defined in
    21  such  section;  and  shall  adjudicate  the  liability  of  owners   for
    22  violations  of  subdivision  (b), (c), (d), (f) or (g) of section eleven
    23  hundred eighty of this chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred
    24  eighty-b of this chapter. For the purposes of this  article,  a  parking
    25  violation  is the violation of any law, rule or regulation providing for
    26  or regulating the parking, stopping or standing of a vehicle.  In  addi-
    27  tion for purposes of this article, "commissioner" shall mean and include
    28  the  commissioner  of  traffic  of  the  city  or an official possessing
    29  authority as such a commissioner.
    30    § 2-c. Subdivision 1 of section 236 of the vehicle and traffic law, as
    31  amended by section 2-c of chapter 222 of the laws of 2015, is amended to
    32  read as follows:
    33    1. Creation. In any city as hereinbefore or hereafter authorized  such
    34  tribunal  when  created  shall be known as the parking violations bureau
    35  and, where authorized by local law adopted pursuant to  subdivision  (a)
    36  of section eleven hundred eleven-d of this chapter or subdivision (a) of
    37  section  eleven  hundred eleven-e of this chapter, or subdivision (a) of
    38  section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter, shall have juris-
    39  diction of traffic infractions which constitute a parking violation  and
    40  shall  adjudicate  the liability of owners for violations of subdivision
    41  (b), (c), (d), (f) or (g) of section eleven hundred eighty of this chap-
    42  ter in accordance with section eleven hundred eighty-b of this  chapter.
    43  For  the  purposes of this article, a parking violation is the violation
    44  of any law, rule or regulation providing for or regulating the  parking,
    45  stopping  or  standing  of  a  vehicle. In addition for purposes of this
    46  article, "commissioner" shall mean and include the commissioner of traf-
    47  fic of the city or an official possessing authority as  such  a  commis-
    48  sioner.
    49    § 2-d. Subdivision 1 of section 236 of the vehicle and traffic law, as
    50  amended by section 2-d of chapter 222 of the laws of 2015, is amended to
    51  read as follows:
    52    1.  Creation. In any city as hereinbefore or hereafter authorized such
    53  tribunal when created shall be known as the  parking  violations  bureau
    54  and,  where  authorized by local law adopted pursuant to subdivision (a)
    55  of section eleven hundred eleven-d of this chapter or subdivision (a) of
    56  section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter, or subdivision  (a)  of

        A. 4950--B                          8
 
     1  section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter, shall have juris-
     2  diction of traffic infractions which constitute a parking violation. For
     3  the  purposes  of  this article, a parking violation is the violation of
     4  any  law,  rule  or  regulation providing for or regulating the parking,
     5  stopping or standing of a vehicle. In  addition  for  purposes  of  this
     6  article, "commissioner" shall mean and include the commissioner of traf-
     7  fic  of  the  city or an official possessing authority as such a commis-
     8  sioner.
     9    § 2-e. Subdivision 1 of section 236 of the vehicle and traffic law, as
    10  amended by section 2-e of chapter 222 of the laws of 2015, is amended to
    11  read as follows:
    12    1. Creation. In any city as hereinbefore or hereafter authorized  such
    13  tribunal  when  created  shall be known as the parking violations bureau
    14  and where authorized by local law adopted pursuant to subdivision (a) of
    15  section eleven hundred eleven-e or subdivision  (a)  of  section  eleven
    16  hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter, shall have jurisdiction of traf-
    17  fic  infractions  which constitute a parking violation. For the purposes
    18  of this article, a parking violation is the violation of any  law,  rule
    19  or  regulation  providing  for  or  regulating  the parking, stopping or
    20  standing of a  vehicle.  In  addition  for  purposes  of  this  article,
    21  "commissioner" shall mean and include the commissioner of traffic of the
    22  city or an official possessing authority as such a commissioner.
    23    § 2-f. Subdivision 1 of section 236 of the vehicle and traffic law, as
    24  added by chapter 715 of the laws of 1972, is amended to read as follows:
    25    1.  Creation. In any city as hereinbefore or hereafter authorized such
    26  tribunal when created shall be known as the  parking  violations  bureau
    27  and where authorized by local law adopted pursuant to subdivision (a) of
    28  section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter, shall have juris-
    29  diction of traffic infractions which constitute a parking violation. For
    30  the  purposes  of  this article, a parking violation is the violation of
    31  any law, rule or regulation providing for  or  regulating  the  parking,
    32  stopping  or  standing  of  a  vehicle. In addition for purposes of this
    33  article, "commissioner" shall mean and include the commissioner of traf-
    34  fic of the city or an official possessing authority as  such  a  commis-
    35  sioner.
    36    § 3. Section 237 of the vehicle and traffic law is amended by adding a
    37  new subdivision 16 to read as follows:
    38    16.  To  adjudicate  the liability of owners for violations of section
    39  eleven hundred seventy-four of this chapter in accordance  with  section
    40  eleven  hundred  seventy-four-a  of this chapter, if authorized by local
    41  law adopted pursuant to subdivision (a) of such section  eleven  hundred
    42  seventy-four-a.
    43    §  4.  Paragraph  f of subdivision 1 of section 239 of the vehicle and
    44  traffic law, as amended by section 4 of chapter 222 of the laws of 2015,
    45  is amended to read as follows:
    46    f. "Notice of violation" means a notice of  violation  as  defined  in
    47  subdivision  nine  of  section two hundred thirty-seven of this article,
    48  but shall not be deemed to include a notice of liability issued pursuant
    49  to authorization set forth in section eleven hundred  eleven-a  of  this
    50  chapter, or sections eleven hundred eleven-b of this chapter as added by
    51  sections sixteen of chapters twenty, [twenty-one,] and twenty-two of the
    52  laws  of  two  thousand nine, or section eleven hundred eleven-d of this
    53  chapter, or section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter, or  section
    54  eleven  hundred  seventy-four-a of this chapter, and shall not be deemed
    55  to include a notice of liability issued pursuant to section two thousand
    56  nine hundred eighty-five of the  public  authorities  law  and  sections

        A. 4950--B                          9
 
     1  sixteen-a, sixteen-b and sixteen-c of chapter seven hundred seventy-four
     2  of the laws of nineteen hundred fifty and shall not be deemed to include
     3  a notice of liability issued pursuant to section eleven hundred eleven-c
     4  of this chapter and shall not be deemed to include a notice of liability
     5  issued pursuant to section eleven hundred eighty-b of this chapter.
     6    §  4-a. Paragraph f of subdivision 1 of section 239 of the vehicle and
     7  traffic law, as amended by section 4-a of chapter 222  of  the  laws  of
     8  2015, is amended to read as follows:
     9    f.  "Notice  of  violation"  means a notice of violation as defined in
    10  subdivision nine of section two hundred thirty-seven of this article but
    11  shall not be deemed to include a notice of liability issued pursuant  to
    12  authorization  set  forth  in  sections  eleven hundred eleven-b of this
    13  chapter as added by sections sixteen of chapters  twenty,  [twenty-one,]
    14  and  twenty-two  of  the  laws  of  two  thousand nine or section eleven
    15  hundred eleven-d of this chapter or section eleven hundred  eleven-e  of
    16  this  chapter  or  section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter
    17  and shall not be deemed to include a notice of liability issued pursuant
    18  to section eleven hundred eleven-c of this  chapter  and  shall  not  be
    19  deemed to include a notice of liability issued pursuant to section elev-
    20  en hundred eighty-b of this chapter.
    21    §  4-b. Paragraph f of subdivision 1 of section 239 of the vehicle and
    22  traffic law, as amended by section 4-b of chapter 222  of  the  laws  of
    23  2015, is amended to read as follows:
    24    f.  "Notice  of  violation"  means a notice of violation as defined in
    25  subdivision nine of section two hundred thirty-seven of this article and
    26  shall not be deemed to include a notice of liability issued pursuant  to
    27  authorization set forth in section eleven hundred eleven-d of this chap-
    28  ter  or  to  a  notice of liability issued pursuant to authorization set
    29  forth in section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter or to a  notice
    30  of liability issued pursuant to authorization set forth in section elev-
    31  en  hundred  seventy-four-a  of  this chapter and shall not be deemed to
    32  include a notice of liability issued pursuant to section eleven  hundred
    33  eleven-c  of this chapter and shall not be deemed to include a notice of
    34  liability issued pursuant to section eleven  hundred  eighty-b  of  this
    35  chapter.
    36    §  4-c. Paragraph f of subdivision 1 of section 239 of the vehicle and
    37  traffic law, as amended by section 4-c of chapter 222  of  the  laws  of
    38  2015, is amended to read as follows:
    39    f.  "Notice  of  violation"  means a notice of violation as defined in
    40  subdivision nine of section two hundred thirty-seven of this article and
    41  shall not be deemed to include a notice of liability issued pursuant  to
    42  authorization set forth in section eleven hundred eleven-d of this chap-
    43  ter  or  to  a  notice of liability issued pursuant to authorization set
    44  forth in section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter or to a  notice
    45  of liability issued pursuant to authorization set forth in section elev-
    46  en  hundred  seventy-four-a  of  this chapter and shall not be deemed to
    47  include a notice of liability issued pursuant to section eleven  hundred
    48  eighty-b of this chapter.
    49    §  4-d. Paragraph f of subdivision 1 of section 239 of the vehicle and
    50  traffic law, as amended by section 4-d of chapter 222  of  the  laws  of
    51  2015, is amended to read as follows:
    52    f.  "Notice  of  violation"  means a notice of violation as defined in
    53  subdivision nine of section two hundred thirty-seven of this article and
    54  shall not be deemed to include a notice of liability issued pursuant  to
    55  authorization set forth in section eleven hundred eleven-d of this chap-
    56  ter  or  to  a  notice of liability issued pursuant to authorization set

        A. 4950--B                         10
 
     1  forth in section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter or to a  notice
     2  of liability issued pursuant to authorization set forth in section elev-
     3  en hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter.
     4    §  4-e. Paragraph f of subdivision 1 of section 239 of the vehicle and
     5  traffic law, as amended by section 4-e of chapter 222  of  the  laws  of
     6  2015, is amended to read as follows:
     7    f.  "Notice  of  violation"  means a notice of violation as defined in
     8  subdivision nine of section two hundred thirty-seven of this article and
     9  shall not be deemed to include a notice of liability issued pursuant  to
    10  authorization set forth in section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chap-
    11  ter  or  to  a  notice of liability issued pursuant to authorization set
    12  forth in section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter.
    13    § 4-f. Paragraph f of subdivision 1 of section 239 of the vehicle  and
    14  traffic  law, as added by chapter 180 of the laws of 1980, is amended to
    15  read as follows:
    16    f. "Notice of violation" means a notice of  violation  as  defined  in
    17  subdivision nine of section two hundred thirty-seven of this article and
    18  shall  not be deemed to include a notice of liability issued pursuant to
    19  authorization set forth in section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this
    20  chapter.
    21    § 5. Subdivisions 1 and 1-a of section 240 of the vehicle and  traffic
    22  law,  as  amended  by  section 5 of chapter 222 of the laws of 2015, are
    23  amended to read as follows:
    24    1. Notice of  hearing.  Whenever  a  person  charged  with  a  parking
    25  violation  enters  a plea of not guilty or a person alleged to be liable
    26  in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-a of  this  chapter  or
    27  sections  eleven  hundred  eleven-b of this chapter as added by sections
    28  sixteen of chapters twenty, [twenty-one,] and twenty-two of the laws  of
    29  two thousand nine or section eleven hundred eleven-d of this chapter, or
    30  section  eleven  hundred  eleven-e  of  this  chapter, or section eleven
    31  hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter, for a violation  of  subdivision
    32  (d) of section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter contests such alle-
    33  gation,  or  a  person  alleged  to  be  liable  in  accordance with the
    34  provisions of section two  thousand  nine  hundred  eighty-five  of  the
    35  public authorities law or sections sixteen-a, sixteen-b and sixteen-c of
    36  chapter  seven  hundred  seventy-four  of  the  laws of nineteen hundred
    37  fifty, or  a  person  alleged  to  be  liable  in  accordance  with  the
    38  provisions  of  section  eleven  hundred  eleven-c of this chapter for a
    39  violation of a bus lane restriction as defined in such section  contests
    40  such allegation, or a person alleged to be liable in accordance with the
    41  provisions  of  section  eleven  hundred  eighty-b of this chapter for a
    42  violation of subdivision (b), (c), (d), (f) or  (g)  of  section  eleven
    43  hundred  eighty  of  this  chapter  contests such allegation, the bureau
    44  shall advise such person personally by such form of first class mail  as
    45  the  director  may  direct of the date on which he or she must appear to
    46  answer the charge at a hearing. The form and content of such  notice  of
    47  hearing shall be prescribed by the director, and shall contain a warning
    48  to advise the person so pleading or contesting that failure to appear on
    49  the  date  designated,  or  on  any  subsequent adjourned date, shall be
    50  deemed an admission of liability, and that a  default  judgment  may  be
    51  entered thereon.
    52    1-a.  Fines  and  penalties.  Whenever  a  plea of not guilty has been
    53  entered, or the bureau has been notified that an allegation of liability
    54  in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-a of  this  chapter  or
    55  sections  eleven  hundred  eleven-b of this chapter as added by sections
    56  sixteen of chapters twenty, [twenty-one,] and twenty-two of the laws  of

        A. 4950--B                         11

     1  two  thousand nine or section eleven hundred eleven-d of this chapter or
     2  section eleven hundred  eleven-e  of  this  chapter  or  section  eleven
     3  hundred  seventy-four-a of this chapter or an allegation of liability in
     4  accordance  with  section  two  thousand nine hundred eighty-five of the
     5  public authorities law or sections sixteen-a, sixteen-b and sixteen-c of
     6  chapter seven hundred seventy-four of the laws of nineteen hundred fifty
     7  or an allegation of liability in accordance with section eleven  hundred
     8  eleven-c  of  this  chapter  or an allegation of liability in accordance
     9  with  section  eleven  hundred  eighty-b  of  this  chapter,  is   being
    10  contested, by a person in a timely fashion and a hearing upon the merits
    11  has been demanded, but has not yet been held, the bureau shall not issue
    12  any  notice  of  fine or penalty to that person prior to the date of the
    13  hearing.
    14    § 5-a. Subdivisions 1 and 1-a of section 240 of the vehicle and  traf-
    15  fic  law,  as amended by section 5-a of chapter 222 of the laws of 2015,
    16  are amended to read as follows:
    17    1. Notice of  hearing.  Whenever  a  person  charged  with  a  parking
    18  violation  enters  a plea of not guilty or a person alleged to be liable
    19  in accordance with sections eleven hundred eleven-b of this  chapter  as
    20  added  by sections sixteen of chapters twenty, [twenty-one,] and twenty-
    21  two of the laws of two thousand nine or section eleven hundred  eleven-d
    22  of  this  chapter  or section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter or
    23  section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter for a violation of
    24  subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter,  or  a
    25  person alleged to be liable in accordance with the provisions of section
    26  eleven  hundred  eleven-c  of this chapter for a violation of a bus lane
    27  restriction as defined in such section contests such  allegation,  or  a
    28  person alleged to be liable in accordance with the provisions of section
    29  eleven  hundred  eighty-b  of this chapter for violations of subdivision
    30  (b), (c), (d), (f) or (g) of section eleven hundred eighty of this chap-
    31  ter contests such  allegation,  the  bureau  shall  advise  such  person
    32  personally  by  such form of first class mail as the director may direct
    33  of the date on which he or she must appear to answer  the  charge  at  a
    34  hearing.  The  form  and  content  of  such  notice  of hearing shall be
    35  prescribed by the director, and shall contain a warning  to  advise  the
    36  person  so  pleading  or  contesting  that failure to appear on the date
    37  designated, or on any subsequent adjourned  date,  shall  be  deemed  an
    38  admission of liability, and that a default judgment may be entered ther-
    39  eon.
    40    1-a.  Fines  and  penalties.  Whenever  a  plea of not guilty has been
    41  entered, or the bureau has been notified that an allegation of liability
    42  in accordance with sections eleven hundred eleven-b of this chapter,  as
    43  added  by sections sixteen of chapters twenty, [twenty-one,] and twenty-
    44  two of the laws of two thousand nine or in accordance with section elev-
    45  en hundred eleven-d of this chapter, or in accordance with section elev-
    46  en  hundred  eleven-e  of  this  chapter  or  section   eleven   hundred
    47  seventy-four-a  of this chapter or an allegation of liability in accord-
    48  ance with section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter or an  allega-
    49  tion  of liability in accordance with section eleven hundred eighty-b of
    50  this chapter is being contested, by a person in a timely fashion  and  a
    51  hearing  upon  the  merits has been demanded, but has not yet been held,
    52  the bureau shall not issue any notice of fine or penalty to that  person
    53  prior to the date of the hearing.
    54    §  5-b. Subdivisions 1 and 1-a of section 240 of the vehicle and traf-
    55  fic law, as amended by section 5-b of chapter 222 of the laws  of  2015,
    56  are amended to read as follows:

        A. 4950--B                         12
 
     1    1.  Notice  of  hearing.  Whenever  a  person  charged  with a parking
     2  violation enters a plea of not guilty or a person alleged to  be  liable
     3  in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-d of this chapter or in
     4  accordance  with  section  eleven  hundred  eleven-e  of this chapter or
     5  section  eleven  hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter or in accordance
     6  with the provisions of section eleven hundred eleven-c of  this  chapter
     7  for  a  violation  of a bus lane restriction as defined in such section,
     8  contests such allegation, or a person alleged to be liable in accordance
     9  with the provisions of section eleven hundred eighty-b of  this  chapter
    10  for violations of subdivision (b), (c), (d), (f) or (g) of section elev-
    11  en  hundred  eighty of this chapter contests such allegation, the bureau
    12  shall advise such person personally by such form of first class mail  as
    13  the  director  may  direct of the date on which he or she must appear to
    14  answer the charge at a hearing. The form and content of such  notice  of
    15  hearing shall be prescribed by the director, and shall contain a warning
    16  to  advise  the  person  so  pleading that failure to appear on the date
    17  designated, or on any subsequent adjourned  date,  shall  be  deemed  an
    18  admission of liability, and that a default judgment may be entered ther-
    19  eon.
    20    1-a.  Fines  and  penalties.  Whenever  a  plea of not guilty has been
    21  entered, or the bureau has been notified that an allegation of liability
    22  in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-d of this chapter or in
    23  accordance with section eleven  hundred  eleven-e  of  this  chapter  or
    24  section  eleven  hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter or in accordance
    25  with section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter or an allegation of
    26  liability in accordance with section eleven  hundred  eighty-b  of  this
    27  chapter  is being contested, by a person in a timely fashion and a hear-
    28  ing upon the merits has been demanded, but has not yet  been  held,  the
    29  bureau  shall  not  issue  any  notice of fine or penalty to that person
    30  prior to the date of the hearing.
    31    § 5-c. Subdivisions 1 and 1-a of section 240 of the vehicle and  traf-
    32  fic  law,  as amended by section 5-c of chapter 222 of the laws of 2015,
    33  are amended to read as follows:
    34    1. Notice of  hearing.  Whenever  a  person  charged  with  a  parking
    35  violation  enters a plea of not guilty, or a person alleged to be liable
    36  in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-d of this chapter, or a
    37  person alleged to be liable in accordance with  section  eleven  hundred
    38  eleven-e of this chapter, or a person alleged to be liable in accordance
    39  with  section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter, or a person
    40  alleged to be liable in accordance with the provisions of section eleven
    41  hundred eighty-b of this chapter for violations of subdivision (b), (c),
    42  (d), (f) or (g)  of  section  eleven  hundred  eighty  of  this  chapter
    43  contests such allegation, the bureau shall advise such person personally
    44  by  such form of first class mail as the director may direct of the date
    45  on which he or she must appear to answer the charge at  a  hearing.  The
    46  form  and  content  of such notice of hearing shall be prescribed by the
    47  director, and shall contain a warning to advise the person  so  pleading
    48  that  failure  to  appear  on  the date designated, or on any subsequent
    49  adjourned date, shall be deemed an admission of liability,  and  that  a
    50  default judgment may be entered thereon.
    51    1-a.  Fines  and  penalties.  Whenever  a  plea of not guilty has been
    52  entered, or the bureau has been notified that an allegation of liability
    53  in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-d of this  chapter,  or
    54  the  bureau has been notified that an allegation of liability in accord-
    55  ance with section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter, or the bureau
    56  has been notified that an allegation of  liability  in  accordance  with

        A. 4950--B                         13
 
     1  section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter, or the bureau has
     2  been notified that an allegation of liability in accordance with section
     3  eleven hundred eighty-b of this chapter, is being contested, by a person
     4  in a timely fashion and a hearing upon the merits has been demanded, but
     5  has  not yet been held, the bureau shall not issue any notice of fine or
     6  penalty to that person prior to the date of the hearing.
     7    § 5-d. Subdivisions 1 and 1-a of section 240 of the vehicle and  traf-
     8  fic  law,  as amended by section 5-d of chapter 222 of the laws of 2015,
     9  are amended to read as follows:
    10    1. Notice of  hearing.  Whenever  a  person  charged  with  a  parking
    11  violation  enters a plea of not guilty, or a person alleged to be liable
    12  in accordance with section  eleven  hundred  eleven-d  of  this  chapter
    13  contests such allegation, or a person alleged to be liable in accordance
    14  with section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter contests such alle-
    15  gation,  or  a  person  alleged  to be liable in accordance with section
    16  eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter contests such  allegation,
    17  the  bureau  shall  advise  such person personally by such form of first
    18  class mail as the director may direct of the date on  which  he  or  she
    19  must  appear  to answer the charge at a hearing. The form and content of
    20  such notice of hearing shall be prescribed by the  director,  and  shall
    21  contain  a  warning  to  advise  the  person so pleading that failure to
    22  appear on the date designated, or  on  any  subsequent  adjourned  date,
    23  shall  be  deemed an admission of liability, and that a default judgment
    24  may be entered thereon.
    25    1-a. Fines and penalties. Whenever a  plea  of  not  guilty  has  been
    26  entered, or the bureau has been notified that an allegation of liability
    27  in  accordance  with section eleven hundred eleven-d of this chapter, is
    28  being contested, or the bureau has been notified that an  allegation  of
    29  liability  in  accordance  with  section eleven hundred eleven-e of this
    30  chapter, is being contested, or the bureau has  been  notified  that  an
    31  allegation of liability in accordance with section eleven hundred seven-
    32  ty-four-a  of  this chapter, is being contested, by a person in a timely
    33  fashion and a hearing upon the merits has been demanded, but has not yet
    34  been held, the bureau shall not issue any notice of fine or  penalty  to
    35  that person prior to the date of the hearing.
    36    §  5-e. Subdivisions 1 and 1-a of section 240 of the vehicle and traf-
    37  fic law, as amended by section 5-e of chapter 222 of the laws  of  2015,
    38  are amended to read as follows:
    39    1.  Notice  of  hearing.  Whenever  a  person  charged  with a parking
    40  violation enters a plea of not guilty, or a person alleged to be  liable
    41  in  accordance  with  section  eleven  hundred  eleven-e of this chapter
    42  contests such allegation, or a person alleged to be liable in accordance
    43  with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter contests such
    44  allegation, the bureau shall advise such person personally by such  form
    45  of  first  class mail as the director may direct of the date on which he
    46  or she must appear to answer the charge  at  a  hearing.  The  form  and
    47  content  of  such notice of hearing shall be prescribed by the director,
    48  and shall contain a warning to advise the person so pleading that  fail-
    49  ure  to  appear  on  the date designated, or on any subsequent adjourned
    50  date, shall be deemed an admission of  liability,  and  that  a  default
    51  judgment may be entered thereon.
    52    1-a.  Fines  and  penalties.  Whenever  a  plea of not guilty has been
    53  entered, or the bureau has been notified that an allegation of liability
    54  in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-e of this  chapter,  is
    55  being  contested,  or the bureau has been notified that an allegation of
    56  liability in accordance with section eleven  hundred  seventy-four-a  of

        A. 4950--B                         14
 
     1  this  chapter, is being contested, by a person in a timely fashion and a
     2  hearing upon the merits has been demanded, but has not  yet  been  held,
     3  the  bureau shall not issue any notice of fine or penalty to that person
     4  prior to the date of the hearing.
     5    §  5-f. Subdivisions 1 and 1-a of section 240 of the vehicle and traf-
     6  fic law, subdivision 1 as added by chapter 715 of the laws of  1972  and
     7  subdivision 1-a as added by chapter 365 of the laws of 1978, are amended
     8  to read as follows:
     9    1.  Notice  of  hearing.  Whenever  a  person  charged  with a parking
    10  violation enters a plea of not guilty, or a person alleged to be  liable
    11  in accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter
    12  contests such allegation, the bureau shall advise such person personally
    13  by  such form of first class mail as the director may direct of the date
    14  on which he or she must appear to answer the charge at  a  hearing.  The
    15  form  and  content  of such notice of hearing shall be prescribed by the
    16  director, and shall contain a warning to advise the person  so  pleading
    17  that  failure  to  appear  on  the date designated, or on any subsequent
    18  adjourned date, shall be deemed an admission of liability,  and  that  a
    19  default judgment may be entered thereon.
    20    1-a.  Fines  and  penalties.  Whenever  a  plea of not guilty has been
    21  entered, or the bureau has been notified that an allegation of liability
    22  in accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of  this  chap-
    23  ter,  is  being contested, by a person in a timely fashion and a hearing
    24  upon the merits has been demanded, but has not yet been held, the bureau
    25  shall not issue any notice of fine or penalty to that  person  prior  to
    26  the date of the hearing.
    27    § 6. Paragraphs a and g of subdivision 2 of section 240 of the vehicle
    28  and  traffic  law, as amended by section 6 of chapter 222 of the laws of
    29  2015, are amended to read as follows:
    30    a. Every hearing for the adjudication of a charge of parking violation
    31  or an allegation of liability in accordance with section eleven  hundred
    32  eleven-a  of  this chapter or in accordance with sections eleven hundred
    33  eleven-b of this chapter as added by sections sixteen of chapters  twen-
    34  ty,  [twenty-one,] and twenty-two of the laws of two thousand nine or in
    35  accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-d of this  chapter  or  in
    36  accordance  with  section  eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter or in
    37  accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter or
    38  an allegation of liability in accordance with section two thousand  nine
    39  hundred eighty-five of the public authorities law or sections sixteen-a,
    40  sixteen-b  and  sixteen-c  of  chapter seven hundred seventy-four of the
    41  laws of nineteen hundred fifty or an allegation of liability in  accord-
    42  ance  with section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter or an allega-
    43  tion of liability in accordance with section eleven hundred eighty-b  of
    44  this chapter, shall be held before a hearing examiner in accordance with
    45  rules and regulations promulgated by the bureau.
    46    g. A record shall be made of a hearing on a plea of not guilty or of a
    47  hearing  at  which  liability  in accordance with section eleven hundred
    48  eleven-a of this chapter or in accordance with sections  eleven  hundred
    49  eleven-b  of this chapter as added by sections sixteen of chapters twen-
    50  ty, [twenty-one,] and twenty-two of the laws of two thousand nine or  in
    51  accordance  with  section  eleven  hundred  eleven-d  of this chapter is
    52  contested or in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-e of  this
    53  chapter is contested or in accordance with section eleven hundred seven-
    54  ty-four-a  of this chapter is contested or of a hearing at which liabil-
    55  ity in accordance with section two thousand nine hundred eighty-five  of
    56  the   public  authorities  law  or  sections  sixteen-a,  sixteen-b  and

        A. 4950--B                         15
 
     1  sixteen-c of chapter seven hundred seventy-four of the laws of  nineteen
     2  hundred fifty is contested or of a hearing at which liability in accord-
     3  ance  with  section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter or a hearing
     4  at which liability in accordance with section eleven hundred eighty-b of
     5  this  chapter is contested. Recording devices may be used for the making
     6  of the record.
     7    § 6-a. Paragraphs a and g of subdivision 2 of section 240 of the vehi-
     8  cle and traffic law, as amended by section 6-a of  chapter  222  of  the
     9  laws of 2015, are amended to read as follows:
    10    a. Every hearing for the adjudication of a charge of parking violation
    11  or an allegation of liability in accordance with sections eleven hundred
    12  eleven-b of this chapter, as added by sections sixteen of chapters twen-
    13  ty,  [twenty-one,] and twenty-two of the laws of two thousand nine or in
    14  accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-d of this  chapter  or  in
    15  accordance  with  section  eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter or in
    16  accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter or
    17  an allegation of liability in accordance  with  section  eleven  hundred
    18  eleven-c  of  this  chapter  or an allegation of liability in accordance
    19  with section eleven hundred eighty-b of  this  chapter,  shall  be  held
    20  before  a  hearing  examiner  in  accordance  with rules and regulations
    21  promulgated by the bureau.
    22    g. A record shall be made of a hearing on a plea of not guilty or of a
    23  hearing at which liability in accordance with  sections  eleven  hundred
    24  eleven-b of this chapter, as added by sections sixteen of chapters twen-
    25  ty,  [twenty-one,] and twenty-two of the laws of two thousand nine or in
    26  accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-d of this  chapter  or  in
    27  accordance  with  section  eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter or in
    28  accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter or
    29  of a hearing at  which  liability  in  accordance  with  section  eleven
    30  hundred  eleven-c  of  this  chapter  or a hearing at which liability in
    31  accordance with section eleven  hundred  eighty-b  of  this  chapter  is
    32  contested.  Recording devices may be used for the making of the record.
    33    § 6-b. Paragraphs a and g of subdivision 2 of section 240 of the vehi-
    34  cle  and  traffic  law,  as amended by section 6-b of chapter 222 of the
    35  laws of 2015, are amended to read as follows:
    36    a. Every hearing for the adjudication of a charge of parking violation
    37  or an allegation of liability in accordance with section eleven  hundred
    38  seventy-four-a  of this chapter or an allegation of liability in accord-
    39  ance with section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter or an  allega-
    40  tion  of liability in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-d of
    41  this chapter or an allegation of liability in  accordance  with  section
    42  eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter or an allegation of liability in
    43  accordance with section eleven hundred eighty-b of this chapter shall be
    44  held  before a hearing examiner in accordance with rules and regulations
    45  promulgated by the bureau.
    46    g. A record shall be made of a hearing on a plea of not guilty or of a
    47  hearing at which liability in accordance  with  section  eleven  hundred
    48  seventy-four-a  of  this  chapter  or of a hearing at which liability in
    49  accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter or of  a
    50  hearing  at  which  liability  in accordance with section eleven hundred
    51  eleven-d of this chapter or of a hearing at which liability  in  accord-
    52  ance  with  section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter or a hearing
    53  at which liability in accordance with section eleven hundred eighty-b of
    54  this chapter is contested.  Recording devices may be used for the making
    55  of the record.

        A. 4950--B                         16
 
     1    § 6-c. Paragraphs a and g of subdivision 2 of section 240 of the vehi-
     2  cle and traffic law, as amended by section 6-c of  chapter  222  of  the
     3  laws of 2015, are amended to read as follows:
     4    a. Every hearing for the adjudication of a charge of parking violation
     5  or  an allegation of liability in accordance with section eleven hundred
     6  seventy-four-a of this chapter or an allegation of liability in  accord-
     7  ance  with section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter or an allega-
     8  tion of liability in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-d  of
     9  this  chapter  or  an allegation of liability in accordance with section
    10  eleven hundred eighty-b of this chapter shall be held before  a  hearing
    11  examiner  in  accordance  with  rules and regulations promulgated by the
    12  bureau.
    13    g. A record shall be made of a hearing on a plea of not guilty or of a
    14  hearing at which liability in accordance  with  section  eleven  hundred
    15  seventy-four-a  of  this  chapter  or of a hearing at which liability in
    16  accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter or of  a
    17  hearing  at  which  liability  in accordance with section eleven hundred
    18  eleven-d of this chapter or a hearing at which liability  in  accordance
    19  with  section  eleven  hundred  eighty-b  of  this chapter is contested.
    20  Recording devices may be used for the making of the record.
    21    § 6-d. Paragraphs a and g of subdivision 2 of section 240 of the vehi-
    22  cle and traffic law, as amended by section 6-d of  chapter  222  of  the
    23  laws of 2015, are amended to read as follows:
    24    a. Every hearing for the adjudication of a charge of parking violation
    25  or  an allegation of liability in accordance with section eleven hundred
    26  seventy-four-a of this chapter or an allegation of liability in  accord-
    27  ance  with section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter or an allega-
    28  tion of liability in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-d  of
    29  this  chapter shall be held before a hearing examiner in accordance with
    30  rules and regulations promulgated by the bureau.
    31    g. A record shall be made of a hearing on a plea of not  guilty  or  a
    32  hearing  at  which  liability  in accordance with section eleven hundred
    33  eleven-d of this chapter is contested or of a hearing at which liability
    34  in accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter
    35  or a hearing at  which  liability  in  accordance  with  section  eleven
    36  hundred  eleven-e of this chapter is contested. Recording devices may be
    37  used for the making of the record.
    38    § 6-e. Paragraphs a and g of subdivision 2 of section 240 of the vehi-
    39  cle and traffic law, as amended by section 6-e of  chapter  222  of  the
    40  laws of 2015, are amended to read as follows:
    41    a. Every hearing for the adjudication of a charge of parking violation
    42  or  an allegation of liability in accordance with section eleven hundred
    43  eleven-e of this chapter or an allegation  of  liability  in  accordance
    44  with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter shall be held
    45  before  a  hearing  examiner  in  accordance  with rules and regulations
    46  promulgated by the bureau.
    47    g. A record shall be made of a hearing on a plea of not  guilty  or  a
    48  hearing  at  which  liability  in accordance with section eleven hundred
    49  eleven-e of this chapter is contested or a hearing at which liability in
    50  accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter is
    51  contested.  Recording devices may be used for the making of the record.
    52    § 6-f. Paragraphs a and g of subdivision 2 of section 240 of the vehi-
    53  cle and traffic law, as added by chapter 715 of the laws  of  1972,  are
    54  amended to read as follows:
    55    a. Every hearing for the adjudication of a charge of parking violation
    56  or  an allegation of liability in accordance with section eleven hundred

        A. 4950--B                         17
 
     1  seventy-four-a of this chapter shall be held before a  hearing  examiner
     2  in accordance with rules and regulations promulgated by the bureau.
     3    g.  A  record  shall be made of a hearing on a plea of not guilty or a
     4  hearing at which liability in accordance  with  section  eleven  hundred
     5  seventy-four-a  of  this chapter is contested.  Recording devices may be
     6  used for the making of the record.
     7    § 7. Subdivisions 1 and 2 of section 241 of the  vehicle  and  traffic
     8  law,  as  amended  by  section 7 of chapter 222 of the laws of 2015, are
     9  amended to read as follows:
    10    1. The hearing examiner shall make a  determination  on  the  charges,
    11  either  sustaining or dismissing them. Where the hearing examiner deter-
    12  mines that the charges have been sustained he or she may examine  either
    13  the  prior  parking  violations  record  or  the  record  of liabilities
    14  incurred in accordance with section  eleven  hundred  eleven-a  of  this
    15  chapter  or  in accordance with sections eleven hundred eleven-b of this
    16  chapter as added by sections sixteen of chapters  twenty,  [twenty-one,]
    17  and  twenty-two  of  the laws of two thousand nine or in accordance with
    18  section eleven hundred eleven-d of this chapter or  in  accordance  with
    19  section  eleven  hundred  eleven-e of this chapter or in accordance with
    20  section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter or the  record  of
    21  liabilities  incurred  in  accordance  with  section  two  thousand nine
    22  hundred eighty-five of the public authorities law or sections sixteen-a,
    23  sixteen-b and sixteen-c of chapter seven  hundred  seventy-four  of  the
    24  laws  of  nineteen hundred fifty of the person charged, or the record of
    25  liabilities incurred in accordance with section eleven hundred  eleven-c
    26  of  this  chapter,  or  the record of liabilities incurred in accordance
    27  with section eleven hundred eighty-b  of  this  chapter,  as  applicable
    28  prior  to rendering a final determination. Final determinations sustain-
    29  ing or dismissing charges shall be entered on a final determination roll
    30  maintained by the bureau  together  with  records  showing  payment  and
    31  nonpayment of penalties.
    32    2.  Where  an operator or owner fails to enter a plea to a charge of a
    33  parking violation or contest an allegation of  liability  in  accordance
    34  with  section  eleven  hundred eleven-a of this chapter or in accordance
    35  with sections eleven hundred  eleven-b  of  this  chapter  as  added  by
    36  sections sixteen of chapters twenty, [twenty-one,] and twenty-two of the
    37  laws  of  two thousand nine or in accordance with section eleven hundred
    38  eleven-d of this chapter or in accordance with  section  eleven  hundred
    39  eleven-e  of  this  chapter or in accordance with section eleven hundred
    40  seventy-four-a of this chapter or fails  to  contest  an  allegation  of
    41  liability  in  accordance with section two thousand nine hundred eighty-
    42  five of the public authorities law or sections sixteen-a, sixteen-b  and
    43  sixteen-c  of chapter seven hundred seventy-four of the laws of nineteen
    44  hundred fifty, or fails to contest an allegation of liability in accord-
    45  ance with section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter  or  fails  to
    46  contest  an  allegation  of  liability in accordance with section eleven
    47  hundred eighty-b of this chapter or fails  to  appear  on  a  designated
    48  hearing  date  or  subsequent adjourned date or fails after a hearing to
    49  comply with the determination of a hearing examiner,  as  prescribed  by
    50  this  article  or  by  rule or regulation of the bureau, such failure to
    51  plead or contest, appear or comply shall be deemed, for all purposes, an
    52  admission of liability and shall be grounds for rendering and entering a
    53  default judgment in an amount provided by the rules and  regulations  of
    54  the   bureau.  However,  after  the  expiration  of  the  original  date
    55  prescribed for entering a plea and before  a  default  judgment  may  be
    56  rendered,  in  such  case  the  bureau  shall pursuant to the applicable

        A. 4950--B                         18
 
     1  provisions of law notify such operator or owner, by such form  of  first
     2  class  mail  as the commission may direct; (1) of the violation charged,
     3  or liability in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-a of  this
     4  chapter  or  in accordance with sections eleven hundred eleven-b of this
     5  chapter as added by sections sixteen of chapters  twenty,  [twenty-one,]
     6  and  twenty-two  of  the laws of two thousand nine or in accordance with
     7  section eleven hundred eleven-d of this chapter or  in  accordance  with
     8  section  eleven  hundred  eleven-e of this chapter or in accordance with
     9  section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter alleged or liabil-
    10  ity in accordance with section two thousand nine hundred eighty-five  of
    11  the   public  authorities  law  or  sections  sixteen-a,  sixteen-b  and
    12  sixteen-c of chapter seven hundred seventy-four of the laws of  nineteen
    13  hundred  fifty  alleged  or  liability in accordance with section eleven
    14  hundred eleven-c of this chapter or liability in accordance with section
    15  eleven hundred eighty-b of this chapter alleged, (2)  of  the  impending
    16  default  judgment,  (3)  that such judgment will be entered in the Civil
    17  Court of the city in which the bureau has  been  established,  or  other
    18  court of civil jurisdiction or any other place provided for the entry of
    19  civil judgments within the state of New York, and (4) that a default may
    20  be  avoided  by entering a plea or contesting an allegation of liability
    21  in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-a of this chapter or in
    22  accordance with sections eleven hundred  eleven-b  of  this  chapter  as
    23  added  by sections sixteen of chapters twenty, [twenty-one,] and twenty-
    24  two of the laws of two thousand nine or in accordance with section elev-
    25  en hundred eleven-d of this chapter or in accordance with section eleven
    26  hundred eleven-e of this chapter or in accordance  with  section  eleven
    27  hundred  seventy-four-a  of  this chapter or contesting an allegation of
    28  liability in accordance with section two thousand nine  hundred  eighty-
    29  five  of the public authorities law or sections sixteen-a, sixteen-b and
    30  sixteen-c of chapter seven hundred seventy-four of the laws of  nineteen
    31  hundred  fifty  or  contesting  an allegation of liability in accordance
    32  with section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter  or  contesting  an
    33  allegation of liability in accordance with section eleven hundred eight-
    34  y-b  of  this  chapter,  as  appropriate, or making an appearance within
    35  thirty days of the sending of such notice. Pleas entered and allegations
    36  contested within that period shall be in the manner  prescribed  in  the
    37  notice  and  not  subject  to  additional penalty or fee. Such notice of
    38  impending default judgment shall not be required prior to the  rendering
    39  and  entry  thereof in the case of operators or owners who are non-resi-
    40  dents of the state of New York. In no case shall a default  judgment  be
    41  rendered  or,  where required, a notice of impending default judgment be
    42  sent, more than two years after the expiration of  the  time  prescribed
    43  for  entering  a  plea  or  contesting  an allegation. When a person has
    44  demanded a hearing, no fine or penalty shall be imposed for any  reason,
    45  prior  to the holding of the hearing. If the hearing examiner shall make
    46  a determination on the charges, sustaining them, he or she shall  impose
    47  no  greater  penalty  or  fine  than  those  upon  which  the person was
    48  originally charged.
    49    § 7-a. Subdivisions 1 and 2 of section 241 of the vehicle and  traffic
    50  law,  as  amended by section 7-a of chapter 222 of the laws of 2015, are
    51  amended to read as follows:
    52    1. The hearing examiner shall make a  determination  on  the  charges,
    53  either  sustaining or dismissing them. Where the hearing examiner deter-
    54  mines that the charges have been sustained he or she may examine  either
    55  the  prior  parking  violations  record  or  the  record  of liabilities
    56  incurred in accordance with sections eleven  hundred  eleven-b  of  this

        A. 4950--B                         19

     1  chapter  as  added by sections sixteen of chapters twenty, [twenty-one,]
     2  and twenty-two of the laws of two thousand nine or  in  accordance  with
     3  section  eleven  hundred  eleven-d of this chapter or in accordance with
     4  section  eleven  hundred  eleven-e of this chapter or in accordance with
     5  section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of  this  chapter  of  the  person
     6  charged,  or  the  record  of  liabilities  incurred  in accordance with
     7  section eleven hundred eleven-c  of  this  chapter,  or  the  record  of
     8  liabilities  incurred in accordance with section eleven hundred eighty-b
     9  of this chapter, as applicable prior to rendering a final determination.
    10  Final determinations sustaining or dismissing charges shall  be  entered
    11  on  a  final  determination  roll maintained by the bureau together with
    12  records showing payment and nonpayment of penalties.
    13    2. Where an operator or owner fails to enter a plea to a charge  of  a
    14  parking  violation  or  contest an allegation of liability in accordance
    15  with sections eleven hundred  eleven-b  of  this  chapter  as  added  by
    16  sections sixteen of chapters twenty, [twenty-one,] and twenty-two of the
    17  laws  of  two thousand nine or in accordance with section eleven hundred
    18  eleven-d of this chapter, or in accordance with section  eleven  hundred
    19  eleven-e  of  this chapter, or in accordance with section eleven hundred
    20  seventy-four-a of this chapter, or fails to  contest  an  allegation  of
    21  liability  in  accordance  with  section eleven hundred eleven-c of this
    22  chapter, or fails to contest an  allegation  of  liability  incurred  in
    23  accordance  with  section  eleven  hundred  eighty-b of this chapter, or
    24  fails to appear on a designated hearing  date  or  subsequent  adjourned
    25  date  or  fails  after  a  hearing to comply with the determination of a
    26  hearing examiner, as prescribed by this article or by rule or regulation
    27  of the bureau, such failure to plead, contest, appear or comply shall be
    28  deemed, for all purposes, an admission of liability and shall be grounds
    29  for rendering and entering a default judgment in an amount  provided  by
    30  the  rules  and regulations of the bureau. However, after the expiration
    31  of the original date prescribed for entering a plea and before a default
    32  judgment may be rendered, in such case the bureau shall pursuant to  the
    33  applicable provisions of law notify such operator or owner, by such form
    34  of  first  class mail as the commission may direct; (1) of the violation
    35  charged,  or  liability  in  accordance  with  sections  eleven  hundred
    36  eleven-b of this chapter, as added by sections sixteen of chapters twen-
    37  ty,  [twenty-one,] and twenty-two of the laws of two thousand nine or in
    38  accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-d of this chapter,  or  in
    39  accordance  with  section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter, or in
    40  accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of  this  chapter,
    41  or  liability in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-c of this
    42  chapter or liability in accordance with section eleven hundred  eighty-b
    43  of this chapter alleged, (2) of the impending default judgment, (3) that
    44  such  judgment  will  be entered in the Civil Court of the city in which
    45  the bureau has been established, or other court of civil jurisdiction or
    46  any other place provided for the entry of  civil  judgments  within  the
    47  state  of  New York, and (4) that a default may be avoided by entering a
    48  plea or  contesting  an  allegation  of  liability  in  accordance  with
    49  sections  eleven  hundred  eleven-b of this chapter as added by sections
    50  sixteen of chapters twenty, [twenty-one,] and twenty-two of the laws  of
    51  two  thousand nine or in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-d
    52  of this chapter or in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-e of
    53  this  chapter,  or   in   accordance   with   section   eleven   hundred
    54  seventy-four-a of this chapter, or contesting an allegation of liability
    55  in  accordance  with  section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter or
    56  contesting an allegation of liability in accordance with section  eleven

        A. 4950--B                         20

     1  hundred eighty-b of this chapter as appropriate, or making an appearance
     2  within  thirty  days  of  the  sending of such notice. Pleas entered and
     3  allegations  contested  within  that  period  shall  be  in  the  manner
     4  prescribed  in  the notice and not subject to additional penalty or fee.
     5  Such notice of impending default judgment shall not be required prior to
     6  the rendering and entry thereof in the case of operators or  owners  who
     7  are  non-residents  of the state of New York. In no case shall a default
     8  judgment be rendered or, where required, a notice of  impending  default
     9  judgment  be  sent, more than two years after the expiration of the time
    10  prescribed for entering a plea  or  contesting  an  allegation.  When  a
    11  person  has  demanded a hearing, no fine or penalty shall be imposed for
    12  any reason, prior to the holding of the hearing. If the hearing examiner
    13  shall make a determination on the charges, sustaining them,  he  or  she
    14  shall impose no greater penalty or fine than those upon which the person
    15  was originally charged.
    16    §  7-b. Subdivisions 1 and 2 of section 241 of the vehicle and traffic
    17  law, as amended by section 7-b of chapter 222 of the laws of  2015,  are
    18  amended to read as follows:
    19    1.  The  hearing  examiner  shall make a determination on the charges,
    20  either sustaining or dismissing them. Where the hearing examiner  deter-
    21  mines  that  the  charges  have been sustained he or she may examine the
    22  prior parking violations record or the record of liabilities incurred in
    23  accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter  of  the
    24  person charged, or the record of liabilities incurred in accordance with
    25  section  eleven  hundred  seventy-four-a  of  this chapter of the person
    26  charged, or the  record  of  liabilities  incurred  in  accordance  with
    27  section  eleven  hundred eleven-d of this chapter of the person charged,
    28  or the record of liabilities incurred in accordance with section  eleven
    29  hundred  eleven-c of this chapter, or the record of liabilities incurred
    30  in accordance with section eleven hundred eighty-b of this  chapter,  as
    31  applicable,  prior  to  rendering  a final determination. Final determi-
    32  nations sustaining or dismissing charges shall be  entered  on  a  final
    33  determination  roll maintained by the bureau together with records show-
    34  ing payment and nonpayment of penalties.
    35    2. Where an operator or owner fails to enter a plea to a charge  of  a
    36  parking  violation  or  contest an allegation of liability in accordance
    37  with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter,  or  contest
    38  an  allegation  of  liability  in accordance with section eleven hundred
    39  eleven-e of this chapter, or  contest  an  allegation  of  liability  in
    40  accordance  with  section  eleven  hundred  eleven-d of this chapter, or
    41  fails to contest an allegation of liability in accordance  with  section
    42  eleven  hundred eleven-c of this chapter, or fails to contest an allega-
    43  tion of liability incurred in accordance  with  section  eleven  hundred
    44  eighty-b  of  this  chapter,  or fails to appear on a designated hearing
    45  date or subsequent adjourned date or fails after  a  hearing  to  comply
    46  with  the  determination  of  a  hearing examiner, as prescribed by this
    47  article or by rule or regulation of the bureau, such failure  to  plead,
    48  appear  or  comply  shall  be  deemed, for all purposes, an admission of
    49  liability and shall be grounds for  rendering  and  entering  a  default
    50  judgment  in  an  amount  provided  by  the rules and regulations of the
    51  bureau. However, after the expiration of the  original  date  prescribed
    52  for  entering  a  plea and before a default judgment may be rendered, in
    53  such case the bureau shall pursuant to the applicable provisions of  law
    54  notify  such  operator or owner, by such form of first class mail as the
    55  commission may direct; (1) of the violation  charged,  or  liability  in
    56  accordance  with  section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter,

        A. 4950--B                         21
 
     1  or liability in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-e of  this
     2  chapter, or liability in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-d
     3  of  this chapter, or alleged liability in accordance with section eleven
     4  hundred eleven-c of this chapter or alleged liability in accordance with
     5  section  eleven  hundred  eighty-b of this chapter, (2) of the impending
     6  default judgment, (3) that such judgment will be entered  in  the  Civil
     7  Court  of  the  city  in which the bureau has been established, or other
     8  court of civil jurisdiction or any other place provided for the entry of
     9  civil judgments within the state of New York, and (4) that a default may
    10  be avoided by entering a plea or contesting an allegation  of  liability
    11  in accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter
    12  or  contesting  an  allegation  of  liability in accordance with section
    13  eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter or contesting an  allegation  of
    14  liability  in  accordance  with  section eleven hundred eleven-d of this
    15  chapter or contesting an allegation  of  liability  in  accordance  with
    16  section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter or contesting an allega-
    17  tion  of liability in accordance with section eleven hundred eighty-b of
    18  this chapter or making an appearance within thirty days of  the  sending
    19  of  such notice. Pleas entered within that period shall be in the manner
    20  prescribed in the notice and not subject to additional penalty  or  fee.
    21  Such notice of impending default judgment shall not be required prior to
    22  the  rendering  and entry thereof in the case of operators or owners who
    23  are non-residents of the state of New York. In no case shall  a  default
    24  judgment  be  rendered or, where required, a notice of impending default
    25  judgment be sent, more than two years after the expiration of  the  time
    26  prescribed  for  entering a plea.  When a person has demanded a hearing,
    27  no fine or penalty shall be imposed for any reason, prior to the holding
    28  of the hearing. If the hearing examiner shall make  a  determination  on
    29  the  charges, sustaining them, he or she shall impose no greater penalty
    30  or fine than those upon which the person was originally charged.
    31    § 7-c. Subdivisions 1 and 2 of section 241 of the vehicle and  traffic
    32  law,  as  amended by section 7-c of chapter 222 of the laws of 2015, are
    33  amended to read as follows:
    34    1. The hearing examiner shall make a  determination  on  the  charges,
    35  either  sustaining or dismissing them. Where the hearing examiner deter-
    36  mines that the charges have been sustained he or she may examine  either
    37  the  prior  parking  violations  record  or  the  record  of liabilities
    38  incurred in accordance with section  eleven  hundred  eleven-d  of  this
    39  chapter  of the person charged, or the record of liabilities incurred in
    40  accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter of
    41  the person charged, or the record of liabilities incurred in  accordance
    42  with  section  eleven  hundred  eleven-e  of  this chapter of the person
    43  charged or the record of liabilities incurred in accordance with section
    44  eleven hundred eighty-b of this chapter, as applicable, prior to render-
    45  ing a final determination. Final determinations sustaining or dismissing
    46  charges shall be entered on a final determination roll maintained by the
    47  bureau together with records showing payment and  nonpayment  of  penal-
    48  ties.
    49    2.  Where  an operator or owner fails to enter a plea to a charge of a
    50  parking violation or contest an allegation of  liability  in  accordance
    51  with  section  eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter, or contest
    52  an allegation of liability in accordance  with  section  eleven  hundred
    53  eleven-e  of  this  chapter  or  contest  an  allegation of liability in
    54  accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-d of this chapter or fails
    55  to contest an  allegation  of  liability  incurred  in  accordance  with
    56  section  eleven hundred eighty-b of this chapter or fails to appear on a

        A. 4950--B                         22
 
     1  designated hearing date or subsequent adjourned date or  fails  after  a
     2  hearing  to  comply  with  the  determination  of a hearing examiner, as
     3  prescribed by this article or by rule or regulation of the bureau,  such
     4  failure to plead, appear or comply shall be deemed, for all purposes, an
     5  admission of liability and shall be grounds for rendering and entering a
     6  default  judgment  in an amount provided by the rules and regulations of
     7  the  bureau.  However,  after  the  expiration  of  the  original   date
     8  prescribed  for  entering  a  plea  and before a default judgment may be
     9  rendered, in such case the  bureau  shall  pursuant  to  the  applicable
    10  provisions  of  law notify such operator or owner, by such form of first
    11  class mail as the commission may direct; (1) of the violation charged or
    12  liability in accordance with section eleven  hundred  seventy-four-a  of
    13  this  chapter  or  liability  in  accordance with section eleven hundred
    14  eleven-e of this chapter or liability in accordance with section  eleven
    15  hundred eleven-d of this chapter or liability in accordance with section
    16  eleven  hundred  eighty-b  of this chapter alleged, (2) of the impending
    17  default judgment, (3) that such judgment will be entered  in  the  Civil
    18  Court  of  the  city  in which the bureau has been established, or other
    19  court of civil jurisdiction or any other place provided for the entry of
    20  civil judgments within the state of New York, and (4) that a default may
    21  be avoided by entering a plea or contesting an allegation  of  liability
    22  in accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter
    23  or  contesting  an  allegation  of  liability in accordance with section
    24  eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter or contesting an  allegation  of
    25  liability  in  accordance  with  section eleven hundred eleven-d of this
    26  chapter or contesting an allegation  of  liability  in  accordance  with
    27  section  eleven hundred eighty-b of this chapter or making an appearance
    28  within thirty days of the sending of such notice. Pleas  entered  within
    29  that  period  shall  be  in  the manner prescribed in the notice and not
    30  subject to additional penalty or fee. Such notice of  impending  default
    31  judgment  shall not be required prior to the rendering and entry thereof
    32  in the case of operators or owners who are non-residents of the state of
    33  New York. In no case shall a default  judgment  be  rendered  or,  where
    34  required,  a notice of impending default judgment be sent, more than two
    35  years after the expiration of the time prescribed for entering  a  plea.
    36  When  a  person  has  demanded  a  hearing,  no fine or penalty shall be
    37  imposed for any reason, prior to the holding  of  the  hearing.  If  the
    38  hearing  examiner  shall make a determination on the charges, sustaining
    39  them, he shall impose no greater penalty or fine than those  upon  which
    40  the person was originally charged.
    41    §  7-d. Subdivisions 1 and 2 of section 241 of the vehicle and traffic
    42  law, as amended by section 7-d of chapter 222 of the laws of  2015,  are
    43  amended to read as follows:
    44    1.  The  hearing  examiner  shall make a determination on the charges,
    45  either sustaining or dismissing them. Where the hearing examiner  deter-
    46  mines  that the charges have been sustained he or she may examine either
    47  the prior  parking  violations  record  or  the  record  of  liabilities
    48  incurred  in  accordance  with  section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of
    49  this chapter of the person charged or the record of liabilities incurred
    50  in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-e of  this  chapter  of
    51  the  person  charged or the record of liabilities incurred in accordance
    52  with section eleven hundred eleven-d  of  this  chapter  of  the  person
    53  charged, as applicable, prior to rendering a final determination.  Final
    54  determinations  sustaining  or  dismissing charges shall be entered on a
    55  final determination roll maintained by the bureau together with  records
    56  showing payment and nonpayment of penalties.

        A. 4950--B                         23
 
     1    2.  Where  an operator or owner fails to enter a plea to a charge of a
     2  parking violation or contest an allegation of  liability  in  accordance
     3  with  section  eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter, or contest
     4  an allegation of liability in accordance  with  section  eleven  hundred
     5  eleven-e  of  this  chapter  or  contest  an  allegation of liability in
     6  accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-d of this chapter or fails
     7  to appear on a designated hearing date or subsequent adjourned  date  or
     8  fails  after  a  hearing  to  comply with the determination of a hearing
     9  examiner, as prescribed by this article or by rule or regulation of  the
    10  bureau, such failure to plead, appear or comply shall be deemed, for all
    11  purposes,  an  admission of liability and shall be grounds for rendering
    12  and entering a default judgment in an amount provided by the  rules  and
    13  regulations of the bureau. However, after the expiration of the original
    14  date prescribed for entering a plea and before a default judgment may be
    15  rendered,  in  such  case  the  bureau  shall pursuant to the applicable
    16  provisions of law notify such operator or owner, by such form  of  first
    17  class mail as the commission may direct; (1) of the violation charged or
    18  liability  in  accordance  with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of
    19  this chapter or liability in  accordance  with  section  eleven  hundred
    20  eleven-e of this chapter alleged or liability in accordance with section
    21  eleven  hundred  eleven-d  of this chapter alleged, (2) of the impending
    22  default judgment, (3) that such judgment will be entered  in  the  Civil
    23  Court  of  the  city  in which the bureau has been established, or other
    24  court of civil jurisdiction or any other place provided for the entry of
    25  civil judgments within the state of New York, and (4) that a default may
    26  be avoided by entering a plea or contesting an allegation  of  liability
    27  in accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter
    28  or  contesting  an  allegation  of  liability in accordance with section
    29  eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter or contesting an  allegation  of
    30  liability  in  accordance  with  section eleven hundred eleven-d of this
    31  chapter or making an appearance within thirty days  of  the  sending  of
    32  such  notice.    Pleas entered within that period shall be in the manner
    33  prescribed in the notice and not subject to additional penalty  or  fee.
    34  Such notice of impending default judgment shall not be required prior to
    35  the  rendering  and entry thereof in the case of operators or owners who
    36  are non-residents of the state of New York. In no case shall  a  default
    37  judgment  be  rendered or, where required, a notice of impending default
    38  judgment be sent, more than two years after the expiration of  the  time
    39  prescribed for entering a plea. When a person has demanded a hearing, no
    40  fine or penalty shall be imposed for any reason, prior to the holding of
    41  the  hearing.  If the hearing examiner shall make a determination on the
    42  charges, sustaining them, he shall impose no  greater  penalty  or  fine
    43  than those upon which the person was originally charged.
    44    §  7-e. Subdivisions 1 and 2 of section 241 of the vehicle and traffic
    45  law, as amended by section 7-e of chapter 222 of the laws of  2015,  are
    46  amended to read as follows:
    47    1.  The  hearing  examiner  shall make a determination on the charges,
    48  either sustaining or dismissing them. Where the hearing examiner  deter-
    49  mines  that  the  charges  have been sustained he or she may examine the
    50  prior parking violations record or the record of liabilities incurred in
    51  accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter  of  the
    52  person  charged, as applicable, prior to rendering a final determination
    53  or the record of liabilities incurred in accordance with section  eleven
    54  hundred  seventy-four-a of this chapter of the person charged, as appli-
    55  cable, prior to rendering a final determination.   Final  determinations
    56  sustaining  or  dismissing  charges shall be entered on a final determi-

        A. 4950--B                         24
 
     1  nation roll maintained by  the  bureau  together  with  records  showing
     2  payment and nonpayment of penalties.
     3    2.  Where  an operator or owner fails to enter a plea to a charge of a
     4  parking violation or contest an allegation of  liability  in  accordance
     5  with  section  eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter, or contest
     6  an allegation of liability in accordance  with  section  eleven  hundred
     7  eleven-e of this chapter or fails to appear on a designated hearing date
     8  or subsequent adjourned date or fails after a hearing to comply with the
     9  determination of a hearing examiner, as prescribed by this article or by
    10  rule  or  regulation  of  the  bureau,  such failure to plead, appear or
    11  comply shall be deemed, for all purposes, an admission of liability  and
    12  shall  be  grounds  for  rendering and entering a default judgment in an
    13  amount provided by the rules and regulations  of  the  bureau.  However,
    14  after the expiration of the original date prescribed for entering a plea
    15  and  before  a default judgment may be rendered, in such case the bureau
    16  shall pursuant to the applicable provisions of law notify such  operator
    17  or owner, by such form of first class mail as the commission may direct;
    18  (1)  of  the  violation  charged or liability in accordance with section
    19  eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter alleged or liability in  accord-
    20  ance  with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter, (2) of
    21  the impending default judgment, (3) that such judgment will  be  entered
    22  in the Civil Court of the city in which the bureau has been established,
    23  or other court of civil jurisdiction or any other place provided for the
    24  entry  of  civil  judgments within the state of New York, and (4) that a
    25  default may be avoided by entering a plea or contesting an allegation of
    26  liability in accordance with section eleven  hundred  eleven-e  of  this
    27  chapter  or  contesting  an  allegation  of liability in accordance with
    28  section eleven hundred seventy-four-a  of  this  chapter  or  making  an
    29  appearance  within  thirty  days  of  the  sending of such notice. Pleas
    30  entered within that period shall be in  the  manner  prescribed  in  the
    31  notice  and  not  subject  to  additional penalty or fee. Such notice of
    32  impending default judgment shall not be required prior to the  rendering
    33  and  entry  thereof in the case of operators or owners who are non-resi-
    34  dents of the state of New York. In no case shall a default  judgment  be
    35  rendered  or,  where required, a notice of impending default judgment be
    36  sent, more than two years after the expiration of  the  time  prescribed
    37  for  entering  a plea.  When a person has demanded a hearing, no fine or
    38  penalty shall be imposed for any reason, prior to  the  holding  of  the
    39  hearing.  If  the  hearing  examiner  shall  make a determination on the
    40  charges, sustaining them, he shall impose no  greater  penalty  or  fine
    41  than those upon which the person was originally charged.
    42    §  7-f. Subdivisions 1 and 2 of section 241 of the vehicle and traffic
    43  law, subdivision 1 as added by chapter 715  of  the  laws  of  1972  and
    44  subdivision 2 as amended by chapter 365 of the laws of 1978, are amended
    45  to read as follows:
    46    1.  The  hearing  examiner  shall make a determination on the charges,
    47  either sustaining or dismissing them. Where the hearing examiner  deter-
    48  mines  that  the  charges  have been sustained he or she may examine the
    49  prior parking violations record or the record of liabilities incurred in
    50  accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter of
    51  the person charged, as applicable, prior to rendering a  final  determi-
    52  nation.  Final  determinations sustaining or dismissing charges shall be
    53  entered on a final determination roll maintained by the bureau  together
    54  with records showing payment and nonpayment of penalties.
    55    2.  Where  an operator or owner fails to enter a plea to a charge of a
    56  parking violation or contest an allegation of  liability  in  accordance

        A. 4950--B                         25
 
     1  with  section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter, or fails to
     2  appear on a designated hearing date  or  subsequent  adjourned  date  or
     3  fails  after  a  hearing  to  comply with the determination of a hearing
     4  examiner,  as prescribed by this article or by rule or regulation of the
     5  bureau, such failure to plead, appear or comply shall be deemed, for all
     6  purposes, an admission of liability and shall be grounds  for  rendering
     7  and  entering  a default judgment in an amount provided by the rules and
     8  regulations of the bureau. However, after the expiration of the original
     9  date prescribed for entering a plea and before a default judgment may be
    10  rendered, in such case the  bureau  shall  pursuant  to  the  applicable
    11  provisions  of  law notify such operator or owner, by such form of first
    12  class mail as the commission may direct; (1) of the  violation  charged,
    13  (2)  of  the  impending default judgment, (3) that such judgment will be
    14  entered in the Civil Court of the city in  which  the  bureau  has  been
    15  established,  or  other  court  of civil jurisdiction or any other place
    16  provided for the entry of civil judgments within the state of New  York,
    17  and  (4)  that  a default may be avoided by entering a plea or making an
    18  appearance within thirty days of  the  sending  of  such  notice.  Pleas
    19  entered  within  that  period  shall  be in the manner prescribed in the
    20  notice and not subject to additional penalty  or  fee.  Such  notice  of
    21  impending  default judgment shall not be required prior to the rendering
    22  and entry thereof in the case of operators or owners who  are  non-resi-
    23  dents  of  the state of New York. In no case shall a default judgment be
    24  rendered or, where required, a notice of impending default  judgment  be
    25  sent,  more  than  two years after the expiration of the time prescribed
    26  for entering a plea. When a person has demanded a hearing,  no  fine  or
    27  penalty  shall  be  imposed  for any reason, prior to the holding of the
    28  hearing. If the hearing examiner  shall  make  a  determination  on  the
    29  charges,  sustaining  them,  he  shall impose no greater penalty or fine
    30  than those upon which the person was originally charged.
    31    § 8. Subparagraph (i) of paragraph a of subdivision 5-a of section 401
    32  of the vehicle and traffic law, as amended by section 8 of  chapter  222
    33  of the laws of 2015, is amended to read as follows:
    34    (i) If at the time of application for a registration or renewal there-
    35  of  there  is  a  certification from a court, parking violations bureau,
    36  traffic and parking violations  agency  or  administrative  tribunal  of
    37  appropriate  jurisdiction  that  the  registrant or his or her represen-
    38  tative failed to appear on the return date or any  subsequent  adjourned
    39  date  or  failed to comply with the rules and regulations of an adminis-
    40  trative tribunal following entry of a final decision in  response  to  a
    41  total  of  three  or  more  summonses or other process in the aggregate,
    42  issued within an eighteen month period, charging either that:  (i)  such
    43  motor  vehicle was parked, stopped or standing, or that such motor vehi-
    44  cle was operated for hire by the registrant or his or her agent  without
    45  being  licensed  as  a  motor  vehicle for hire by the appropriate local
    46  authority, in violation of any of the provisions of this chapter  or  of
    47  any  law,  ordinance,  rule  or regulation made by a local authority; or
    48  (ii) the registrant was liable in accordance with section eleven hundred
    49  eleven-a, section eleven hundred  eleven-b  or  section  eleven  hundred
    50  eleven-d  of  this chapter for a violation of subdivision (d) of section
    51  eleven hundred eleven of this  chapter;  or  (iii)  the  registrant  was
    52  liable  in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chap-
    53  ter for a violation of  a  bus  lane  restriction  as  defined  in  such
    54  section,  or  (iv)  the registrant was liable in accordance with section
    55  eleven hundred eighty-b of this chapter for a violation  of  subdivision
    56  (c)  or (d) of section eleven hundred eighty of this chapter, or (v) the

        A. 4950--B                         26
 
     1  registrant was liable in accordance with section eleven hundred eighty-c
     2  of this chapter for a violation of subdivision (c)  or  (d)  of  section
     3  eleven hundred eighty of this chapter; or (vi) the registrant was liable
     4  in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter for a
     5  violation  of  subdivision  (d) of section eleven hundred eleven of this
     6  chapter; or (vii) the registrant was liable in accordance  with  section
     7  eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter for a violation of section
     8  eleven  hundred seventy-four of this chapter, the commissioner or his or
     9  her agent shall deny the registration or renewal application  until  the
    10  applicant  provides proof from the court, traffic and parking violations
    11  agency or administrative tribunal wherein the charges are  pending  that
    12  an  appearance  or answer has been made or in the case of an administra-
    13  tive tribunal that he or she has complied with the rules and regulations
    14  of said tribunal following entry of a final decision. Where an  applica-
    15  tion is denied pursuant to this section, the commissioner may, in his or
    16  her  discretion, deny a registration or renewal application to any other
    17  person for the same vehicle and  may  deny  a  registration  or  renewal
    18  application  for  any  other motor vehicle registered in the name of the
    19  applicant where the commissioner has determined that  such  registrant's
    20  intent  has been to evade the purposes of this subdivision and where the
    21  commissioner has reasonable grounds to believe that such registration or
    22  renewal will have the effect of defeating the purposes of this  subdivi-
    23  sion.  Such  denial shall only remain in effect as long as the summonses
    24  remain unanswered, or in the case of  an  administrative  tribunal,  the
    25  registrant  fails  to  comply  with  the rules and regulations following
    26  entry of a final decision.
    27    § 8-a. Paragraph a of subdivision 5-a of section 401  of  the  vehicle
    28  and traffic law, as amended by section 8-a of chapter 222 of the laws of
    29  2015, is amended to read as follows:
    30    a. If at the time of application for a registration or renewal thereof
    31  there  is  a  certification  from  a court or administrative tribunal of
    32  appropriate jurisdiction that the registrant or  his  or  her  represen-
    33  tative  failed  to appear on the return date or any subsequent adjourned
    34  date or failed to comply with the rules and regulations of  an  adminis-
    35  trative  tribunal  following  entry of a final decision in response to a
    36  total of three or more summonses or  other  process  in  the  aggregate,
    37  issued  within  an eighteen month period, charging either that: (i) such
    38  motor vehicle was parked, stopped or standing, or that such motor  vehi-
    39  cle  was operated for hire by the registrant or his or her agent without
    40  being licensed as a motor vehicle for  hire  by  the  appropriate  local
    41  authority,  in  violation of any of the provisions of this chapter or of
    42  any law, ordinance, rule or regulation made by  a  local  authority;  or
    43  (ii) the registrant was liable in accordance with section eleven hundred
    44  eleven-b  of  this chapter for a violation of subdivision (d) of section
    45  eleven hundred eleven of this  chapter;  or  (iii)  the  registrant  was
    46  liable  in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chap-
    47  ter for a violation of  a  bus  lane  restriction  as  defined  in  such
    48  section;  or  (iv)  the registrant was liable in accordance with section
    49  eleven hundred eleven-d of this chapter for a violation  of  subdivision
    50  (d)  of  section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter or (v) the regis-
    51  trant was liable in accordance with section eleven hundred  eighty-b  of
    52  this chapter for a violation of subdivision (b), (c), (d), (f) or (g) of
    53  section eleven hundred eighty of this chapter; or (v) the registrant was
    54  liable  in accordance with section eleven hundred eighty-c of this chap-
    55  ter for a violation of subdivision (b), (c), (d), (f) or (g) of  section
    56  eleven hundred eighty of this chapter; or (vi) the registrant was liable

        A. 4950--B                         27
 
     1  in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter for a
     2  violation  of  subdivision  (d) of section eleven hundred eleven of this
     3  chapter; or (vii) the registrant was liable in accordance  with  section
     4  eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter for a violation of section
     5  eleven  hundred seventy-four of this chapter, the commissioner or his or
     6  her agent shall deny the registration or renewal application  until  the
     7  applicant provides proof from the court or administrative tribunal wher-
     8  ein  the  charges are pending that an appearance or answer has been made
     9  or in the case of an administrative tribunal that he or she has complied
    10  with the rules and regulations of said tribunal  following  entry  of  a
    11  final decision. Where an application is denied pursuant to this section,
    12  the  commissioner  may, in his or her discretion, deny a registration or
    13  renewal application to any other person for the  same  vehicle  and  may
    14  deny  a  registration or renewal application for any other motor vehicle
    15  registered in the name of  the  applicant  where  the  commissioner  has
    16  determined  that such registrant's intent has been to evade the purposes
    17  of this subdivision and where the commissioner has reasonable grounds to
    18  believe that such registration  or  renewal  will  have  the  effect  of
    19  defeating  the  purposes  of  this  subdivision.  Such denial shall only
    20  remain in effect as long as the summonses remain unanswered, or  in  the
    21  case  of an administrative tribunal, the registrant fails to comply with
    22  the rules and regulations following entry of a final decision.
    23    § 8-b. Paragraph a of subdivision 5-a of section 401  of  the  vehicle
    24  and traffic law, as amended by section 8-b of chapter 222 of the laws of
    25  2015, is amended to read as follows:
    26    a. If at the time of application for a registration or renewal thereof
    27  there  is  a  certification  from  a court or administrative tribunal of
    28  appropriate jurisdiction that the registrant or  his  or  her  represen-
    29  tative  failed  to appear on the return date or any subsequent adjourned
    30  date or failed to comply with the rules and regulations of  an  adminis-
    31  trative  tribunal  following  entry  of  a final decision in response to
    32  three or more summonses or other  process,  issued  within  an  eighteen
    33  month  period, charging that: (i) such motor vehicle was parked, stopped
    34  or standing, or that such motor vehicle was operated  for  hire  by  the
    35  registrant or his or her agent without being licensed as a motor vehicle
    36  for  hire by the appropriate local authority, in violation of any of the
    37  provisions of this chapter or of any law, ordinance, rule or  regulation
    38  made  by a local authority; or (ii) the registrant was liable in accord-
    39  ance with  section  eleven  hundred  eleven-c  of  this  chapter  for  a
    40  violation of a bus lane restriction as defined in such section; or (iii)
    41  the  registrant  was  liable  in  accordance with section eleven hundred
    42  eleven-d of this chapter for a violation of subdivision (d)  of  section
    43  eleven hundred eleven of this chapter; or (iv) the registrant was liable
    44  in accordance with section eleven hundred eighty-b of this chapter for a
    45  violation  of  subdivision  (b),  (c), (d), (f) or (g) of section eleven
    46  hundred eighty of this chapter, or the registrant was liable in  accord-
    47  ance  with  section  eleven  hundred  eighty-c  of  this  chapter  for a
    48  violation of subdivision (b), (c), (d), (f) or  (g)  of  section  eleven
    49  hundred  eighty  of  this  chapter;  or (v) the registrant was liable in
    50  accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-e of this  chapter  for  a
    51  violation  of  subdivision  (d) of section eleven hundred eleven of this
    52  chapter; or (vii) the registrant was liable in accordance  with  section
    53  eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter for a violation of section
    54  eleven  hundred seventy-four of this chapter, the commissioner or his or
    55  her agent shall deny the registration or renewal application  until  the
    56  applicant provides proof from the court or administrative tribunal wher-

        A. 4950--B                         28
 
     1  ein  the  charges are pending that an appearance or answer has been made
     2  or in the case of an administrative tribunal that he or she has complied
     3  with the rules and regulations of said tribunal  following  entry  of  a
     4  final decision. Where an application is denied pursuant to this section,
     5  the  commissioner  may, in his or her discretion, deny a registration or
     6  renewal application to any other person for the  same  vehicle  and  may
     7  deny  a  registration or renewal application for any other motor vehicle
     8  registered in the name of  the  applicant  where  the  commissioner  has
     9  determined  that such registrant's intent has been to evade the purposes
    10  of this subdivision and where the commissioner has reasonable grounds to
    11  believe that such registration  or  renewal  will  have  the  effect  of
    12  defeating  the  purposes  of  this  subdivision.  Such denial shall only
    13  remain in effect as long as the summonses remain unanswered, or  in  the
    14  case  of an administrative tribunal, the registrant fails to comply with
    15  the rules and regulations following entry of a final decision.
    16    § 8-c. Paragraph a of subdivision 5-a of section 401  of  the  vehicle
    17  and traffic law, as amended by section 8-c of chapter 222 of the laws of
    18  2015, is amended to read as follows:
    19    a. If at the time of application for a registration or renewal thereof
    20  there  is  a  certification  from  a court or administrative tribunal of
    21  appropriate jurisdiction that the registrant or  his  or  her  represen-
    22  tative  failed  to appear on the return date or any subsequent adjourned
    23  date or failed to comply with the rules and regulations of  an  adminis-
    24  trative  tribunal  following  entry  of  a final decision in response to
    25  three or more summonses or other  process,  issued  within  an  eighteen
    26  month  period, charging that: (i) such motor vehicle was parked, stopped
    27  or standing, or that such motor vehicle was operated  for  hire  by  the
    28  registrant or his or her agent without being licensed as a motor vehicle
    29  for  hire by the appropriate local authority, in violation of any of the
    30  provisions of this chapter or of any law, ordinance, rule or  regulation
    31  made  by a local authority; or (ii) the registrant was liable in accord-
    32  ance with  section  eleven  hundred  eleven-d  of  this  chapter  for  a
    33  violation  of  subdivision  (d) of section eleven hundred eleven of this
    34  chapter; or (iii) the registrant was liable in accordance  with  section
    35  eleven  hundred  eighty-b  of this chapter for violations of subdivision
    36  (b), (c), (d), (f) or (g) of section eleven hundred eighty of this chap-
    37  ter, or the registrant was liable  in  accordance  with  section  eleven
    38  hundred eighty-c of this chapter for violations of subdivision (b), (c),
    39  (d),  (f)  or  (g)  of section eleven hundred eighty of this chapter; or
    40  (iv) the registrant was liable in accordance with section eleven hundred
    41  eleven-e of this chapter for a violation of subdivision (d)  of  section
    42  eleven  hundred eleven of this chapter; or (v) the registrant was liable
    43  in accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter
    44  for a violation of section eleven hundred seventy-four of this  chapter,
    45  the  commissioner  or  his  or  her agent shall deny the registration or
    46  renewal application until the applicant provides proof from the court or
    47  administrative tribunal wherein the charges are pending that an  appear-
    48  ance  or answer has been made or in the case of an administrative tribu-
    49  nal that he or she has complied with the rules and regulations  of  said
    50  tribunal  following  entry  of a final decision. Where an application is
    51  denied pursuant to this section, the commissioner may,  in  his  or  her
    52  discretion,  deny  a  registration  or  renewal application to any other
    53  person for the same vehicle and  may  deny  a  registration  or  renewal
    54  application  for  any  other motor vehicle registered in the name of the
    55  applicant where the commissioner has determined that  such  registrant's
    56  intent  has been to evade the purposes of this subdivision and where the

        A. 4950--B                         29
 
     1  commissioner has reasonable grounds to believe that such registration or
     2  renewal will have the effect of defeating the purposes of this  subdivi-
     3  sion.  Such  denial shall only remain in effect as long as the summonses
     4  remain  unanswered,  or  in  the case of an administrative tribunal, the
     5  registrant fails to comply with  the  rules  and  regulations  following
     6  entry of a final decision.
     7    §  8-d.  Paragraph  a of subdivision 5-a of section 401 of the vehicle
     8  and traffic law, as amended by section 8-d of chapter 222 of the laws of
     9  2015, is amended to read as follows:
    10    a. If at the time of application for a registration or renewal thereof
    11  there is a certification from a  court  or  administrative  tribunal  of
    12  appropriate  jurisdiction  that  the  registrant or his or her represen-
    13  tative failed to appear on the return date or any  subsequent  adjourned
    14  date  or  failed to comply with the rules and regulations of an adminis-
    15  trative tribunal following entry of a  final  decision  in  response  to
    16  three  or  more  summonses  or  other process, issued within an eighteen
    17  month period, charging that such motor vehicle was  parked,  stopped  or
    18  standing, or that such motor vehicle was operated for hire by the regis-
    19  trant or his agent without being licensed as a motor vehicle for hire by
    20  the  appropriate  local authority, in violation of any of the provisions
    21  of this chapter or of any law, ordinance, rule or regulation made  by  a
    22  local authority, or the registrant was liable in accordance with section
    23  eleven  hundred  eighty-c  of this chapter for violations of subdivision
    24  (b), (c), (d), (f) or (g) of section eleven hundred eighty of this chap-
    25  ter, or the registrant was liable  in  accordance  with  section  eleven
    26  hundred  eleven-d  of this chapter for a violation of subdivision (d) of
    27  section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter,  or  the  registrant  was
    28  liable  in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chap-
    29  ter for a violation of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred  eleven
    30  of this chapter, or the registrant was liable in accordance with section
    31  eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter for a violation of section
    32  eleven  hundred seventy-four of this chapter, the commissioner or his or
    33  her agent shall deny the registration or renewal application  until  the
    34  applicant provides proof from the court or administrative tribunal wher-
    35  ein  the  charges are pending that an appearance or answer has been made
    36  or in the case of an administrative tribunal that he or she has complied
    37  with the rules and regulations of said tribunal  following  entry  of  a
    38  final decision. Where an application is denied pursuant to this section,
    39  the  commissioner  may, in his or her discretion, deny a registration or
    40  renewal application to any other person for the  same  vehicle  and  may
    41  deny  a  registration or renewal application for any other motor vehicle
    42  registered in the name of  the  applicant  where  the  commissioner  has
    43  determined  that such registrant's intent has been to evade the purposes
    44  of this subdivision and where the commissioner has reasonable grounds to
    45  believe that such registration  or  renewal  will  have  the  effect  of
    46  defeating  the  purposes  of  this  subdivision.  Such denial shall only
    47  remain in effect as long as the summonses remain unanswered, or  in  the
    48  case  of an administrative tribunal, the registrant fails to comply with
    49  the rules and regulations following entry of a final decision.
    50    § 8-e. Paragraph a of subdivision 5-a of section 401  of  the  vehicle
    51  and traffic law, as amended by section 8-e of chapter 222 of the laws of
    52  2015, is amended to read as follows:
    53    a. If at the time of application for a registration or renewal thereof
    54  there  is  a  certification  from  a court or administrative tribunal of
    55  appropriate jurisdiction that the registrant or  his  or  her  represen-
    56  tative  failed  to appear on the return date or any subsequent adjourned

        A. 4950--B                         30
 
     1  date or failed to comply with the rules and regulations of  an  adminis-
     2  trative  tribunal  following  entry  of  a final decision in response to
     3  three or more summonses or other  process,  issued  within  an  eighteen
     4  month  period,  charging  that such motor vehicle was parked, stopped or
     5  standing, or that such motor vehicle was operated for hire by the regis-
     6  trant or his or her agent without being licensed as a motor vehicle  for
     7  hire  by  the  appropriate  local  authority, in violation of any of the
     8  provisions of this chapter or of any law, ordinance, rule or  regulation
     9  made  by  a  local authority, or the registrant was liable in accordance
    10  with section eleven hundred eleven-d of this chapter for a violation  of
    11  subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter, or the
    12  registrant was liable in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-e
    13  of  this  chapter  for  a violation of subdivision (d) of section eleven
    14  hundred eleven of this chapter, or the registrant was liable in  accord-
    15  ance  with  section  eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter for a
    16  violation of section eleven hundred seventy-four of  this  chapter,  the
    17  commissioner  or his or her agent shall deny the registration or renewal
    18  application until the applicant provides proof from the court or  admin-
    19  istrative tribunal wherein the charges are pending that an appearance or
    20  answer  has  been made or in the case of an administrative tribunal that
    21  he has complied with the rules and regulations of said tribunal  follow-
    22  ing  entry of a final decision.  Where an application is denied pursuant
    23  to this section, the commissioner may, in his or her discretion, deny  a
    24  registration  or  renewal  application  to any other person for the same
    25  vehicle and may deny a registration or renewal application for any other
    26  motor vehicle registered in the name of the applicant where the  commis-
    27  sioner  has  determined  that such registrant's intent has been to evade
    28  the purposes of this subdivision and where the commissioner has  reason-
    29  able  grounds to believe that such registration or renewal will have the
    30  effect of defeating the purposes of this subdivision. Such denial  shall
    31  only  remain in effect as long as the summonses remain unanswered, or in
    32  the case of an administrative tribunal, the registrant fails  to  comply
    33  with the rules and regulations following entry of a final decision.
    34    §  8-f.  Paragraph  a of subdivision 5-a of section 401 of the vehicle
    35  and traffic law, as amended by section 8-f of chapter 222 of the laws of
    36  2015, is amended to read as follows:
    37    a. If at the time of application for a registration or renewal thereof
    38  there is a certification from a  court  or  administrative  tribunal  of
    39  appropriate  jurisdiction  that  the  registrant or his or her represen-
    40  tative failed to appear on the return date or any  subsequent  adjourned
    41  date  or  failed to comply with the rules and regulations of an adminis-
    42  trative tribunal following entry of a  final  decision  in  response  to
    43  three  or  more  summonses  or  other process, issued within an eighteen
    44  month period, charging that such motor vehicle was  parked,  stopped  or
    45  standing, or that such motor vehicle was operated for hire by the regis-
    46  trant  or his or her agent without being licensed as a motor vehicle for
    47  hire by the appropriate local authority, in  violation  of  any  of  the
    48  provisions  of this chapter or of any law, ordinance, rule or regulation
    49  made by a local authority, or the registrant was  liable  in  accordance
    50  with  section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter for a violation of
    51  subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter, or the
    52  registrant was liable in accordance with section eleven  hundred  seven-
    53  ty-four-a  of  this  chapter  for  a violation of section eleven hundred
    54  seventy-four of this chapter, the commissioner or his or her agent shall
    55  deny  the  registration  or  renewal  application  until  the  applicant
    56  provides  proof  from  the  court or administrative tribunal wherein the

        A. 4950--B                         31
 
     1  charges are pending that an appearance or answer has been made or in the
     2  case of an administrative tribunal that he has complied with  the  rules
     3  and  regulations  of  said tribunal following entry of a final decision.
     4  Where an application is denied pursuant to this section, the commission-
     5  er  may, in his or her discretion, deny a registration or renewal appli-
     6  cation to any other person for the same vehicle and may deny a registra-
     7  tion or renewal application for any other motor  vehicle  registered  in
     8  the  name  of  the  applicant where the commissioner has determined that
     9  such registrant's intent has been to evade the purposes of this subdivi-
    10  sion and where the commissioner has reasonable grounds to  believe  that
    11  such  registration  or  renewal  will  have  the effect of defeating the
    12  purposes of this subdivision. Such denial shall only remain in effect as
    13  long as the summonses remain unanswered, or in the case of  an  adminis-
    14  trative  tribunal,  the  registrant  fails  to comply with the rules and
    15  regulations following entry of a final decision.
    16    § 8-g. Paragraph a of subdivision 5-a of section 401  of  the  vehicle
    17  and  traffic  law,  as separately amended by chapters 339 and 592 of the
    18  laws of 1987, is amended to read as follows:
    19    a. If at the time of application for a registration or renewal thereof
    20  there is a certification from a  court  or  administrative  tribunal  of
    21  appropriate  jurisdiction  that  the  registrant  or  his representative
    22  failed to appear on the return date or any subsequent adjourned date  or
    23  failed  to  comply  with  the rules and regulations of an administrative
    24  tribunal following entry of a final decision in  response  to  three  or
    25  more summonses or other process, issued within an eighteen month period,
    26  charging  that  such  motor  vehicle was parked, stopped or standing, or
    27  that such motor vehicle was operated for hire by the registrant  or  his
    28  agent  without  being licensed as a motor vehicle for hire by the appro-
    29  priate local authority, in violation of any of the  provisions  of  this
    30  chapter  or  of  any  law, ordinance, rule or regulation made by a local
    31  authority, or the registrant was liable in accordance with section elev-
    32  en hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter for  a  violation  of  section
    33  eleven  hundred  seventy-four  of  this chapter, the commissioner or his
    34  agent shall deny the  registration  or  renewal  application  until  the
    35  applicant provides proof from the court or administrative tribunal wher-
    36  ein  the  charges are pending that an appearance or answer has been made
    37  or in the case of an administrative tribunal that he or she has complied
    38  with the rules and regulations of said tribunal  following  entry  of  a
    39  final decision. Where an application is denied pursuant to this section,
    40  the  commissioner may, in his discretion, deny a registration or renewal
    41  application to any other person for the same  vehicle  and  may  deny  a
    42  registration  or  renewal application for any other motor vehicle regis-
    43  tered in the name of the applicant where the commissioner has determined
    44  that such registrant's intent has been to evade  the  purposes  of  this
    45  subdivision and where the commissioner has reasonable grounds to believe
    46  that  such registration or renewal will have the effect of defeating the
    47  purposes of this subdivision. Such denial shall only remain in effect as
    48  long as the summonses remain unanswered, or in the case of  an  adminis-
    49  trative  tribunal,  the  registrant  fails  to comply with the rules and
    50  regulations following entry of a final decision.
    51    § 9. The vehicle and traffic law is amended by adding  a  new  section
    52  1174-a to read as follows:
    53    § 1174-a. Owner liability for failure of operator to stop for a school
    54  bus  displaying a red visual signal and stop-arm. (a) 1. Notwithstanding
    55  any other provision of law, a county,  city,  town  or  village  located
    56  within a school district ("district") is hereby authorized and empowered

        A. 4950--B                         32
 
     1  to adopt and amend a local law or ordinance establishing a demonstration
     2  program  imposing monetary liability on the owner of a vehicle for fail-
     3  ure of an operator thereof to comply with section eleven hundred  seven-
     4  ty-four of this chapter when meeting a school bus marked and equipped as
     5  provided  in  subdivisions  twenty  and  twenty-one-c  of  section three
     6  hundred seventy-five of this chapter and operated in such county,  city,
     7  town or village, in accordance with the provisions of this section. Such
     8  demonstration  program  shall empower such county, city, town or village
     9  to install and operate school bus  photo  violation  monitoring  systems
    10  which  may be stationary or mobile, and which may be installed, pursuant
    11  to an agreement with a school district within such county, city, town or
    12  village, on school buses owned and operated by such school  district  or
    13  privately  owned  and operated for compensation under contract with such
    14  district.  Provided, however, that (a) no stationary  school  bus  photo
    15  violation  monitoring system shall be installed or operated by a county,
    16  city, town or village except on roadways under the jurisdiction of  such
    17  county,  city,  town  or  village,  and  (b)  no mobile school bus photo
    18  violation monitoring system shall be installed or operated on  any  such
    19  school buses unless such county, city, town or village and such district
    20  enter into an agreement for such installation and operation.
    21    1-a.  Any  county,  city,  town  or  village,  located within a school
    22  district, that has adopted a local law or  ordinance  pursuant  to  this
    23  section  establishing  a demonstration program imposing liability on the
    24  owner of a vehicle for failure of an operator  thereof  to  comply  with
    25  section  eleven  hundred  seventy-four  of  this  chapter when meeting a
    26  school bus marked and equipped as provided in  subdivisions  twenty  and
    27  twenty-one-c  of  section three hundred seventy-five of this chapter and
    28  operated in such county, city, town or village may enter into an  agree-
    29  ment  with  the applicable school district for the installation, mainte-
    30  nance and use of school bus photo violation monitoring systems on school
    31  buses pursuant to this section and section twenty-two of the chapter  of
    32  the  laws  of  two  thousand  nineteen which added this section, for the
    33  proper handling and  custody  of  photographs,  microphotographs,  vide-
    34  otapes, other recorded images and data produced by such systems, and for
    35  the  forwarding of such photographs, microphotographs, videotapes, other
    36  recorded images and  data  to  the  applicable  county,  city,  town  or
    37  village.  Any agreement entered into hereunder shall be approved by each
    38  participating county, city, town or village by a majority  vote  of  the
    39  voting  strength of its governing body and by resolution of the district
    40  pursuant to section sixteen  hundred  four,  section  seventeen  hundred
    41  nine,  section  twenty-five  hundred  three, section twenty-five hundred
    42  fifty-four or section twenty-five hundred ninety-h of the education law,
    43  as applicable.  Provided, however, that where a district has entered  an
    44  agreement  as  provided  hereunder  with  a  county, no cities, towns or
    45  villages within the same county may enter into, or be a  party  to,  any
    46  agreement with such district pursuant to this section. Provided further,
    47  however,  that  no  county shall enter an agreement with any city school
    48  district wholly contained within a city.  Nothing in this section  shall
    49  be construed to prevent a county, city, town, village or district at any
    50  time to withdraw from or terminate an agreement entered pursuant to this
    51  section  and section twenty-two of the chapter of the laws of 2019 which
    52  added this section.
    53    1-b. The total cost to the district of the  installation,  maintenance
    54  and  use  of  school  bus photo violation monitoring systems pursuant to
    55  this section shall be borne  entirely  by  the  county,  city,  town  or
    56  village  within  the  district which is a party to such agreement. On or

        A. 4950--B                         33
 
     1  before September first of each year, the district  shall  determine  and
     2  certify  to each county, city, town or village with which it has entered
     3  into an agreement pursuant  to  this  section  the  total  cost  to  the
     4  district  for  the  school  year  ending the preceding June thirtieth of
     5  installing, maintaining and using such systems within each such  county,
     6  city, town or village, respectively, for the proper handling and custody
     7  of  photographs, microphotographs, videotapes, other recorded images and
     8  data produced by such systems, and for the  forwarding  of  such  photo-
     9  graphs,  microphotographs, videotapes, other recorded images and data to
    10  the applicable county, city, town or village. On or before the following
    11  December first of each year, each such county,  city,  town  or  village
    12  shall  pay to the district such cost so certified to it on or before the
    13  preceding September first. Not later than twenty days  after  each  such
    14  payment  is  submitted  or  is due, whichever occurs first, the district
    15  shall submit to the director of the budget and the chairpersons  of  the
    16  fiscal  committees  of  the  legislature  a report for each such county,
    17  city, town and village showing the amount of costs so certified and  the
    18  amount  of  payments  so  received  or  due.  If a county, city, town or
    19  village fails to make the payment required to the district by the  twen-
    20  tieth  day  after  the date such payment was due, (i) the district shall
    21  notify the director of the budget and the  chairpersons  of  the  fiscal
    22  committees  of  the  legislature  of  such occurrence within twenty-four
    23  hours of such day; and (ii) the demonstration program shall be suspended
    24  within such county, city, town, or village until such time as such coun-
    25  ty, city, town, or village makes the payment required to  the  district.
    26  The  district  shall  notify  the  director of the budget and the chair-
    27  persons of the fiscal committees of  the  legislature  of  such  payment
    28  within  seven  business days of its receipt. Provided, however, that any
    29  notice of liability issued prior to such date shall not be voided.
    30    2. Any image or images captured by school bus photo violation monitor-
    31  ing  systems  shall  be  inadmissible  in  any  disciplinary  proceeding
    32  convened  by  any  school district or any school bus contractor thereof,
    33  and any proceeding initiated by the department involving licensure priv-
    34  ileges of school bus operators. Any school bus photo violation  monitor-
    35  ing device mounted on a school bus shall be directed outwardly from such
    36  school  bus  to  capture  images  of  vehicles  operated in violation of
    37  section eleven hundred seventy-four of this chapter, and images produced
    38  by such device shall not be used for any other purpose.
    39    3. (i) Any participating school  district  shall  be  prohibited  from
    40  accessing  any photographs, microphotographs, videotapes, other recorded
    41  images or data from school bus photo violation  monitoring  systems  but
    42  shall  provide,  pursuant  to  an agreement with a county, city, town or
    43  village as provided in this section, for the proper handling and custody
    44  of such photographs, microphotographs, videotapes, other recorded images
    45  and data produced by such systems, and for the forwarding of such photo-
    46  graphs, microphotographs, videotapes, other recorded images and data  to
    47  the  applicable  county, city, town or village for the purpose of deter-
    48  mining whether a motor vehicle was operated in violation of  subdivision
    49  (a)  of  section  eleven hundred seventy-four of this title and imposing
    50  monetary liability on the owner of such motor vehicle therefor.
    51    (ii) Photographs, microphotographs, videotapes, other recorded  images
    52  and data produced by school bus photo violation monitoring systems shall
    53  be destroyed (A) ninety days after the date of the alleged imposition of
    54  liability  if a notice of liability is not issued for such alleged impo-
    55  sition of liability pursuant to this section or (B) upon final  disposi-
    56  tion of a notice of liability issued pursuant to this section.

        A. 4950--B                         34

     1    4.  A  county,  city,  town  or  village  establishing a demonstration
     2  program pursuant to this section shall adopt  and  enforce  measures  to
     3  protect  the  privacy  of  drivers, passengers, pedestrians and cyclists
     4  whose identity and identifying information may be captured by  a  school
     5  bus photo violation monitoring device. Such measures shall include:
     6    (i)  utilization  of  necessary  technologies to ensure, to the extent
     7  practicable,  that  photographs  produced  by  such  school  bus   photo
     8  violation  monitoring systems shall not include images that identify the
     9  driver, the passengers, the contents of  the  vehicle,  pedestrians  and
    10  cyclists. Provided, however, that no notice of liability issued pursuant
    11  to this section shall be dismissed solely because a photograph or photo-
    12  graphs  allow  for  the  identification  of  the  contents of a vehicle,
    13  provided that such county, city, town or village has made  a  reasonable
    14  effort to comply with the provisions of this paragraph;
    15    (ii)  a  prohibition  on the use or dissemination of vehicles' license
    16  plate information and other information and images  captured  by  school
    17  bus photo violation monitoring systems except: (A) as required to estab-
    18  lish  liability  under this section or collect payment of penalties; (B)
    19  as required by court order; or (C) as otherwise required by law;
    20    (iii) the installation of signage in conformance with standards estab-
    21  lished in the MUTCD at each roadway entrance of the jurisdictional boun-
    22  daries of such county, city, town or village giving notice  that  school
    23  bus  photo violation monitoring systems are used to enforce restrictions
    24  on vehicles violating section eleven hundred seventy-four of this  chap-
    25  ter.  For  the  purposes of this paragraph, the term "roadway" shall not
    26  include state expressway routes or state  interstate  routes  but  shall
    27  include  controlled-access  highway  exit ramps that enter the jurisdic-
    28  tional boundaries of a county, city, town or village; and
    29    (iv) oversight procedures to ensure compliance with the aforementioned
    30  privacy protection measures.
    31    (b) In any such county, city, town or  village  which  has  adopted  a
    32  local  law or ordinance pursuant to subdivision (a) of this section, the
    33  owner of a vehicle shall be liable for a  penalty  imposed  pursuant  to
    34  this section if such vehicle was used or operated with the permission of
    35  the  owner,  express  or  implied,  in  violation  of subdivision (a) of
    36  section eleven hundred seventy-four of this article, and such  violation
    37  is  evidenced  by information obtained from a school bus photo violation
    38  monitoring system; provided however that no owner of a vehicle shall  be
    39  liable for a penalty imposed pursuant to this section where the operator
    40  of such vehicle has been convicted of the underlying violation of subdi-
    41  vision (a) of section eleven hundred seventy-four of this article.
    42    (c)  For  purposes of this section, the following terms shall have the
    43  following meanings: "county" shall have the meaning provided in  section
    44  three  of  the  county  law, except that such term shall not include any
    45  county wholly contained  within  a  city;  "manual  on  uniform  traffic
    46  control devices" or "MUTCD" shall mean the manual and specifications for
    47  a  uniform  system  of traffic control devices maintained by the commis-
    48  sioner of transportation pursuant to section sixteen hundred  eighty  of
    49  this  chapter;  "owner" shall have the meaning provided in article two-B
    50  of this chapter; and "school  bus  photo  violation  monitoring  system"
    51  shall  mean  a  device  that is capable of operating independently of an
    52  enforcement officer which is installed to work  in  conjunction  with  a
    53  school  bus stop-arm and which automatically produces two or more photo-
    54  graphs, two or more microphotographs,  a  videotape  or  other  recorded
    55  images  of  a vehicle at the time it is used or operated in violation of
    56  subdivision (a) of section eleven hundred seventy-four of this article.

        A. 4950--B                         35
 
     1    (d) A certificate, sworn to or affirmed by a  technician  employed  by
     2  the  county,  city,  town  or  village  in  which  the charged violation
     3  occurred, or a facsimile thereof, based upon inspection of  photographs,
     4  microphotographs,  videotape  or  other  recorded  images  produced by a
     5  school  bus  photo  violation  monitoring  system,  shall be prima facie
     6  evidence of the facts contained therein.   Any photographs,  microphoto-
     7  graphs,  videotape  or other recorded images evidencing such a violation
     8  shall be available for inspection in any proceeding  to  adjudicate  the
     9  liability  for  such  violation  pursuant  to  a  local law or ordinance
    10  adopted pursuant to this section.
    11    (e) An owner liable for a violation  of  subdivision  (a)  of  section
    12  eleven  hundred  seventy-four of this article pursuant to a local law or
    13  ordinance adopted pursuant to this section shall be liable for  monetary
    14  penalties in accordance with a schedule of fines and penalties to be set
    15  forth in such local law or ordinance, except that if a city by local law
    16  has  authorized  the  adjudication  of such owner liability by a parking
    17  violations bureau, such schedule shall be promulgated  by  such  bureau.
    18  The liability of the owner pursuant to this section shall be two hundred
    19  fifty  dollars  for  a first violation, two hundred seventy-five dollars
    20  for a second violation both of which were committed within a  period  of
    21  eighteen  months,  and  three  hundred dollars for a third or subsequent
    22  violation all of which  were  committed  within  a  period  of  eighteen
    23  months;  provided, however, that such local law or ordinance may provide
    24  for an additional penalty not in excess of twenty-five dollars for  each
    25  violation for the failure to respond to a notice of liability within the
    26  prescribed time period.
    27    (f)  An imposition of liability under a local law or ordinance adopted
    28  pursuant to this section shall not be deemed a conviction as an operator
    29  and shall not be made part of the operating record of  the  person  upon
    30  whom  such  liability  is  imposed  nor  shall  it be used for insurance
    31  purposes in the provision of motor vehicle insurance coverage.
    32    (g) 1. A notice of liability shall be sent by first class mail to each
    33  person alleged to be liable as an owner for a violation  of  subdivision
    34  (a)  of  section eleven hundred seventy-four of this article pursuant to
    35  this section. Personal delivery on the owner shall not  be  required.  A
    36  manual or automatic record of mailing prepared in the ordinary course of
    37  business shall be prima facie evidence of the facts contained therein.
    38    2.  A  notice  of  liability shall contain the name and address of the
    39  person alleged to be liable as an owner for a violation  of  subdivision
    40  (a)  of  section eleven hundred seventy-four of this article pursuant to
    41  this section, the registration number of the vehicle  involved  in  such
    42  violation,  the  location  where such violation took place, the date and
    43  time of such violation and the identification number of the camera which
    44  recorded the violation or other document locator number.
    45    3. The notice of liability  shall  contain  information  advising  the
    46  person charged of the manner and the time in which he or she may contest
    47  the liability alleged in the notice. Such notice of liability shall also
    48  contain  a warning to advise the persons charged that failure to contest
    49  in the manner and time provided shall be deemed an admission of  liabil-
    50  ity and that a default judgment may be entered thereon.
    51    4. The notice of liability shall be prepared and mailed by the county,
    52  city,  town  or village in which the violation occurred, or by any other
    53  entity authorized by such county, city, town or village to  prepare  and
    54  mail such notification of violation.
    55    (h)  Adjudication of the liability imposed upon owners by this section
    56  shall be by a traffic violations bureau established pursuant to  section

        A. 4950--B                         36
 
     1  three  hundred  seventy of the general municipal law where the violation
     2  occurred or, if there be none, by the  court  having  jurisdiction  over
     3  traffic  infractions where the violation occurred, except that if a city
     4  has  established  an  administrative  tribunal  to  hear  and  determine
     5  complaints of traffic  infractions  constituting  parking,  standing  or
     6  stopping  violations such city may, by local law, authorize such adjudi-
     7  cation by such tribunal.
     8    (i) If an owner receives  a  notice  of  liability  pursuant  to  this
     9  section for any time period during which the vehicle was reported to the
    10  police  as having been stolen, it shall be a valid defense to an allega-
    11  tion of liability for a violation of subdivision (a) of  section  eleven
    12  hundred  seventy-four  of this article pursuant to this section that the
    13  vehicle had been reported to the police as stolen prior to the time  the
    14  violation  occurred  and  had  not  been  recovered  by such time.   For
    15  purposes of asserting the defense provided by this subdivision it  shall
    16  be  sufficient  that a certified copy of the police report on the stolen
    17  vehicle be sent by first class mail to the  traffic  violations  bureau,
    18  court having jurisdiction or parking violations bureau.
    19    (j) 1. In such county, city, town or village where the adjudication of
    20  liability  imposed  upon owners pursuant to this section is by a traffic
    21  violations bureau or a court having jurisdiction,  an  owner  who  is  a
    22  lessor  of  a vehicle to which a notice of liability was issued pursuant
    23  to subdivision (g) of this section shall not be liable for the violation
    24  of subdivision (a) of section eleven hundred seventy-four of this  arti-
    25  cle,  provided  that he or she sends to the traffic violations bureau or
    26  court having jurisdiction a copy of the  rental,  lease  or  other  such
    27  contract  document  covering  such vehicle on the date of the violation,
    28  with the name and address of the lessee clearly legible, within  thirty-
    29  seven  days  after receiving notice from the bureau or court of the date
    30  and  time  of  such  violation,  together  with  the  other  information
    31  contained  in  the  original notice of liability.   Failure to send such
    32  information within such thirty-seven day time period  shall  render  the
    33  owner  liable  for  the  penalty  prescribed  by this section. Where the
    34  lessor complies with the provisions of this  paragraph,  the  lessee  of
    35  such  vehicle  on  the  date of such violation shall be deemed to be the
    36  owner of such vehicle for purposes of this section, shall be subject  to
    37  liability for the violation of subdivision (a) of section eleven hundred
    38  seventy-four  of this article pursuant to this section and shall be sent
    39  a notice of liability pursuant to subdivision (g) of this section.
    40    2. (i) In a city which, by local law, has authorized the  adjudication
    41  of liability imposed upon owners by this section by a parking violations
    42  bureau,  an  owner  who  is  a  lessor of a vehicle to which a notice of
    43  liability was issued pursuant to subdivision (g) of this  section  shall
    44  not  be  liable  for  the violation of subdivision (a) of section eleven
    45  hundred seventy-four of this article, provided that:
    46    (A) prior to the violation, the lessor has filed with  the  bureau  in
    47  accordance  with  the  provisions  of section two hundred thirty-nine of
    48  this chapter; and
    49    (B) within thirty-seven days after receiving notice from the bureau of
    50  the date and time of a liability, together with  the  other  information
    51  contained in the original notice of liability, the lessor submits to the
    52  bureau the correct name and address of the lessee of the vehicle identi-
    53  fied  in the notice of liability at the time of such violation, together
    54  with such other additional information contained in the rental, lease or
    55  other contract document, as may be reasonably  required  by  the  bureau
    56  pursuant to regulations that may be promulgated for such purpose.

        A. 4950--B                         37
 
     1    (ii)  Failure  to  comply  with clause (B) of subparagraph (i) of this
     2  paragraph shall render the owner liable for the  penalty  prescribed  in
     3  this section.
     4    (iii) Where the lessor complies with the provisions of this paragraph,
     5  the lessee of such vehicle on the date of such violation shall be deemed
     6  to  be  the owner of such vehicle for purposes of this section, shall be
     7  subject to liability for such violation pursuant  to  this  section  and
     8  shall  be sent a notice of liability pursuant to subdivision (g) of this
     9  section.
    10    (k) 1. If the owner liable for  a  violation  of  subdivision  (a)  of
    11  section  eleven  hundred  seventy-four  of this article pursuant to this
    12  section was not  the  operator  of  the  vehicle  at  the  time  of  the
    13  violation,  the owner may maintain an action for indemnification against
    14  the operator.
    15    2. Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, no owner of  a
    16  vehicle  shall  be  subject  to a monetary fine imposed pursuant to this
    17  section if the operator of such vehicle was operating such vehicle with-
    18  out the consent of the owner at the time such operator failed to  comply
    19  with  section  eleven hundred seventy-four of this chapter. For purposes
    20  of this subdivision there shall be a presumption that  the  operator  of
    21  such vehicle was operating such vehicle with the consent of the owner at
    22  the  time  such  operator  failed  to comply with section eleven hundred
    23  seventy-four of this chapter.
    24    (l) Nothing in this section shall be construed to limit the  liability
    25  of  an  operator  of  a  vehicle for any violation of subdivision (a) of
    26  section eleven hundred seventy-four of this article.
    27    (m) In any such county, city, town or village which  adopts  a  demon-
    28  stration program pursuant to subdivision (a) of this section, such coun-
    29  ty,  city,  town or village shall submit an annual report on the results
    30  of the use of a school bus photo  violation  monitoring  system  to  the
    31  governor,  the  temporary president of the senate and the speaker of the
    32  assembly on or before June first, two thousand nineteen and on the  same
    33  date in each succeeding year in which the demonstration program is oper-
    34  able. Such report shall include, but not be limited to:
    35    1.  the number of buses and a description of the routes where station-
    36  ary and mobile school bus photo violation monitoring systems were used;
    37    2. the aggregate number, type and severity of  accidents  reported  at
    38  locations  where  a school bus photo violation monitoring system is used
    39  for the year preceding the installation of such system,  to  the  extent
    40  the  information  is  maintained  by the department of motor vehicles of
    41  this state;
    42    3. the aggregate number, type and severity of  accidents  reported  at
    43  locations  where a school bus photo violation monitoring system is used,
    44  to the extent the information is maintained by the department  of  motor
    45  vehicles of this state;
    46    4.  the  number of violations recorded at each location where a school
    47  bus photo violation monitoring system is used and in the aggregate on  a
    48  daily, weekly and monthly basis;
    49    4-a.  the  number  of convictions for violations of subdivision (a) of
    50  section eleven hundred seventy-four of this  article  recorded  at  each
    51  location where a school bus photo violation monitoring system is used on
    52  an  annual  basis,  to  the  extent the information is maintained by the
    53  department of motor vehicles of this state;
    54    5. the total number of notices  of  liability  issued  for  violations
    55  recorded by such systems;

        A. 4950--B                         38
 
     1    6.  the number of fines and total amount of fines paid after the first
     2  notice of liability issued for violations recorded by such systems;
     3    7.  the  number  of violations adjudicated and results of such adjudi-
     4  cations  including  breakdowns  of  dispositions  made  for   violations
     5  recorded  by  such  systems which shall be provided at least annually to
     6  such county, city, town or village by the respective courts, bureaus and
     7  agencies conducting such adjudications;
     8    8. the total amount of revenue realized by such city, town or  village
     9  from such adjudications;
    10    9.  the  expenses incurred by such city, town or village in connection
    11  with the program;
    12    10. the quality of the adjudication process and its results  including
    13  the  total  number  of  hearings  scheduled, re-scheduled, and held; the
    14  total number of persons scheduled for such hearings; the total number of
    15  cases where fines were paid on or before the hearing date; and the total
    16  number of default judgments entered. Such information shall be  provided
    17  at  least  annually to such county, city, town or village by the respec-
    18  tive courts, bureaus and agencies conducting such adjudications; and
    19    11. a description of public education  activities  conducted  to  warn
    20  motorists of the dangers of overtaking and passing stopped school buses.
    21    (n) It shall be a defense to any prosecution for a violation of subdi-
    22  vision (a) of section eleven hundred seventy-four of this article pursu-
    23  ant  to  a  local law or ordinance adopted pursuant to this section that
    24  such school bus stop-arms were malfunctioning at the time of the alleged
    25  violation.
    26    § 10. The opening paragraph and paragraph  (c)  of  subdivision  1  of
    27  section 1809 of the vehicle and traffic law, as amended by section 10 of
    28  chapter 222 of the laws of 2015, are amended to read as follows:
    29    Whenever  proceedings in an administrative tribunal or a court of this
    30  state result in a conviction for an offense  under  this  chapter  or  a
    31  traffic  infraction  under this chapter, or a local law, ordinance, rule
    32  or regulation adopted pursuant to this chapter,  other  than  a  traffic
    33  infraction  involving  standing,  stopping,  or parking or violations by
    34  pedestrians or bicyclists, or other than an adjudication of liability of
    35  an owner for a violation of subdivision (d) of  section  eleven  hundred
    36  eleven  of  this  chapter  in  accordance  with  section  eleven hundred
    37  eleven-a of this chapter, or other than an adjudication of liability  of
    38  an  owner  for  a violation of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred
    39  eleven of  this  chapter  in  accordance  with  section  eleven  hundred
    40  eleven-b  of  this  chapter, or other than an adjudication in accordance
    41  with section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter for a violation  of
    42  a  bus  lane  restriction  as  defined in such section, or other than an
    43  adjudication of liability of an owner for a violation of subdivision (d)
    44  of section eleven hundred eleven of  this  chapter  in  accordance  with
    45  section  eleven hundred eleven-d of this chapter, or other than an adju-
    46  dication of liability of an owner for a violation  of  subdivision  (b),
    47  (c), (d), (f) or (g) of section eleven hundred eighty of this chapter in
    48  accordance  with  section  eleven  hundred  eighty-b of this chapter, or
    49  other than an adjudication of liability of an owner for a  violation  of
    50  subdivision  (b),  (c), (d), (f) or (g) of section eleven hundred eighty
    51  of this chapter in accordance with section eleven  hundred  eighty-c  of
    52  this chapter, or other than an adjudication of liability of an owner for
    53  a  violation of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred eleven of this
    54  chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chap-
    55  ter, or other than an adjudication  of  liability  of  an  owner  for  a
    56  violation  of  section  eleven  hundred  seventy-four of this chapter in

        A. 4950--B                         39
 
     1  accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of  this  chapter,
     2  there  shall  be  levied  a  crime victim assistance fee and a mandatory
     3  surcharge, in addition to any sentence required or permitted by law,  in
     4  accordance with the following schedule:
     5    (c)  Whenever  proceedings in an administrative tribunal or a court of
     6  this state result in a conviction for  an  offense  under  this  chapter
     7  other than a crime pursuant to section eleven hundred ninety-two of this
     8  chapter,  or  a  traffic  infraction under this chapter, or a local law,
     9  ordinance, rule or regulation adopted pursuant to  this  chapter,  other
    10  than  a  traffic  infraction involving standing, stopping, or parking or
    11  violations by pedestrians or bicyclists, or other than  an  adjudication
    12  of  liability  of an owner for a violation of subdivision (d) of section
    13  eleven hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with section  eleven
    14  hundred  eleven-a  of  this  chapter,  or  other than an adjudication of
    15  liability of an owner for a violation  of  subdivision  (d)  of  section
    16  eleven  hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with section eleven
    17  hundred eleven-b of this chapter,  or  other  than  an  adjudication  of
    18  liability  of  an  owner  for  a violation of subdivision (d) of section
    19  eleven hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with section  eleven
    20  hundred  eleven-d  of this chapter, or other than an infraction pursuant
    21  to article nine of this chapter or other than an adjudication of liabil-
    22  ity of an owner for a violation of toll collection regulations  pursuant
    23  to  section two thousand nine hundred eighty-five of the public authori-
    24  ties law or sections sixteen-a, sixteen-b and sixteen-c of chapter seven
    25  hundred seventy-four of the laws of nineteen hundred fifty or other than
    26  an adjudication in accordance with section eleven  hundred  eleven-c  of
    27  this  chapter  for  a  violation of a bus lane restriction as defined in
    28  such section, or other than an adjudication of liability of an owner for
    29  a violation of subdivision (b), (c), (d), (f) or (g) of  section  eleven
    30  hundred eighty of this chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred
    31  eighty-b  of this chapter, or other than an adjudication of liability of
    32  an owner for a violation of subdivision (b), (c), (d),  (f)  or  (g)  of
    33  section eleven hundred eighty of this chapter in accordance with section
    34  eleven  hundred  eighty-c of this chapter, or other than an adjudication
    35  of liability of an owner for a violation of subdivision (d)  of  section
    36  eleven  hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with section eleven
    37  hundred eleven-e of this chapter,  or  other  than  an  adjudication  of
    38  liability  of  an owner for a violation of section eleven hundred seven-
    39  ty-four of this chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred seven-
    40  ty-four-a of this chapter, there shall be levied a crime victim  assist-
    41  ance  fee  in  the  amount of five dollars and a mandatory surcharge, in
    42  addition to any sentence required or permitted by law, in the amount  of
    43  fifty-five dollars.
    44    §  10-a. Subdivision 1 of section 1809 of the vehicle and traffic law,
    45  as amended by section 10-a of chapter  222  of  the  laws  of  2015,  is
    46  amended to read as follows:
    47    1.  Whenever  proceedings  in an administrative tribunal or a court of
    48  this state result in a conviction for a crime under this  chapter  or  a
    49  traffic  infraction  under this chapter, or a local law, ordinance, rule
    50  or regulation adopted pursuant to this chapter,  other  than  a  traffic
    51  infraction involving standing, stopping, parking or motor vehicle equip-
    52  ment  or violations by pedestrians or bicyclists, or other than an adju-
    53  dication of liability of an owner for a violation of subdivision (d)  of
    54  section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with section
    55  eleven  hundred  eleven-a of this chapter, or other than an adjudication
    56  of liability of an owner for a violation of subdivision (d)  of  section

        A. 4950--B                         40
 
     1  eleven  hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with section eleven
     2  hundred eleven-b of this chapter,  or  other  than  an  adjudication  in
     3  accordance  with  section  eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter for a
     4  violation of a bus lane restriction as defined in such section, or other
     5  than  an adjudication of liability of an owner for a violation of subdi-
     6  vision (d) of section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter  in  accord-
     7  ance with section eleven hundred eleven-d of this chapter, or other than
     8  an  adjudication of liability of an owner for a violation of subdivision
     9  (b), (c), (d), (f) or (g) of section eleven hundred eighty of this chap-
    10  ter in accordance with section eleven hundred eighty-b of this  chapter,
    11  or  other  than an adjudication of liability of an owner for a violation
    12  of subdivision (b), (c), (d), (f)  or  (g)  of  section  eleven  hundred
    13  eighty  of this chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred eight-
    14  y-c of this chapter, or other than an adjudication of  liability  of  an
    15  owner for a violation of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred elev-
    16  en of this chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-e of
    17  this chapter, or other than an adjudication of liability of an owner for
    18  a  violation  of  section eleven hundred seventy-four of this chapter in
    19  accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of  this  chapter,
    20  there shall be levied a mandatory surcharge, in addition to any sentence
    21  required or permitted by law, in the amount of twenty-five dollars.
    22    §  10-b. Subdivision 1 of section 1809 of the vehicle and traffic law,
    23  as amended by section 10-b of chapter  222  of  the  laws  of  2015,  is
    24  amended to read as follows:
    25    1.  Whenever  proceedings  in an administrative tribunal or a court of
    26  this state result in a conviction for a crime under this  chapter  or  a
    27  traffic  infraction  under  this chapter other than a traffic infraction
    28  involving standing, stopping, parking  or  motor  vehicle  equipment  or
    29  violations  by  pedestrians or bicyclists, or other than an adjudication
    30  in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter for a
    31  violation of a bus lane restriction as defined in such section, or other
    32  than an adjudication of liability of an owner for a violation of  subdi-
    33  vision  (d)  of section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter in accord-
    34  ance with section eleven hundred eleven-d of this chapter, or other than
    35  an adjudication of liability of an owner for a violation of  subdivision
    36  (b), (c), (d), (f) or (g) of section eleven hundred eighty of this chap-
    37  ter  in accordance with section eleven hundred eighty-b of this chapter,
    38  or other than an adjudication of liability of an owner for  a  violation
    39  of  subdivision  (b),  (c),  (d),  (f)  or (g) of section eleven hundred
    40  eighty of this chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred  eight-
    41  y-c  of  this  chapter, or other than an adjudication of liability of an
    42  owner for a violation of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred elev-
    43  en of this chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-e of
    44  this chapter, or other than an adjudication of liability of an owner for
    45  a violation of section eleven hundred seventy-four of  this  chapter  in
    46  accordance  with  section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this chapter,
    47  there shall be levied a mandatory surcharge, in addition to any sentence
    48  required or permitted by law, in the amount of seventeen dollars.
    49    § 10-c. Subdivision 1 of section 1809 of the vehicle and traffic  law,
    50  as  amended  by  section  10-c  of  chapter  222 of the laws of 2015, is
    51  amended to read as follows:
    52    1. Whenever proceedings in an administrative tribunal or  a  court  of
    53  this  state  result  in a conviction for a crime under this chapter or a
    54  traffic infraction under this chapter other than  a  traffic  infraction
    55  involving  standing,  stopping,  parking  or  motor vehicle equipment or
    56  violations by pedestrians or bicyclists, or other than  an  adjudication

        A. 4950--B                         41
 
     1  of  liability  of an owner for a violation of subdivision (b), (c), (d),
     2  (f) or (g) of section eleven hundred eighty of this chapter  in  accord-
     3  ance with section eleven hundred eighty-b of this chapter, or other than
     4  an  adjudication of liability of an owner for a violation of subdivision
     5  (b), (c), (d), (f) or (g) of section eleven hundred eighty of this chap-
     6  ter in accordance with section eleven hundred eighty-c of this  chapter,
     7  or  other  than an adjudication of liability of an owner for a violation
     8  of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred eleven of this  chapter  in
     9  accordance  with  section  eleven  hundred  eleven-d of this chapter, or
    10  other than an adjudication of liability of an owner for a  violation  of
    11  subdivision  (d)  of  section  eleven  hundred eleven of this chapter in
    12  accordance with section eleven hundred  eleven-e  of  this  chapter,  or
    13  other  than  an adjudication of liability of an owner for a violation of
    14  section eleven hundred seventy-four of this chapter in  accordance  with
    15  section  eleven  hundred  seventy-four-a of this chapter, there shall be
    16  levied a mandatory surcharge, in addition to any  sentence  required  or
    17  permitted by law, in the amount of seventeen dollars.
    18    §  10-d. Subdivision 1 of section 1809 of the vehicle and traffic law,
    19  as amended by section 10-d of chapter  222  of  the  laws  of  2015,  is
    20  amended to read as follows:
    21    1.  Whenever  proceedings  in an administrative tribunal or a court of
    22  this state result in a conviction for a crime under this  chapter  or  a
    23  traffic  infraction  under  this chapter other than a traffic infraction
    24  involving standing, stopping, parking  or  motor  vehicle  equipment  or
    25  violations  by  pedestrians or bicyclists, or other than an adjudication
    26  of liability of an owner for a violation of subdivision (b),  (c),  (d),
    27  (f)  or  (g) of section eleven hundred eighty of this chapter in accord-
    28  ance with section eleven hundred eighty-c of this chapter, or other than
    29  an adjudication of liability of an owner for a violation of  subdivision
    30  (d)  of section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with
    31  section eleven hundred eleven-d of this chapter, or other than an  adju-
    32  dication  of liability of an owner for a violation of subdivision (d) of
    33  section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with section
    34  eleven hundred eleven-e of this chapter, or other than  an  adjudication
    35  of  liability  of  an  owner  for  a violation of section eleven hundred
    36  seventy-four of this chapter in accordance with section  eleven  hundred
    37  seventy-four-a  of  this  chapter,  there  shall  be  levied a mandatory
    38  surcharge, in addition to any sentence required or permitted by law,  in
    39  the amount of seventeen dollars.
    40    §  10-e. Subdivision 1 of section 1809 of the vehicle and traffic law,
    41  as amended by section 10-e of chapter  222  of  the  laws  of  2015,  is
    42  amended to read as follows:
    43    1.  Whenever  proceedings  in an administrative tribunal or a court of
    44  this state result in a conviction for a crime under this  chapter  or  a
    45  traffic  infraction  under  this chapter other than a traffic infraction
    46  involving standing, stopping, parking  or  motor  vehicle  equipment  or
    47  violations  by  pedestrians or bicyclists, or other than an adjudication
    48  of liability of an owner for a violation of subdivision (d)  of  section
    49  eleven  hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with section eleven
    50  hundred eleven-d of this chapter,  or  other  than  an  adjudication  of
    51  liability  of  an  owner  for  a violation of subdivision (d) of section
    52  eleven hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with section  eleven
    53  hundred  eleven-e  of  this  chapter,  or  other than an adjudication of
    54  liability of an owner for a violation of section eleven  hundred  seven-
    55  ty-four of this chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred seven-
    56  ty-four-a  of this chapter, there shall be levied a mandatory surcharge,

        A. 4950--B                         42

     1  in addition to any sentence required or permitted by law, in the  amount
     2  of seventeen dollars.
     3    §  10-f. Subdivision 1 of section 1809 of the vehicle and traffic law,
     4  as amended by section 10-f of chapter  222  of  the  laws  of  2015,  is
     5  amended to read as follows:
     6    1.  Whenever  proceedings  in an administrative tribunal or a court of
     7  this state result in a conviction for a crime under this  chapter  or  a
     8  traffic  infraction  under  this chapter other than a traffic infraction
     9  involving standing, stopping, parking  or  motor  vehicle  equipment  or
    10  violations  by  pedestrians or bicyclists, or other than an adjudication
    11  of liability of an owner for a violation of subdivision (d)  of  section
    12  eleven  hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with section eleven
    13  hundred eleven-e of this chapter,  or  other  than  an  adjudication  of
    14  liability  of  an owner for a violation of section eleven hundred seven-
    15  ty-four of this chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred seven-
    16  ty-four-a of this chapter, there shall be levied a mandatory  surcharge,
    17  in  addition to any sentence required or permitted by law, in the amount
    18  of seventeen dollars.
    19    § 10-g. Subdivision 1 of section 1809 of the vehicle and traffic  law,
    20  as  separately  amended by chapter 16 of the laws of 1983 and chapter 62
    21  of the laws of 1989, is amended to read as follows:
    22    1. Whenever proceedings in an administrative tribunal or  a  court  of
    23  this  state  result  in a conviction for a crime under this chapter or a
    24  traffic infraction under this chapter other than  a  traffic  infraction
    25  involving  standing,  stopping,  parking  or  motor vehicle equipment or
    26  violations by pedestrians or bicyclists, or other than  an  adjudication
    27  of  liability  of  an  owner  for  a violation of section eleven hundred
    28  seventy-four of this chapter in accordance with section  eleven  hundred
    29  seventy-four-a  of  this  chapter,  there  shall  be  levied a mandatory
    30  surcharge, in addition to any sentence required or permitted by law,  in
    31  the amount of seventeen dollars.
    32    §  11.  Paragraph  a of subdivision 1 of section 1809-e of the vehicle
    33  and traffic law, as amended by section 11 of chapter 222 of the laws  of
    34  2015, is amended to read as follows:
    35    a. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, whenever proceedings in
    36  a  court  or  an  administrative  tribunal  of  this  state  result in a
    37  conviction for an offense under this chapter, except a conviction pursu-
    38  ant to section eleven hundred ninety-two of this chapter, or for a traf-
    39  fic infraction under this chapter, or a local law,  ordinance,  rule  or
    40  regulation adopted pursuant to this chapter, except a traffic infraction
    41  involving standing, stopping, or parking or violations by pedestrians or
    42  bicyclists,  and  except  an adjudication of liability of an owner for a
    43  violation of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred  eleven  of  this
    44  chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-a of this chap-
    45  ter  or in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-d of this chap-
    46  ter, or in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chap-
    47  ter, or in accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this
    48  chapter, and except an adjudication of  liability  of  an  owner  for  a
    49  violation  of  subdivision  (d) of section eleven hundred eleven of this
    50  chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-b of this chap-
    51  ter, and except  an  adjudication  in  accordance  with  section  eleven
    52  hundred  eleven-c  of  this  chapter  of  a  violation  of  a  bus  lane
    53  restriction as defined in such section, and except  an  adjudication  of
    54  liability  of an owner for a violation of subdivision (b), (c), (d), (f)
    55  or (g) of section eleven hundred eighty of this  chapter  in  accordance
    56  with  section  eleven  hundred  eighty-b  of this chapter, and except an

        A. 4950--B                         43
 
     1  adjudication of liability of an owner for  a  violation  of  subdivision
     2  (b), (c), (d), (f) or (g) of section eleven hundred eighty of this chap-
     3  ter  in accordance with section eleven hundred eighty-c of this chapter,
     4  and  except  an adjudication of liability of an owner for a violation of
     5  toll collection  regulations  pursuant  to  section  two  thousand  nine
     6  hundred eighty-five of the public authorities law or sections sixteen-a,
     7  sixteen-b  and  sixteen-c  of  chapter seven hundred seventy-four of the
     8  laws of nineteen hundred fifty, there shall be levied in addition to any
     9  sentence, penalty or other surcharge required or permitted  by  law,  an
    10  additional surcharge of twenty-eight dollars.
    11    §  11-a. Paragraph a of subdivision 1 of section 1809-e of the vehicle
    12  and traffic law, as amended by section 11-a of chapter 222 of  the  laws
    13  of 2015, is amended to read as follows:
    14    a. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, whenever proceedings in
    15  a  court  or  an  administrative  tribunal  of  this  state  result in a
    16  conviction for an offense under this chapter, except a conviction pursu-
    17  ant to section eleven hundred ninety-two of this chapter, or for a traf-
    18  fic infraction under this chapter, or a local law,  ordinance,  rule  or
    19  regulation adopted pursuant to this chapter, except a traffic infraction
    20  involving standing, stopping, or parking or violations by pedestrians or
    21  bicyclists,  and  except  an adjudication of liability of an owner for a
    22  violation of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred  eleven  of  this
    23  chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-a of this chap-
    24  ter  or in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-d of this chap-
    25  ter or in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-e of this  chap-
    26  ter, or in accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this
    27  chapter,  and  except  an adjudication in accordance with section eleven
    28  hundred  eleven-c  of  this  chapter  of  a  violation  of  a  bus  lane
    29  restriction  as  defined  in such section, and except an adjudication of
    30  liability of an owner for a violation of subdivision (b), (c), (d),  (f)
    31  or  (g)  of  section eleven hundred eighty of this chapter in accordance
    32  with section eleven hundred eighty-b of  this  chapter,  and  except  an
    33  adjudication  of  liability  of  an owner for a violation of subdivision
    34  (b), (c), (d), (f) or (g) of section eleven hundred eighty of this chap-
    35  ter in accordance with section eleven hundred eighty-c of this  chapter,
    36  and  except  an adjudication of liability of an owner for a violation of
    37  toll collection  regulations  pursuant  to  section  two  thousand  nine
    38  hundred eighty-five of the public authorities law or sections sixteen-a,
    39  sixteen-b  and  sixteen-c  of  chapter seven hundred seventy-four of the
    40  laws of nineteen hundred fifty, there shall be levied in addition to any
    41  sentence, penalty or other surcharge required or permitted  by  law,  an
    42  additional surcharge of twenty-eight dollars.
    43    §  11-b. Paragraph a of subdivision 1 of section 1809-e of the vehicle
    44  and traffic law, as amended by section 11-b of chapter 222 of  the  laws
    45  of 2015, is amended to read as follows:
    46    a. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, whenever proceedings in
    47  a  court  or  an  administrative  tribunal  of  this  state  result in a
    48  conviction for an offense under this chapter, except a conviction pursu-
    49  ant to section eleven hundred ninety-two of this chapter, or for a traf-
    50  fic infraction under this chapter, or a local law,  ordinance,  rule  or
    51  regulation adopted pursuant to this chapter, except a traffic infraction
    52  involving standing, stopping, or parking or violations by pedestrians or
    53  bicyclists,  and  except  an adjudication of liability of an owner for a
    54  violation of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred  eleven  of  this
    55  chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-a of this chap-
    56  ter  or in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-d of this chap-

        A. 4950--B                         44
 
     1  ter or in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-e of this  chap-
     2  ter, or in accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this
     3  chapter,  and  except  an  adjudication  of  liability of an owner for a
     4  violation  of  subdivision  (b),  (c), (d), (f) or (g) of section eleven
     5  hundred eighty of this chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred
     6  eighty-b of this chapter, and except an adjudication of liability of  an
     7  owner  for  a  violation  of  subdivision  (b),  (c), (d), (f) or (g) of
     8  section eleven hundred eighty of this chapter in accordance with section
     9  eleven hundred eighty-c of this chapter, and except an  adjudication  of
    10  liability  of  an  owner  for a violation of toll collection regulations
    11  pursuant to section two thousand nine hundred eighty-five of the  public
    12  authorities  law or sections sixteen-a, sixteen-b and sixteen-c of chap-
    13  ter seven hundred seventy-four of the laws of  nineteen  hundred  fifty,
    14  there  shall  be  levied  in  addition to any sentence, penalty or other
    15  surcharge required or permitted by law, an additional surcharge of twen-
    16  ty-eight dollars.
    17    § 11-c. Paragraph a of subdivision 1 of section 1809-e of the  vehicle
    18  and  traffic  law, as amended by section 11-c of chapter 222 of the laws
    19  of 2015, is amended to read as follows:
    20    a. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, whenever proceedings in
    21  a court or  an  administrative  tribunal  of  this  state  result  in  a
    22  conviction for an offense under this chapter, except a conviction pursu-
    23  ant to section eleven hundred ninety-two of this chapter, or for a traf-
    24  fic  infraction  under  this chapter, or a local law, ordinance, rule or
    25  regulation adopted pursuant to this chapter, except a traffic infraction
    26  involving standing, stopping, or parking or violations by pedestrians or
    27  bicyclists, and except an adjudication of liability of an  owner  for  a
    28  violation  of  subdivision  (d) of section eleven hundred eleven of this
    29  chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-a of this chap-
    30  ter or in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-d of this  chap-
    31  ter  or in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-e of this chap-
    32  ter, or in accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this
    33  chapter, and except an adjudication of  liability  of  an  owner  for  a
    34  violation  of  subdivision  (b),  (c), (d), (f) or (g) of section eleven
    35  hundred eighty of this chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred
    36  eighty-c of this chapter, and except an adjudication of liability of  an
    37  owner for a violation of toll collection regulations pursuant to section
    38  two  thousand  nine hundred eighty-five of the public authorities law or
    39  sections sixteen-a, sixteen-b and sixteen-c  of  chapter  seven  hundred
    40  seventy-four  of  the  laws  of  nineteen  hundred fifty, there shall be
    41  levied in addition to any sentence, penalty or other surcharge  required
    42  or permitted by law, an additional surcharge of twenty-eight dollars.
    43    §  11-d. Paragraph a of subdivision 1 of section 1809-e of the vehicle
    44  and traffic law, as amended by section 11-d of chapter 222 of  the  laws
    45  of 2015, is amended to read as follows:
    46    a. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, whenever proceedings in
    47  a  court  or  an  administrative  tribunal  of  this  state  result in a
    48  conviction for an offense under this chapter, except a conviction pursu-
    49  ant to section eleven hundred ninety-two of this chapter, or for a traf-
    50  fic infraction under this chapter, or a local law,  ordinance,  rule  or
    51  regulation adopted pursuant to this chapter, except a traffic infraction
    52  involving standing, stopping, or parking or violations by pedestrians or
    53  bicyclists,  and  except  an adjudication of liability of an owner for a
    54  violation of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred  eleven  of  this
    55  chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-a of this chap-
    56  ter  or in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-d of this chap-

        A. 4950--B                         45

     1  ter or in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-e of this  chap-
     2  ter, or in accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this
     3  chapter,  and  except  an  adjudication  of  liability of an owner for a
     4  violation  of  toll collection regulations pursuant to section two thou-
     5  sand nine hundred eighty-five of the public authorities law or  sections
     6  sixteen-a, sixteen-b and sixteen-c of chapter seven hundred seventy-four
     7  of the laws of nineteen hundred fifty, there shall be levied in addition
     8  to  any  sentence,  penalty  or other surcharge required or permitted by
     9  law, an additional surcharge of twenty-eight dollars.
    10    § 11-e. Paragraph a of subdivision 1 of section 1809-e of the  vehicle
    11  and  traffic  law, as amended by section 11-e of chapter 222 of the laws
    12  of 2015, is amended to read as follows:
    13    a. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, whenever proceedings in
    14  a court or  an  administrative  tribunal  of  this  state  result  in  a
    15  conviction for an offense under this chapter, except a conviction pursu-
    16  ant to section eleven hundred ninety-two of this chapter, or for a traf-
    17  fic  infraction  under  this chapter, or a local law, ordinance, rule or
    18  regulation adopted pursuant to this chapter, except a traffic infraction
    19  involving standing, stopping, or parking or violations by pedestrians or
    20  bicyclists, and except an adjudication of liability of an  owner  for  a
    21  violation  of  subdivision  (d) of section eleven hundred eleven of this
    22  chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-a of this chap-
    23  ter or in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-e of this  chap-
    24  ter, or in accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this
    25  chapter,  and  except  an  adjudication  of  liability of an owner for a
    26  violation of toll collection regulations pursuant to section  two  thou-
    27  sand  nine hundred eighty-five of the public authorities law or sections
    28  sixteen-a, sixteen-b and sixteen-c of chapter seven hundred seventy-four
    29  of the laws of nineteen hundred fifty, there shall be levied in addition
    30  to any sentence, penalty or other surcharge  required  or  permitted  by
    31  law, an additional surcharge of twenty-eight dollars.
    32    §  11-f. Paragraph a of subdivision 1 of section 1809-e of the vehicle
    33  and traffic law, as amended by section 5 of part C of chapter 55 of  the
    34  laws of 2013, is amended to read as follows:
    35    a. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, whenever proceedings in
    36  a  court  or  an  administrative  tribunal  of  this  state  result in a
    37  conviction for an offense under this chapter, except a conviction pursu-
    38  ant to section eleven hundred ninety-two of this chapter, or for a traf-
    39  fic infraction under this chapter, or a local law,  ordinance,  rule  or
    40  regulation adopted pursuant to this chapter, except a traffic infraction
    41  involving standing, stopping, or parking or violations by pedestrians or
    42  bicyclists,  and  except  an adjudication of liability of an owner for a
    43  violation of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred  eleven  of  this
    44  chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-a of this chap-
    45  ter  or in accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of this
    46  chapter, and except an adjudication of  liability  of  an  owner  for  a
    47  violation  of  toll collection regulations pursuant to section two thou-
    48  sand nine hundred eighty-five of the public authorities law or  sections
    49  sixteen-a, sixteen-b and sixteen-c of chapter seven hundred seventy-four
    50  of the laws of nineteen hundred fifty, there shall be levied in addition
    51  to  any  sentence,  penalty  or other surcharge required or permitted by
    52  law, an additional surcharge of twenty-eight dollars.
    53    § 12. Subdivision 3 of section 1803 of the vehicle and traffic law, as
    54  amended by chapter 679 of the laws of 1970, is amended and a new  subdi-
    55  vision 10 is added to read as follows:

        A. 4950--B                         46
 
     1    3.  All  fines,  penalties  and  forfeitures  paid  to a city, town or
     2  village pursuant to the provisions of paragraph a of subdivision one  of
     3  this  section  and  subdivision ten of this section shall be credited to
     4  the general fund of such city,  town  or  village,  unless  a  different
     5  disposition  is  prescribed  by charter, special law, local law or ordi-
     6  nance.
     7    10. Except as otherwise provided in paragraph e of subdivision one  of
     8  this  section,  where  a  county has established a demonstration program
     9  imposing monetary liability on the owner of a vehicle for failure of  an
    10  operator  thereof  to comply with section eleven hundred seventy-four of
    11  this chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of
    12  this chapter, any fine or penalty collected by a  court,  judge,  magis-
    13  trate or other officer for an imposition of liability which occurs with-
    14  in such county pursuant to such program shall be paid to the state comp-
    15  troller  within  the  first  ten days of the month following collection.
    16  Every such payment shall be accompanied by a statement in such form  and
    17  detail as the comptroller shall provide. The comptroller shall pay nine-
    18  ty percent of any such fine or penalty imposed for such liability to the
    19  county in which the violation giving rise to the liability occurred, and
    20  ten  percent of any such fine or penalty to the city, town or village in
    21  which the violation giving rise to the liability occurred.
    22    § 13. Subdivision 1 of section 371 of the general  municipal  law,  as
    23  amended  by section 12 of chapter 222 of the laws of 2015, is amended to
    24  read as follows:
    25    1. A traffic violations bureau so established  may  be  authorized  to
    26  dispose of violations of traffic laws, ordinances, rules and regulations
    27  when  such offenses shall not constitute the traffic infraction known as
    28  speeding or a misdemeanor or felony, and, if authorized by local law  or
    29  ordinance,  to  adjudicate  the  liability  of  owners for violations of
    30  subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred  eleven  of  the  vehicle  and
    31  traffic  law  in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-a of such
    32  law or section eleven hundred eleven-b of such law as added by  sections
    33  sixteen  of chapters twenty, [twenty-one,] and twenty-two of the laws of
    34  two thousand nine which amended  this  subdivision,  or  section  eleven
    35  hundred eleven-d of such law, or section eleven hundred eleven-e of such
    36  law or section eleven hundred seventy-four-a of such law.
    37    §  13-a.  Section  371  of  the  general  municipal law, as amended by
    38  section 12-a of chapter 222 of the laws of 2015, is amended to  read  as
    39  follows:
    40    §  371.  Jurisdiction  and  procedure.  A traffic violations bureau so
    41  established may be authorized to dispose of violations of traffic  laws,
    42  ordinances,  rules  and regulations when such offenses shall not consti-
    43  tute the traffic infraction known as speeding or a misdemeanor or  felo-
    44  ny,  and,  if  authorized  by  local law or ordinance, to adjudicate the
    45  liability of owners for violations of subdivision (d) of section  eleven
    46  hundred eleven of the vehicle and traffic law in accordance with section
    47  eleven  hundred  eleven-b  of  such  law as added by sections sixteen of
    48  chapters twenty, [twenty-one,] and twenty-two of the laws of  two  thou-
    49  sand  nine which amended this section or section eleven hundred eleven-d
    50  of such law or section eleven hundred eleven-e of such law,  or  section
    51  eleven  hundred  seventy-four-a  of  such  law,  by  permitting a person
    52  charged with an offense within the limitations herein stated, to answer,
    53  within a specified time, at the traffic  violations  bureau,  either  in
    54  person or by written power of attorney in such form as may be prescribed
    55  in  the  ordinance creating the bureau, by paying a prescribed fine and,
    56  in writing, waiving a hearing in court, pleading guilty to the charge or

        A. 4950--B                         47
 
     1  admitting liability as an owner for the violation of subdivision (d)  of
     2  section  eleven  hundred  eleven  of the vehicle and traffic law, as the
     3  case may be, and authorizing the person in charge of the bureau to  make
     4  such a plea or admission and pay such a fine in court. Acceptance of the
     5  prescribed  fine  and  power  of  attorney by the bureau shall be deemed
     6  complete satisfaction for the violation or of  the  liability,  and  the
     7  violator  or  owner liable for a violation of subdivision (d) of section
     8  eleven hundred eleven of the vehicle and traffic law shall  be  given  a
     9  receipt  which  so  states. If a person charged with a traffic violation
    10  does not answer as hereinbefore prescribed, within  a  designated  time,
    11  the  bureau  shall  cause  a  complaint to be entered against him or her
    12  forthwith and a warrant to be issued for his or her arrest  and  appear-
    13  ance  before  the  court.  Any  person  who  shall have been, within the
    14  preceding twelve months, guilty of a number  of  parking  violations  in
    15  excess  of  such maximum number as may be designated by the court, or of
    16  three or more violations other than parking  violations,  shall  not  be
    17  permitted  to appear and answer to a subsequent violation at the traffic
    18  violations bureau, but must appear in court at a time specified  by  the
    19  bureau.  Such  traffic  violations  bureau  shall  not  be authorized to
    20  deprive a person of his or her right to counsel or to prevent him or her
    21  from exercising his or her right  to  appear  in  court  to  answer  to,
    22  explain,  or  defend any charge of a violation of any traffic law, ordi-
    23  nance, rule or regulation.
    24    § 13-b. Section 371 of  the  general  municipal  law,  as  amended  by
    25  section  12-b  of chapter 222 of the laws of 2015, is amended to read as
    26  follows:
    27    § 371. Jurisdiction and procedure.  A  traffic  violations  bureau  so
    28  established  may be authorized to dispose of violations of traffic laws,
    29  ordinances, rules and regulations when such offenses shall  not  consti-
    30  tute  the traffic infraction known as speeding or a misdemeanor or felo-
    31  ny, and, if authorized by local law  or  ordinance,  to  adjudicate  the
    32  liability  of owners for violations of subdivision (d) of section eleven
    33  hundred eleven of the vehicle and traffic law in accordance with section
    34  eleven hundred eleven-d or section eleven hundred  eleven-e  or  section
    35  eleven hundred seventy-four-a of the vehicle and traffic law, by permit-
    36  ting  a  person  charged  with  an offense within the limitations herein
    37  stated, to answer, within a specified time, at  the  traffic  violations
    38  bureau, either in person or by written power of attorney in such form as
    39  may  be  prescribed  in  the  ordinance creating the bureau, by paying a
    40  prescribed fine and, in writing, waiving a hearing  in  court,  pleading
    41  guilty  to  the  charge  or  admitting  liability  as  an  owner for the
    42  violation of subdivision (d) of section eleven  hundred  eleven  of  the
    43  vehicle  and traffic law, as the case may be, and authorizing the person
    44  in charge of the bureau to make such a plea or admission and pay such  a
    45  fine  in  court. Acceptance of the prescribed fine and power of attorney
    46  by the bureau shall be deemed complete satisfaction for the violation or
    47  of the liability, and the violator or owner liable for  a  violation  of
    48  subdivision  (d)  of  section  eleven  hundred eleven of the vehicle and
    49  traffic law shall be given a  receipt  which  so  states.  If  a  person
    50  charged  with  a  traffic  violation  does  not  answer  as hereinbefore
    51  prescribed, within a designated time, the bureau shall cause a complaint
    52  to be entered against him or her forthwith and a warrant  to  be  issued
    53  for  his  or  her arrest and appearance before the court. Any person who
    54  shall have been, within the preceding twelve months, guilty of a  number
    55  of  parking violations in excess of such maximum number as may be desig-
    56  nated by the court, or of three or more violations  other  than  parking

        A. 4950--B                         48
 
     1  violations,  shall not be permitted to appear and answer to a subsequent
     2  violation at the traffic violations bureau, but must appear in court  at
     3  a time specified by the bureau. Such traffic violations bureau shall not
     4  be  authorized  to deprive a person of his or her right to counsel or to
     5  prevent him or her from exercising his or her right to appear  in  court
     6  to  answer to, explain, or defend any charge of a violation of any traf-
     7  fic law, ordinance, rule or regulation.
     8    § 13-c. Section 371 of  the  general  municipal  law,  as  amended  by
     9  section  12-c  of chapter 222 of the laws of 2015, is amended to read as
    10  follows:
    11    § 371. Jurisdiction and procedure.  A  traffic  violations  bureau  so
    12  established  may be authorized to dispose of violations of traffic laws,
    13  ordinances, rules and regulations when such offenses shall  not  consti-
    14  tute  the traffic infraction known as speeding or a misdemeanor or felo-
    15  ny, and, if authorized by local law  or  ordinance,  to  adjudicate  the
    16  liability  of owners for violations of subdivision (d) of section eleven
    17  hundred eleven of the vehicle and traffic law in accordance with section
    18  eleven hundred eleven-e of the vehicle and traffic law, and, if  author-
    19  ized  by  local  law or ordinance, to adjudicate the liability of owners
    20  for violations of section eleven hundred seventy-four of the vehicle and
    21  traffic law in accordance with section eleven hundred seventy-four-a  of
    22  the  vehicle  and  traffic  law  by  permitting a person charged with an
    23  offense within the limitations herein stated, to answer, within a speci-
    24  fied time, at the traffic violations bureau,  either  in  person  or  by
    25  written power of attorney in such form as may be prescribed in the ordi-
    26  nance  creating the bureau, by paying a prescribed fine and, in writing,
    27  waiving a hearing in court, pleading guilty to the charge  or  admitting
    28  liability as an owner for violation of subdivision (d) of section eleven
    29  hundred  eleven  of  the vehicle and traffic law, as the case may be, or
    30  admitting liability as an  owner  for  a  violation  of  section  eleven
    31  hundred seventy-four of the vehicle and traffic law, as the case may be,
    32  and  authorizing  the person in charge of the bureau to make such a plea
    33  or admission and pay such a fine in court. Acceptance of the  prescribed
    34  fine and power of attorney by the bureau shall be deemed complete satis-
    35  faction for the violation or of the liability, and the violator or owner
    36  liable  for  a  violation  of  subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred
    37  eleven of the vehicle and traffic law or owner liable for a violation of
    38  section eleven hundred seventy-four of the vehicle and traffic law shall
    39  be given a receipt which so states. If a person charged with  a  traffic
    40  violation  does  not  answer as hereinbefore prescribed, within a desig-
    41  nated time, the bureau shall cause a complaint to be entered against him
    42  or her forthwith and a warrant to be issued for his or  her  arrest  and
    43  appearance  before the court. Any person who shall have been, within the
    44  preceding twelve months, guilty of a number  of  parking  violations  in
    45  excess  of  such maximum number as may be designated by the court, or of
    46  three or more violations other than parking  violations,  shall  not  be
    47  permitted  to appear and answer to a subsequent violation at the traffic
    48  violations bureau, but must appear in court at a time specified  by  the
    49  bureau.  Such  traffic  violations  bureau  shall  not  be authorized to
    50  deprive a person of his or her right to counsel or to prevent him or her
    51  from exercising his or her right  to  appear  in  court  to  answer  to,
    52  explain,  or  defend any charge of a violation of any traffic law, ordi-
    53  nance, rule or regulation.
    54    § 13-d. Section 371 of the general municipal law, as amended by  chap-
    55  ter 802 of the laws of 1949, is amended to read as follows:

        A. 4950--B                         49

     1    §  371.  Jurisdiction  and  procedure.  A traffic violations bureau so
     2  established may be authorized to dispose of violations of traffic  laws,
     3  ordinances,  rules  and regulations when such offenses shall not consti-
     4  tute the traffic infraction known as speeding or a misdemeanor or  felo-
     5  ny,  and,  if  authorized  by  local law or ordinance, to adjudicate the
     6  liability of owners for violations of section  eleven  hundred  seventy-
     7  four  of  the  vehicle and traffic law in accordance with section eleven
     8  hundred seventy-four-a of the vehicle and traffic law  by  permitting  a
     9  person  charged with an offense within the limitations herein stated, to
    10  answer, within a specified  time,  at  the  traffic  violations  bureau,
    11  either  in person or by written power of attorney in such form as may be
    12  prescribed in the ordinance creating the bureau, by paying a  prescribed
    13  fine and, in writing, waiving a hearing in court, pleading guilty to the
    14  charge,  or  admitting  liability as an owner for a violation of section
    15  eleven hundred seventy-four of the vehicle and traffic law, as the  case
    16  may be and authorizing the person in charge of the bureau to make such a
    17  plea  or  admission  and  pay  such a fine in court.   Acceptance of the
    18  prescribed fine and power of attorney by  the  bureau  shall  be  deemed
    19  complete  satisfaction  for  the  violation,  and  the violator or owner
    20  liable for a violation of section eleven  hundred  seventy-four  of  the
    21  vehicle  and  traffic law shall be given a receipt which so states. If a
    22  person charged with a traffic violation does not answer as  hereinbefore
    23  prescribed, within a designated time, the bureau shall cause a complaint
    24  to  be  entered  against him or her forthwith and a warrant to be issued
    25  for his or her arrest and appearance before the court.  Any  person  who
    26  shall  have been, within the preceding twelve months, guilty of a number
    27  of parking violations in excess of such maximum number as may be  desig-
    28  nated  by  the  court, or of three or more violations other than parking
    29  violations, shall not be permitted to appear and answer to a  subsequent
    30  violation  at the traffic violations bureau, but must appear in court at
    31  a time specified by the bureau. Such traffic violations bureau shall not
    32  be authorized to deprive a person of his or her right to counsel  or  to
    33  prevent  him  or her from exercising his or her right to appear in court
    34  to answer to, explain, or defend any charge of a violation of any  traf-
    35  fic law, ordinance, rule or regulation.
    36    §  14.  Subdivision  2 of section 371 of the general municipal law, as
    37  amended by chapter 43 of the  laws  of  2014,  is  amended  to  read  as
    38  follows:
    39    2.  The Nassau county traffic and parking violations agency, as estab-
    40  lished, may be authorized to assist the Nassau  county  district  court,
    41  and  the Suffolk county traffic and parking violations agency, as estab-
    42  lished, may be authorized to assist the Suffolk county  district  court,
    43  in  the  disposition  and  administration  of infractions of traffic and
    44  parking laws, ordinances, rules and regulations  and  the  liability  of
    45  owners for violations of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred elev-
    46  en  of  the  vehicle  and  traffic law in accordance with section eleven
    47  hundred eleven-b of such law and the liability of owners for  violations
    48  of  subdivision  (b),  (c),  (d),  (f)  or (g) of section eleven hundred
    49  eighty of the vehicle and traffic law in accordance with section  eleven
    50  hundred  eighty-c of such law and the liability of owners for violations
    51  of section eleven hundred seventy-four of the vehicle and traffic law in
    52  accordance with section  eleven  hundred  seventy-four-a  of  such  law,
    53  except that such agencies shall not have jurisdiction over (a) the traf-
    54  fic  infraction  defined under subdivision one of section eleven hundred
    55  ninety-two of the vehicle and traffic law; (b)  the  traffic  infraction
    56  defined  under  subdivision five of section eleven hundred ninety-two of

        A. 4950--B                         50

     1  the vehicle and traffic law; (c) the violation defined  under  paragraph
     2  (b)  of subdivision four of section fourteen-f of the transportation law
     3  and the violation defined under clause  (b)  of  subparagraph  (iii)  of
     4  paragraph  c  of  subdivision  two  of  section one hundred forty of the
     5  transportation law; (d) the traffic  infraction  defined  under  section
     6  three  hundred  ninety-seven-a  of  the  vehicle and traffic law and the
     7  traffic infraction defined  under  subdivision  (g)  of  section  eleven
     8  hundred  eighty  of  the vehicle and traffic law; (e) any misdemeanor or
     9  felony; or (f) any offense that is part  of  the  same  criminal  trans-
    10  action,  as  that term is defined in subdivision two of section 40.10 of
    11  the criminal procedure law, as a violation of subdivision one of section
    12  eleven hundred ninety-two of the vehicle and traffic law, a violation of
    13  subdivision five of section eleven hundred ninety-two of the vehicle and
    14  traffic law, a violation of paragraph (b) of subdivision four of section
    15  fourteen-f of the transportation law,  a  violation  of  clause  (b)  of
    16  subparagraph  (iii)  of  paragraph  c  of subdivision two of section one
    17  hundred forty of the transportation law, a violation  of  section  three
    18  hundred  ninety-seven-a  of  the vehicle and traffic law, a violation of
    19  subdivision (g) of section eleven hundred  eighty  of  the  vehicle  and
    20  traffic law or any misdemeanor or felony.
    21    §  14-a. Subdivision 2 of section 371 of the general municipal law, as
    22  amended by chapter 388 of the laws  of  2012,  is  amended  to  read  as
    23  follows:
    24    2.  The Nassau county traffic and parking violations agency, as estab-
    25  lished, may be authorized to assist the Nassau  county  district  court,
    26  and  the Suffolk county traffic and parking violations agency, as estab-
    27  lished, may be authorized to assist the Suffolk county  district  court,
    28  in  the  disposition  and  administration  of infractions of traffic and
    29  parking laws, ordinances, rules and regulations  and  the  liability  of
    30  owners for violations of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred elev-
    31  en  of  the  vehicle  and  traffic law in accordance with section eleven
    32  hundred eleven-b of such law and the liability of owners for  violations
    33  of section eleven hundred seventy-four of the vehicle and traffic law in
    34  accordance  with  section  eleven  hundred  seventy-four-a  of such law,
    35  except that such agencies shall not have jurisdiction over (a) the traf-
    36  fic infraction defined under subdivision one of section  eleven  hundred
    37  ninety-two  of  the  vehicle and traffic law; (b) the traffic infraction
    38  defined under subdivision five of section eleven hundred  ninety-two  of
    39  the  vehicle  and traffic law; (c) the violation defined under paragraph
    40  (b) of subdivision four of section fourteen-f of the transportation  law
    41  and  the  violation  defined  under  clause (b) of subparagraph (iii) of
    42  paragraph c of subdivision two of  section  one  hundred  forty  of  the
    43  transportation  law;  (d)  the  traffic infraction defined under section
    44  three hundred ninety-seven-a of the vehicle  and  traffic  law  and  the
    45  traffic  infraction  defined  under  subdivision  (g)  of section eleven
    46  hundred eighty of the vehicle and traffic law; (e)  any  misdemeanor  or
    47  felony;  or  (f)  any  offense  that is part of the same criminal trans-
    48  action, as that term is defined in subdivision two of section  40.10  of
    49  the criminal procedure law, as a violation of subdivision one of section
    50  eleven hundred ninety-two of the vehicle and traffic law, a violation of
    51  subdivision five of section eleven hundred ninety-two of the vehicle and
    52  traffic law, a violation of paragraph (b) of subdivision four of section
    53  fourteen-f  of  the  transportation  law,  a  violation of clause (b) of
    54  subparagraph (iii) of paragraph c of  subdivision  two  of  section  one
    55  hundred  forty  of  the transportation law, a violation of section three
    56  hundred ninety-seven-a of the vehicle and traffic law,  a  violation  of

        A. 4950--B                         51
 
     1  subdivision  (g)  of  section  eleven  hundred eighty of the vehicle and
     2  traffic law or any misdemeanor or felony.
     3    §  15.  Subdivision  2  of  section  87  of the public officers law is
     4  amended by adding a new paragraph (q) to read as follows:
     5    (q) are photographs, microphotographs,  videotape  or  other  recorded
     6  images prepared under authority of section eleven hundred seventy-four-a
     7  of the vehicle and traffic law.
     8    §  16.  The purchase or lease of equipment for a demonstration program
     9  established pursuant to section 1174-a of the vehicle  and  traffic  law
    10  shall be subject to the provisions of section 103 of the general munici-
    11  pal law.
    12    §  17.  Section  1604  of the education law is amended by adding a new
    13  subdivision 43 to read as follows:
    14    43. To pass a resolution, in the  discretion  of  the  board  of  such
    15  district,  authorizing the entering of an agreement with a county, city,
    16  village or town within such district, for the installation  and  use  of
    17  school bus photo violation monitoring systems pursuant to section eleven
    18  hundred seventy-four-a of the vehicle and traffic law, provided that the
    19  purchase,  lease,  installation, operation and maintenance, or any other
    20  costs associated with such cameras shall not be  considered  an  aidable
    21  expense  pursuant  to  section thirty-six hundred twenty-three-a of this
    22  chapter.
    23    § 18. Section 1709 of the education law is amended  by  adding  a  new
    24  subdivision 43 to read as follows:
    25    43.  To  pass  a  resolution,  in  the discretion of the board of such
    26  district, authorizing the entering of an agreement with a county,  city,
    27  village  or  town  within such district, for the installation and use of
    28  school bus photo violation monitoring systems pursuant to section eleven
    29  hundred seventy-four-a of the vehicle and traffic law, provided that the
    30  purchase, lease, installation, operation and maintenance, or  any  other
    31  costs  associated  with  such cameras shall not be considered an aidable
    32  expense pursuant to section thirty-six hundred  twenty-three-a  of  this
    33  chapter.
    34    §  19.  Section  2503  of the education law is amended by adding a new
    35  subdivision 21 to read as follows:
    36    21. To pass a resolution, in the  discretion  of  the  board  of  such
    37  district,  authorizing the entering of an agreement with the city within
    38  such district,  for  the  installation  and  use  of  school  bus  photo
    39  violation  monitoring  systems pursuant to section eleven hundred seven-
    40  ty-four-a of the vehicle and traffic law, provided  that  the  purchase,
    41  lease, installation, operation and maintenance, or any other costs asso-
    42  ciated  with  such  cameras  shall  not be considered an aidable expense
    43  pursuant to section thirty-six hundred twenty-three-a of this chapter.
    44    § 20. Section 2554 of the education law is amended  by  adding  a  new
    45  subdivision 28 to read as follows:
    46    28.  To  pass  a  resolution,  in  the discretion of the board of such
    47  district, authorizing the entering of an agreement with the city  within
    48  such  district,  for  the  installation  and  use  of  school  bus photo
    49  violation monitoring systems pursuant to section eleven  hundred  seven-
    50  ty-four-a  of  the  vehicle and traffic law, provided that the purchase,
    51  lease, installation, operation and maintenance, or any other costs asso-
    52  ciated with such cameras shall not  be  considered  an  aidable  expense
    53  pursuant to section thirty-six hundred twenty-three-a of this chapter.
    54    §  21.  Section 2590-h of the education law is amended by adding a new
    55  subdivision 39 to read as follows:

        A. 4950--B                         52
 
     1    39. To enter an agreement, in his or her discretion, with the city  of
     2  New  York  for  the  installation  and use of school bus photo violation
     3  monitoring systems pursuant to section eleven hundred seventy-four-a  of
     4  the  vehicle and traffic law, provided that the purchase, lease, instal-
     5  lation,  operation  and  maintenance, or any other costs associated with
     6  such cameras shall not be considered  an  aidable  expense  pursuant  to
     7  section thirty-six hundred twenty-three-a of this chapter.
     8    § 22. Operation of school bus photo violation monitoring systems with-
     9  in  a  school  district in accordance with section 1174-a of the vehicle
    10  and traffic law. 1. The governing body of any county and  the  municipal
    11  officers  and  boards  in the several cities, towns and villages located
    12  within a school district which have adopted  local  laws  or  ordinances
    13  pursuant to section 1174-a of the vehicle and traffic law establishing a
    14  demonstration  program  imposing  monetary  liability  on the owner of a
    15  vehicle for failure of an operator thereof to comply with  section  1174
    16  of  the  vehicle  and  traffic  law when meeting a school bus marked and
    17  equipped as provided in subdivisions 20 and 21-c of section 375  of  the
    18  vehicle  and  traffic  law  and  operated  in such county, city, town or
    19  village, are each hereby authorized to enter into an agreement with  the
    20  applicable  school  district  ("district") for the installation, mainte-
    21  nance and use of school bus photo violation monitoring systems, for  the
    22  proper  handling  and  custody  of  photographs, microphotographs, vide-
    23  otapes, other recorded images and data produced by such systems, and for
    24  the forwarding of such photographs, microphotographs, videotapes,  other
    25  recorded  images  and  data  to  the  applicable  county,  city, town or
    26  village, subject to the provisions of this section and section 1174-a of
    27  the vehicle and traffic law.  Provided, however, that where  a  district
    28  has entered an agreement as provided hereunder with a county, no cities,
    29  towns  or  villages within the same county may enter into, or be a party
    30  to, any agreement with such district pursuant to this section.  Provided
    31  further,  however, that no county shall enter an agreement with any city
    32  school district wholly contained within a city.
    33    2. No agreement with the applicable school district shall take  effect
    34  until  a  county, city, town or village located within such district has
    35  adopted a local law or ordinance as authorized  by  subdivision  (a)  of
    36  section  1174-a  of  the  vehicle and traffic law.   Except as otherwise
    37  provided herein, subsequent counties, cities, towns and villages  within
    38  such  district  may  enter into the agreement with the district provided
    39  that they have adopted a local law or ordinance as authorized by  subdi-
    40  vision (a) of section 1174-a of the vehicle and traffic law.
    41    3.  Nothing  in  this  section  or act shall be construed to prevent a
    42  county, city, town, village or district at any time to withdraw from  or
    43  terminate  an  agreement  for  the  installation, maintenance and use of
    44  school bus photo violation monitoring systems within such county,  city,
    45  town  or village. Provided, however, that a county, city, town, village,
    46  or district shall provide no less than  twenty  days'  notice  to  other
    47  signatories of such agreements before withdrawing.
    48    4. For purposes of this section, the term "county" shall have the same
    49  meaning  as  such  term is defined in section 3 of the county law except
    50  that such term shall not include any county wholly  contained  within  a
    51  city,  and the term "school bus photo violation monitoring system" shall
    52  have the same meaning as such term is  defined  by  subdivision  (c)  of
    53  section 1174-a of the vehicle and traffic law.
    54    § 23. For the purpose of informing and educating owners of motor vehi-
    55  cles in this state, any county not wholly contained within a city, city,
    56  town or village authorized to issue notices of liability pursuant to the

        A. 4950--B                         53
 
     1  provisions  of this act may, during the first thirty-day period in which
     2  school bus photo violation monitoring systems are in operation  pursuant
     3  to the provisions of this act within such county, city, town or village,
     4  issue  a  written warning in lieu of a notice of liability to all owners
     5  of motor vehicles who would be held  liable  for  failure  of  operators
     6  thereof  to comply with section 1174 of the vehicle and traffic law when
     7  meeting a school bus marked and equipped as provided in subdivisions  20
     8  and 21-c of section 375 of such law.
     9    §  24.  A  county, city, town, or village which adopts a demonstration
    10  program pursuant to subdivision (a) of section 1174-a of the vehicle and
    11  traffic law shall annually provide a copy of the annual report that such
    12  county, city, town, or village submits pursuant to  subdivision  (m)  of
    13  such  section,  to each local law enforcement agency having jurisdiction
    14  to enforce violations of the vehicle and traffic law or  any  ordinance,
    15  rule  or  regulation relating to traffic adopted pursuant to such law on
    16  roadways within such county, city, town, or village.
    17    § 25. This act shall take effect on the thirtieth day after  it  shall
    18  have  become a law and shall expire December 1, 2024 when upon such date
    19  the provisions of this act shall be deemed repealed; provided  that  any
    20  such  local  law  as may be enacted pursuant to this act shall remain in
    21  full force and effect only until December 1, 2024 and provided, further,
    22  that:
    23    (a) the amendments to subdivision 1 of section 235 of the vehicle  and
    24  traffic law made by section one of this act shall not affect the expira-
    25  tion  of  such subdivision and shall be deemed to expire therewith, when
    26  upon such date the provisions of section one-a of this  act  shall  take
    27  effect;
    28    (b)  the amendments to section 235 of the vehicle and traffic law made
    29  by section one-a of this act shall not affect  the  expiration  of  such
    30  section and shall be deemed to expire therewith, when upon such date the
    31  provisions of section one-b of this act shall take effect;
    32    (c)  the amendments to section 235 of the vehicle and traffic law made
    33  by section one-b of this act shall not affect  the  expiration  of  such
    34  section and shall be deemed to expire therewith, when upon such date the
    35  provisions of section one-c of this act shall take effect;
    36    (d)  the amendments to section 235 of the vehicle and traffic law made
    37  by section one-c of this act shall not affect  the  expiration  of  such
    38  section and shall be deemed to expire therewith, when upon such date the
    39  provisions of section one-d of this act shall take effect;
    40    (e)  the amendments to section 235 of the vehicle and traffic law made
    41  by section one-d of this act shall not affect  the  expiration  of  such
    42  section and shall be deemed to expire therewith, when upon such date the
    43  provisions of section one-e of this act shall take effect;
    44    (f)  the amendments to section 235 of the vehicle and traffic law made
    45  by section one-e of this act shall not affect  the  expiration  of  such
    46  section and shall be deemed to expire therewith, when upon such date the
    47  provisions of section one-f of this act shall take effect;
    48    (g)  the amendments to section 235 of the vehicle and traffic law made
    49  by section one-f of this act shall not affect  the  expiration  of  such
    50  section and shall be deemed to expire therewith, when upon such date the
    51  provisions of section one-g of this act shall take effect;
    52    (h)  the amendments to subdivision 1 of section 236 of the vehicle and
    53  traffic law made by section two of this act shall not affect the expira-
    54  tion of such subdivision and shall be deemed to expire  therewith,  when
    55  upon  such  date  the provisions of section two-a of this act shall take
    56  effect;

        A. 4950--B                         54

     1    (i) the amendments to subdivision 1 of section 236 of the vehicle  and
     2  traffic law made by section two-a of this act shall not affect the expi-
     3  ration of such subdivision and shall be deemed to expire therewith, when
     4  upon  such  date  the provisions of section two-b of this act shall take
     5  effect;
     6    (j)  the amendments to subdivision 1 of section 236 of the vehicle and
     7  traffic law made by section two-b of this act shall not affect the expi-
     8  ration of such subdivision and shall be deemed to expire therewith, when
     9  upon such date the provisions of section two-c of this  act  shall  take
    10  effect;
    11    (k)  the amendments to subdivision 1 of section 236 of the vehicle and
    12  traffic law made by section two-c of this act shall not affect the expi-
    13  ration of such subdivision and shall be deemed to expire therewith, when
    14  upon such date the provisions of section two-d of this  act  shall  take
    15  effect;
    16    (l)  the amendments to subdivision 1 of section 236 of the vehicle and
    17  traffic law made by section two-d of this act shall not affect the expi-
    18  ration of such subdivision and shall be deemed to expire therewith, when
    19  upon such date the provisions of section two-e of this  act  shall  take
    20  effect;
    21    (m)  the amendments to subdivision 1 of section 236 of the vehicle and
    22  traffic law made by section two-e of this act shall not affect the expi-
    23  ration of such subdivision and shall be deemed to expire therewith, when
    24  upon such date the provisions of section two-f of this  act  shall  take
    25  effect;
    26    (n)  the  amendments to paragraph f of subdivision 1 of section 239 of
    27  the vehicle and traffic law made by section four of this act  shall  not
    28  affect  the  expiration  of such paragraph and shall be deemed to expire
    29  therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section four-a of  this
    30  act shall take effect;
    31    (o)  the  amendments to paragraph f of subdivision 1 of section 239 of
    32  the vehicle and traffic law made by section four-a of this act shall not
    33  affect the expiration of such paragraph and shall be  deemed  to  expire
    34  therewith,  when upon such date the provisions of section four-b of this
    35  act shall take effect;
    36    (p) the amendments to paragraph f of subdivision 1 of section  239  of
    37  the vehicle and traffic law made by section four-b of this act shall not
    38  affect  the  expiration  of such paragraph and shall be deemed to expire
    39  therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section four-c of  this
    40  act shall take effect;
    41    (q)  the  amendments to paragraph f of subdivision 1 of section 239 of
    42  the vehicle and traffic law made by section four-c of this act shall not
    43  affect the expiration of such paragraph and shall be  deemed  to  expire
    44  therewith,  when upon such date the provisions of section four-d of this
    45  act shall take effect;
    46    (r) the amendments to paragraph f of subdivision 1 of section  239  of
    47  the vehicle and traffic law made by section four-d of this act shall not
    48  affect  the  expiration  of such paragraph and shall be deemed to expire
    49  therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section four-e of  this
    50  act shall take effect;
    51    (s)  the  amendments to paragraph f of subdivision 1 of section 239 of
    52  the vehicle and traffic law made by section four-e of this act shall not
    53  affect the expiration of such paragraph and shall be  deemed  to  expire
    54  therewith,  when upon such date the provisions of section four-f of this
    55  act shall take effect;

        A. 4950--B                         55
 
     1    (t) the amendments to subdivisions 1 and 1-a of  section  240  of  the
     2  vehicle  and  traffic  law  made  by  section five of this act shall not
     3  affect the expiration of such subdivisions and shall be deemed to expire
     4  therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section five-a of  this
     5  act shall take effect;
     6    (u)  the  amendments  to  subdivisions 1 and 1-a of section 240 of the
     7  vehicle and traffic law made by section five-a of  this  act  shall  not
     8  affect the expiration of such subdivisions and shall be deemed to expire
     9  therewith,  when upon such date the provisions of section five-b of this
    10  act shall take effect;
    11    (v) the amendments to subdivisions 1 and 1-a of  section  240  of  the
    12  vehicle  and  traffic  law  made by section five-b of this act shall not
    13  affect the expiration of such subdivisions and shall be deemed to expire
    14  therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section five-c of  this
    15  act shall take effect;
    16    (w)  the  amendments  to  subdivisions 1 and 1-a of section 240 of the
    17  vehicle and traffic law made by section five-c of  this  act  shall  not
    18  affect the expiration of such subdivisions and shall be deemed to expire
    19  therewith,  when upon such date the provisions of section five-d of this
    20  act shall take effect;
    21    (x) the amendments to subdivisions 1 and 1-a of  section  240  of  the
    22  vehicle  and  traffic  law  made by section five-d of this act shall not
    23  affect the expiration of such subdivisions and shall be deemed to expire
    24  therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section five-e of  this
    25  act shall take effect;
    26    (y)  the  amendments  to  subdivisions 1 and 1-a of section 240 of the
    27  vehicle and traffic law made by section five-e of  this  act  shall  not
    28  affect the expiration of such subdivisions and shall be deemed to expire
    29  therewith,  when upon such date the provisions of section five-f of this
    30  act shall take effect;
    31    (z) the amendments to paragraphs a and g of subdivision 2  of  section
    32  240 of the vehicle and traffic law made by section six of this act shall
    33  not  affect  the  expiration  of  such paragraphs and shall be deemed to
    34  expire therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section six-a of
    35  this act shall take effect;
    36    (aa) the amendments to paragraphs a and g of subdivision 2 of  section
    37  240  of  the  vehicle  and traffic law made by section six-a of this act
    38  shall not affect the expiration of such paragraphs and shall  be  deemed
    39  to expire therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section six-b
    40  of this act shall take effect;
    41    (bb)  the amendments to paragraphs a and g of subdivision 2 of section
    42  240 of the vehicle and traffic law made by section  six-b  of  this  act
    43  shall  not  affect the expiration of such paragraphs and shall be deemed
    44  to expire therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section six-c
    45  of this act shall take effect;
    46    (cc) the amendments to paragraphs a and g of subdivision 2 of  section
    47  240  of  the  vehicle  and traffic law made by section six-c of this act
    48  shall not affect the expiration of such paragraphs and shall  be  deemed
    49  to expire therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section six-d
    50  of this act shall take effect;
    51    (dd)  the amendments to paragraphs a and g of subdivision 2 of section
    52  240 of the vehicle and traffic law made by section  six-d  of  this  act
    53  shall  not  affect the expiration of such paragraphs and shall be deemed
    54  to expire therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section six-e
    55  of this act shall take effect;

        A. 4950--B                         56
 
     1    (ee) the amendments to paragraphs a and g of subdivision 2 of  section
     2  240  of  the  vehicle  and traffic law made by section six-e of this act
     3  shall not affect the expiration of such paragraphs and shall  be  deemed
     4  to expire therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section six-f
     5  of this act shall take effect;
     6    (ff)  the  amendments  to  subdivisions  1 and 2 of section 241 of the
     7  vehicle and traffic law made by section seven  of  this  act  shall  not
     8  affect the expiration of such subdivisions and shall be deemed to expire
     9  therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section seven-a of this
    10  act shall take effect;
    11    (gg)  the  amendments  to  subdivisions  1 and 2 of section 241 of the
    12  vehicle and traffic law made by section seven-a of this  act  shall  not
    13  affect the expiration of such subdivisions and shall be deemed to expire
    14  therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section seven-b of this
    15  act shall take effect;
    16    (hh)  the  amendments  to  subdivisions  1 and 2 of section 241 of the
    17  vehicle and traffic law made by section seven-b of this  act  shall  not
    18  affect the expiration of such subdivisions and shall be deemed to expire
    19  therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section seven-c of this
    20  act shall take effect;
    21    (ii)  the  amendments  to  subdivisions  1 and 2 of section 241 of the
    22  vehicle and traffic law made by section seven-c of this  act  shall  not
    23  affect the expiration of such subdivisions and shall be deemed to expire
    24  therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section seven-d of this
    25  act shall take effect;
    26    (jj)  the  amendments  to  subdivisions  1 and 2 of section 241 of the
    27  vehicle and traffic law made by section seven-d of this  act  shall  not
    28  affect the expiration of such subdivisions and shall be deemed to expire
    29  therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section seven-e of this
    30  act shall take effect;
    31    (kk)  the  amendments  to  subdivisions  1 and 2 of section 241 of the
    32  vehicle and traffic law made by section seven-e of this  act  shall  not
    33  affect the expiration of such subdivisions and shall be deemed to expire
    34  therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section seven-f of this
    35  act shall take effect;
    36    (ll)  the amendments to subparagraph (i) of paragraph a of subdivision
    37  5-a of section 401 of the vehicle and traffic law made by section  eight
    38  of  this act shall not affect the expiration of such paragraph and shall
    39  be deemed to expire therewith, when upon such  date  the  provisions  of
    40  section eight-a of this act shall take effect;
    41    (mm)  the  amendments to paragraph a of subdivision 5-a of section 401
    42  of the vehicle and traffic law made by section eight-a of this act shall
    43  not affect the expiration of such  paragraph  and  shall  be  deemed  to
    44  expire  therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section eight-b
    45  of this act shall take effect;
    46    (nn) the amendments to paragraph a of subdivision 5-a of  section  401
    47  of the vehicle and traffic law made by section eight-b of this act shall
    48  not  affect  the  expiration  of  such  paragraph and shall be deemed to
    49  expire therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section  eight-c
    50  of this act shall take effect;
    51    (oo)  the  amendments to paragraph a of subdivision 5-a of section 401
    52  of the vehicle and traffic law made by section eight-c of this act shall
    53  not affect the expiration of such  paragraph  and  shall  be  deemed  to
    54  expire  therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section eight-d
    55  of this act shall take effect;

        A. 4950--B                         57
 
     1    (pp) the amendments to paragraph a of subdivision 5-a of  section  401
     2  of the vehicle and traffic law made by section eight-d of this act shall
     3  not  affect  the  expiration  of  such  paragraph and shall be deemed to
     4  expire therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section  eight-e
     5  of this act shall take effect;
     6    (qq)  the  amendments to paragraph a of subdivision 5-a of section 401
     7  of the vehicle and traffic law made by section eight-e of this act shall
     8  not affect the expiration of such  paragraph  and  shall  be  deemed  to
     9  expire  therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section eight-f
    10  of this act shall take effect;
    11    (rr) the amendments to paragraph a of subdivision 5-a of  section  401
    12  of the vehicle and traffic law made by section eight-f of this act shall
    13  not  affect  the  expiration  of  such  paragraph and shall be deemed to
    14  expire therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section  eight-g
    15  of this act shall take effect;
    16    (ss)  the  amendments  to subdivision 1 of section 1809 of the vehicle
    17  and traffic law made by section ten of this act  shall  not  affect  the
    18  expiration  of such subdivision and shall be deemed to expire therewith,
    19  when upon such date the provisions of section ten-a of  this  act  shall
    20  take effect;
    21    (tt)  the  amendments  to subdivision 1 of section 1809 of the vehicle
    22  and traffic law made by section ten-a of this act shall not  affect  the
    23  expiration  of such subdivision and shall be deemed to expire therewith,
    24  when upon such date the provisions of section ten-b of  this  act  shall
    25  take effect;
    26    (uu)  the  amendments  to subdivision 1 of section 1809 of the vehicle
    27  and traffic law made by section ten-b of this act shall not  affect  the
    28  expiration  of such subdivision and shall be deemed to expire therewith,
    29  when upon such date the provisions of section ten-c of  this  act  shall
    30  take effect;
    31    (vv)  the  amendments  to subdivision 1 of section 1809 of the vehicle
    32  and traffic law made by section ten-c of this act shall not  affect  the
    33  expiration  of such subdivision and shall be deemed to expire therewith,
    34  when upon such date the provisions of section ten-d of  this  act  shall
    35  take effect;
    36    (ww)  the  amendments  to subdivision 1 of section 1809 of the vehicle
    37  and traffic law made by section ten-d of this act shall not  affect  the
    38  expiration  of such subdivision and shall be deemed to expire therewith,
    39  when upon such date the provisions of section ten-e of  this  act  shall
    40  take effect;
    41    (xx)  the  amendments  to subdivision 1 of section 1809 of the vehicle
    42  and traffic law made by section ten-e of this act shall not  affect  the
    43  expiration  of such subdivision and shall be deemed to expire therewith,
    44  when upon such date the provisions of section ten-f of  this  act  shall
    45  take effect;
    46    (yy)  the  amendments  to subdivision 1 of section 1809 of the vehicle
    47  and traffic law made by section ten-f of this act shall not  affect  the
    48  expiration  of such subdivision and shall be deemed to expire therewith,
    49  when upon such date the provisions of section ten-g of  this  act  shall
    50  take effect;
    51    (zz)  the amendments to paragraph a of subdivision 1 of section 1809-e
    52  of the vehicle and traffic law made by section eleven of this act  shall
    53  not  affect  the  expiration  of  such  paragraph and shall be deemed to
    54  expire therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section eleven-a
    55  of this act shall take effect;

        A. 4950--B                         58
 
     1    (aaa) the amendments to paragraph a of subdivision 1 of section 1809-e
     2  of the vehicle and traffic law made by  section  eleven-a  of  this  act
     3  shall not affect the expiration of such paragraph and shall be deemed to
     4  expire therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section eleven-b
     5  of this act shall take effect;
     6    (bbb) the amendments to paragraph a of subdivision 1 of section 1809-e
     7  of  the  vehicle  and  traffic  law made by section eleven-b of this act
     8  shall not affect the expiration of such paragraph and shall be deemed to
     9  expire therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section eleven-c
    10  of this act shall take effect;
    11    (ccc) the amendments to paragraph a of subdivision 1 of section 1809-e
    12  of the vehicle and traffic law made by  section  eleven-c  of  this  act
    13  shall not affect the expiration of such paragraph and shall be deemed to
    14  expire therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section eleven-d
    15  of this act shall take effect;
    16    (ddd) the amendments to paragraph a of subdivision 1 of section 1809-e
    17  of  the  vehicle  and  traffic  law made by section eleven-d of this act
    18  shall not affect the expiration of such paragraph and shall be deemed to
    19  expire therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section eleven-e
    20  of this act shall take effect;
    21    (eee) the amendments to paragraph a of subdivision 1 of section 1809-e
    22  of the vehicle and traffic law made by  section  eleven-e  of  this  act
    23  shall not affect the expiration of such paragraph and shall be deemed to
    24  expire therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section eleven-f
    25  of this act shall take effect;
    26    (fff)  the  amendments  made  to  subdivision  1 of section 371 of the
    27  general municipal law made by section thirteen of  this  act  shall  not
    28  affect  the expiration of such subdivision and shall be deemed to expire
    29  therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section  thirteen-a  of
    30  this act shall take effect;
    31    (ggg)  the amendments made to section 371 of the general municipal law
    32  made by section thirteen-a of this act shall not affect  the  expiration
    33  of  such section and shall be deemed to expire therewith, when upon such
    34  date the provisions of section thirteen-b of this act shall take effect;
    35    (hhh) the amendments made to section 371 of the general municipal  law
    36  made  by  section thirteen-b of this act shall not affect the expiration
    37  of such section and shall be deemed to expire therewith, when upon  such
    38  date the provisions of section thirteen-c of this act shall take effect;
    39    (iii)  the amendments made to section 371 of the general municipal law
    40  made by section thirteen-c of this act shall not affect  the  expiration
    41  of  such section and shall be deemed to expire therewith, when upon such
    42  date the provisions of section thirteen-d of this act shall take effect;
    43    (jjj) the amendments made to section 371 of the general municipal  law
    44  made  by section fourteen of this act shall not affect the expiration of
    45  such section and shall be deemed to expire  therewith,  when  upon  such
    46  date the provisions of section fourteen-a of this act shall take effect;
    47  and
    48    (kkk)  the amendments made to section 2590-h of the education law made
    49  by section twenty-one of this act shall not affect  the  expiration  and
    50  reversion of such section and shall expire therewith.
Go to top