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A05207 Summary:

BILL NOA05207
 
SAME ASSAME AS S04561
 
SPONSORWalker
 
COSPNSRWallace
 
MLTSPNSR
 
Amd 300.10, CP L
 
Provides that instructions to the jury shall include certain defenses; provides that such instructions shall include, but not be limited to, "Do not let bias, sympathy, prejudice, or public opinion influence your decision"; defines the term "bias".
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A05207 Text:



 
                STATE OF NEW YORK
        ________________________________________________________________________
 
                                          5207
 
                               2019-2020 Regular Sessions
 
                   IN ASSEMBLY
 
                                    February 7, 2019
                                       ___________
 
        Introduced by M. of A. WALKER -- read once and referred to the Committee
          on Codes
 
        AN  ACT to amend the criminal procedure law, in relation to instructions
          to the jury relating to certain defenses
 
          The People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and  Assem-
        bly, do enact as follows:

     1    Section  1.  The  legislature  hereby  finds  and  declares all of the
     2  following:
     3    (a) New York law defines a hate crime as a specified criminal  offense
     4  intentionally  committed because of the actual or perceived race, color,
     5  national origin, ancestry, gender, religion,  religious  practice,  age,
     6  disability  or sexual orientation of a person, regardless of whether the
     7  belief or perception is correct.
     8    (b) It is the right of every person regardless of actual or  perceived
     9  race,  color,  national  origin,  ancestry,  gender, religion, religious
    10  practice, age, disability, gender identity or sexual orientation  to  be
    11  secure  and  protected from fear, intimidation, and physical harm caused
    12  by the actions of violent groups and individuals.
    13    (c) "Bias" includes bias based upon the victim's actual  or  perceived
    14  race,  color,  national  origin,  ancestry,  gender, religion, religious
    15  practice, age, disability, gender identity or sexual orientation.
    16    (d) It is against public policy as expressed  in  rules  of  court  on
    17  judicial  conduct  for  members  of the judiciary or lawyers in judicial
    18  proceedings to manifest bias  based  upon  characteristics  of  parties,
    19  including  the  actual or perceived age, race, creed, color, sex, sexual
    20  orientation or disability of a crime victim.
    21    (e) "Panic strategies" are those strategies  that  try  to  explain  a
    22  defendant's  actions  or emotional reactions based upon the knowledge or
    23  discovery of the fact that the victim possesses one or more of the char-
    24  acteristics listed above or associates with a person or group  with  one
    25  or more of those characteristics.
 
         EXPLANATION--Matter in italics (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                              [ ] is old law to be omitted.
                                                                   LBD05908-01-9

        A. 5207                             2
 
     1    (f)  The  legislature  is  concerned about the use of societal bias in
     2  criminal proceedings and the susceptibility of juries to such bias.  The
     3  use  of  so-called  "panic  strategies" by defendants in criminal trials
     4  opens the door for bias against victims based on  one  or  more  of  the
     5  characteristics  listed  above  or an association with a person or group
     6  with one or more of those characteristics.
     7    (g) It is against public policy for a defendant to be acquitted  of  a
     8  charged  offense or convicted of a lesser included offense based upon an
     9  appeal to the societal bias that may be possessed by members of a jury.
    10    § 2. Subdivision 3 of section 300.10 of the criminal procedure law, as
    11  amended by chapter 668 of the laws  of  1984,  is  amended  to  read  as
    12  follows:
    13    3. (a) Where a defendant has raised the affirmative defense of lack of
    14  criminal  responsibility  by  reason  of  mental  disease  or defect, as
    15  defined in section 40.15 of the penal law, the court must, without elab-
    16  oration, instruct the jury as follows: "A jury during its  deliberations
    17  must  never  consider  or  speculate  concerning matters relating to the
    18  consequences of its verdict. However, because  of  the  lack  of  common
    19  knowledge  regarding the consequences of a verdict of not responsible by
    20  reason of mental disease or defect, I charge you that if this verdict is
    21  rendered by you there will be hearings as  to  the  defendant's  present
    22  mental   condition   and,   where  appropriate,  involuntary  commitment
    23  proceedings."
    24    (b) In any criminal trial or proceeding, upon the request of a  party,
    25  the  court  shall instruct the jury as follows: "Do not let bias, sympa-
    26  thy, prejudice, or public opinion influence your decision. Bias includes
    27  bias against the victim or victims or witness or witnesses,  based  upon
    28  his  or  her  race,  color, national origin, ancestry, gender, religion,
    29  religious  practice,  age,  disability,  gender   identity   or   gender
    30  expression, or sexual orientation."
    31    §  3.  This  act  shall take effect on the sixtieth day after it shall
    32  have become a law.
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