|SAME AS||No Same As|
|COSPNSR||Blankenbush, Giglio, Kolb, Montesano, Manktelow, Byrnes, DeStefano|
|MLTSPNSR||Crouch, DiPietro, Finch, Goodell, McDonough, Palmesano, Salka, Thiele|
|Add §§5110 & 405-a, amd §§5102, 5103, 5108, 5106, 5303, Ins L; amd §§176.00, 176.05, 176.15, 176.20, 176.25, 176.30 & 176.35, add §§176.36, 176.37 & 176.66, Pen L; amd §846-m, Exec L|
|Enacts the New York automobile insurance fraud and premium reduction act; provides that this act is aimed at reducing insurance fraud and thus lowering the cost of insurance premiums; provides a provision for compensation to a person that reports insurance fraud to the authorities; further provides that this act also increases the penalty for insurance fraud; appropriates $3,100,000 therefor.|
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STATE OF NEW YORK ________________________________________________________________________ 5803 2019-2020 Regular Sessions IN ASSEMBLY February 19, 2019 ___________ Introduced by M. of A. BARCLAY, BLANKENBUSH, GIGLIO, KOLB, MONTESANO, MANKTELOW, BYRNES, DeSTEFANO -- Multi-Sponsored by -- M. of A. CROUCH, DiPIETRO, FINCH, GOODELL, McDONOUGH, PALMESANO, SALKA, THIELE -- read once and referred to the Committee on Insurance AN ACT to amend the insurance law, the penal law and the executive law, in relation to establishing the New York automobile insurance fraud and premium reduction act; and making an appropriation therefor The People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and Assem- bly, do enact as follows: 1 Section 1. This act shall be known and may be cited as the "New York 2 automobile insurance fraud and premium reduction act". 3 § 2. The insurance law is amended by adding a new section 5110 to read 4 as follows: 5 § 5110. Certification of managed care organizations. (a)(1) Any indi- 6 vidual or group authorized to provide medical or other health care 7 services in this state may, directly or through an authorized insurer, 8 make written application to the superintendent to become certified to 9 provide managed care to injured covered persons under this article. 10 (2) Certification shall be valid for such period and for such service 11 areas as the superintendent may prescribe, unless sooner revoked, 12 suspended or amended. 13 (3) Each application for certification shall be accompanied by a 14 reasonable fee prescribed by the superintendent and a proposed managed 15 care program detailing its significant features, methods and procedures. 16 (b) Application for certification shall be made in such form and 17 manner, and shall set forth such information regarding the proposed plan 18 of managed care for providing medical and other health care services, as 19 the superintendent may prescribe, including: 20 (1) the names and credentials of all individuals or organizations that 21 will provide services under the managed care program, together with 22 appropriate evidence of compliance with any licensing or certification EXPLANATION--Matter in italics (underscored) is new; matter in brackets [ ] is old law to be omitted. LBD02472-01-9A. 5803 2 1 requirements for such individuals or organizations to practice in this 2 state; 3 (2) a description of the times, places and manner of providing 4 services under the managed care program; 5 (3) a description of the times, places and manner of providing other 6 related optional services the applicant may wish to provide; and 7 (4) a description and representative copies of all remuneration and 8 related arrangements between the managed care organization and individ- 9 ual providers of services under the managed care program. 10 (c) The superintendent shall certify an applicant, if the superinten- 11 dent finds that the managed care program: 12 (1) provides medical and other health care services that meet quality, 13 continuity and other treatment standards prescribed by the superinten- 14 dent or the commissioner of health, in a manner that is timely, effec- 15 tive and convenient for injured persons; 16 (2) includes a sufficient number of each category of provider through- 17 out the proposed service areas to give injured persons adequate flexi- 18 bility to choose an authorized provider from among those health care 19 providers who participate in the managed care program; 20 (3) provides appropriate financial incentives or other approaches to 21 reduce costs and minimize improper utilization without sacrificing qual- 22 ity of service; 23 (4) provides adequate methods of peer review, utilization review, and 24 dispute resolution, including where applicable, access to the external 25 appeal process as provided in article forty-nine of this chapter, in 26 order to: (A) prevent inappropriate or excessive treatment; (B) avoid 27 conflicts of interest; (C) exclude from participation in the program 28 those providers who violate reasonable treatment standards; and (D) 29 provide for the resolution of medical disputes; 30 (5) provides a timely and accurate method of reporting to the super- 31 intendent or the commissioner of health as appropriate, necessary infor- 32 mation regarding medical and health care service cost and utilization to 33 monitor the effectiveness of the managed care program; 34 (6) provides a mechanism for an injured person to obtain treatment 35 outside of the managed care program if the services are not available or 36 accessible within the program; 37 (7) provides for a reasonable and appropriate coordination with anoth- 38 er health care provider where the injured person has been receiving 39 treatment from another health care provider for a previously existing 40 condition or injury which has been aggravated by the motor vehicle acci- 41 dent; 42 (8) provides for a mechanism for notification about and transition 43 from emergency care; and 44 (9) complies with any other requirement the superintendent determines 45 is necessary to provide quality medical and other health care services 46 to injured persons. 47 (d) The superintendent may certify a health maintenance organization 48 issued a certificate of authority under article forty-four of the public 49 health law or licensed under article forty-three of this chapter, if it 50 meets the requirements of this section. The superintendent may also 51 certify an accident and health insurer, including a corporation organ- 52 ized under article forty-three of this chapter, which has a participat- 53 ing or preferred network of providers if such insurer meets the require- 54 ments of this section. To the extent a managed care organization has 55 been reviewed, approved or certified by another state agency as to 56 accessibility, quality or continuity of care or for any of the otherA. 5803 3 1 matters within the superintendent's review, the superintendent shall 2 consider the review, approval or certification of another state agency 3 so as not to duplicate those reviews, approvals or certifications. 4 However, nothing in this subsection shall be deemed to limit the super- 5 intendent's authority to impose and review additional requirements or 6 standards above and beyond those imposed by another state agency to the 7 extent those requirements or standards are necessary or appropriate for 8 implementation of this section. 9 (e) The superintendent shall refuse to certify, or may revoke, or 10 suspend or amend the certification of, any managed care organization, if 11 the superintendent finds that: 12 (1) the managed care program for providing services fails to meet the 13 requirements of this section; or 14 (2) service under the managed care program is not being provided in 15 accordance with its terms as described in the application for certif- 16 ication. 17 (f) For purposes of this section, the superintendent may consider 18 whether providers utilized by a managed care organization or otherwise 19 authorized to provide services under the contract are authorized to 20 render medical care in accordance with section thirteen-b of the work- 21 ers' compensation law. 22 (g) Utilization review, quality assurance and peer review activities 23 pursuant to this section shall be subject to review by the superinten- 24 dent and the commissioner of health. Findings by the commissioner of 25 health of professional misconduct, or disciplinary actions in relation 26 thereto, shall be reported to the appropriate licensing boards and the 27 superintendent. 28 (h) Data generated by or received in connection with these activities, 29 including written reports, notes or records of any such activities or of 30 the review thereof, shall be confidential and shall not be disclosed, 31 except to the extent determined to be necessary by the superintendent or 32 the commissioner of health. No data generated by utilization review, 33 quality assurance or peer review activities pursuant to this section, or 34 the review thereof, shall be used in any action, suit or proceeding, 35 except to the extent determined to be necessary by the superintendent or 36 the commissioner. 37 (i) A person participating in utilization review, quality assurance, 38 or peer review activities pursuant to this section shall not be examined 39 as to any communication made in the course of such activities or the 40 findings thereof, nor shall any such person be subject to a civil action 41 for actions taken or statements made in good faith. 42 (j) Provided that there is compliance with standards governing managed 43 care established by the superintendent, no person who participates in 44 forming any network, collectively negotiating fees, or otherwise solic- 45 its or enters into contracts in a good faith effort, to provide medical 46 or other health care services on a managed care basis in accordance with 47 the provisions of this section, shall be subject to antitrust liability 48 regarding such participation. 49 (k) The provisions of this section shall not affect the confidentiali- 50 ty or admission in evidence of a claimant's medical treatment records. 51 (l) The superintendent, in consultation with the commissioner of 52 health, shall adopt such rules as may be necessary to carry out the 53 provisions of this section. 54 § 3. Paragraph 1 of subsection (a) of section 5102 of the insurance 55 law, as amended by chapter 298 of the laws of 2006, is amended to read 56 as follows:A. 5803 4 1 (1) All necessary expenses incurred for: (i) medical, hospital 2 (including services rendered in compliance with article forty-one of the 3 public health law, whether or not such services are rendered directly by 4 a hospital), surgical, nursing, dental, ambulance, x-ray, prescription 5 drug and prosthetic services; (ii) psychiatric, physical therapy 6 (provided that treatment is rendered pursuant to a referral) and occupa- 7 tional therapy and rehabilitation; (iii) any non-medical remedial care 8 and treatment rendered in accordance with a religious method of healing 9 recognized by the laws of this state; and (iv) any other professional 10 health services; all without limitation as to time, provided that within 11 one year after the date of the accident causing the injury it is ascer- 12 tainable that further expenses may be incurred as a result of the inju- 13 ry. For the purpose of determining basic economic loss, the expenses 14 incurred under this paragraph shall be in accordance with the limita- 15 tions of section five thousand one hundred eight of this article. 16 Medical treatments, diagnostic tests and services provided by the policy 17 shall be rendered in accordance with commonly accepted protocols and 18 professional standards and practices which are commonly accepted as 19 being beneficial for the treatment of the covered injury. Protocols and 20 professional standards and practices which are deemed to be commonly 21 accepted pursuant to this section shall be those recognized by national 22 standard setting organizations, national or state professional organiza- 23 tions of the same discipline as the treating provider or those desig- 24 nated or approved by the superintendent in consultation with profes- 25 sional licensing boards in the department of health and the department 26 of education. The superintendent, in consultation with the commissioners 27 of health and education, may reject the use of protocols, standards and 28 practices or lists of diagnostic tests set by any organization deemed 29 not to have standing or general recognition by the provider community or 30 applicable licensing boards. Protocols shall be deemed to establish 31 guidelines as to standard appropriate treatment and diagnostic tests for 32 injuries sustained in automobile accidents, but the establishment of 33 standard treatment protocols or protocols for the administration of 34 diagnostic tests shall not be interpreted in such a manner as to 35 preclude variance when warranted by reason of medical necessity. The 36 policy form may provide for pre-certification of certain procedures, 37 treatments, diagnostic tests or other services or for the purchase of 38 durable medical goods or equipment, except that no pre-certification 39 requirement shall apply within ten days of the accident giving rise to 40 the injury. 41 § 4. Subsection (d) of section 5103 of the insurance law is amended to 42 read as follows: 43 (d) Insurance policy forms for insurance to satisfy the requirements 44 of subsection (a) [ hereof] of this section shall be subject to approval 45 pursuant to article twenty-three of this chapter. Minimum benefit stand- 46 ards for such policies and for self-insurers, and rights of subrogation, 47 examination and other such matters, shall be established by regulation 48 pursuant to section three hundred one of this chapter, provided, howev- 49 er, that effective immediately such regulation shall be deemed to 50 include new provisions applicable to injuries which occur on or after 51 the effective date of the chapter of the laws of two thousand nineteen 52 that amended this subsection and established the New York automobile 53 insurance fraud and premium reduction act. Such regulation shall 54 provide that the initial filing of a notice of the existence of a claim 55 or claims for first party benefits by a covered person shall be made 56 within thirty days of sustaining an injury for which such claim orA. 5803 5 1 claims may be made, but which permit the filing of such initial notice 2 of the existence of a claim or claims as soon as reasonably practicable 3 after the expiration of such thirty day period where the nature of the 4 injury results in a reasonably justifiable delay in filing the initial 5 notice during such thirty day period. 6 § 5. Section 5108 of the insurance law is amended by adding a new 7 subsection (d) to read as follows: 8 (d) Proof of the fact and cost of a medical or health service or 9 treatment which is needed for a covered person to receive payment or 10 reimbursement for that portion of a claim or claims attributable to such 11 service or treatment, whether such proof is submitted to a first party 12 or additional first party benefits insurer by the covered person or 13 directly by a medical professional or health services provider on behalf 14 of such covered person, for a service rendered by the medical or health 15 services provider to the covered person shall be submitted within 16 forty-five days from the date the service was rendered to the covered 17 person. At the option of the insurer, in any case where multiple or 18 continuing medical or health treatments or services are required, such 19 time limit may be waived and the claims of one or more such medical or 20 health service providers may be bundled. 21 § 6. Section 5106 of the insurance law, subsection (b) as amended by 22 chapter 452 of the laws of 2005 and subsection (d) as amended by section 23 8 of part AAA of chapter 59 of the laws of 2017, is amended to read as 24 follows: 25 § 5106. Fair claims settlement. (a) Payments of first party benefits 26 and additional first party benefits shall be made as the loss is 27 incurred. Such benefits are overdue if not paid within [ thirty] forty- 28 five days after the claimant supplies proof of the fact and amount of 29 loss sustained. If proof is not supplied as to the entire claim, the 30 amount which is supported by proof is overdue if not paid within [ thir-31 ty] forty-five days after such proof is supplied. All overdue payments 32 shall bear interest at the rate of two percent per month. If a valid 33 claim or portion was overdue, the claimant shall also be entitled to 34 recover his attorney's reasonable fee, for services necessarily 35 performed in connection with securing payment of the overdue claim, 36 subject to limitations promulgated by the superintendent in regulations. 37 The failure to issue a denial of a claim within the forty-five day peri- 38 od provided for in this subsection shall not preclude the insurer from 39 raising a defense to the claim where the insurer has made a report to 40 the insurance frauds bureau pursuant to section four hundred five of 41 this chapter. An insurer will also not be precluded from establishing 42 that the claimant has failed to meet its prima facie burden of proof. 43 (b) Every insurer shall [ provide] notify a claimant [ with the option44 of submitting] that any dispute involving the insurer's liability to pay 45 first party benefits, or additional first party benefits, the amount 46 thereof or any other matter which may arise pursuant to subsection (a) 47 of this section [ to] must be settled by arbitration pursuant to simpli- 48 fied procedures to be promulgated or approved by the superintendent. 49 Such simplified procedures shall include an expedited eligibility hear- 50 ing option, when required, to designate the insurer for first party 51 benefits pursuant to subsection (d) of this section. The expedited 52 eligibility hearing option shall be a forum for eligibility disputes 53 only, and shall not include the submission of any particular bill, 54 payment or claim for any specific benefit for adjudication, nor shall it 55 consider any other defense to payment.A. 5803 6 1 (c) An award by an arbitrator shall be binding except where vacated or 2 modified by a master arbitrator in accordance with simplified procedures 3 to be promulgated or approved by the superintendent. The grounds for 4 vacating or modifying an arbitrator's award by a master arbitrator shall 5 not be limited to those grounds for review set forth in article seven- 6 ty-five of the civil practice law and rules. The award of a master arbi- 7 trator shall be binding except for the grounds for review set forth in 8 article seventy-five of the civil practice law and rules[ , and provided9 further that where the amount of such master arbitrator's award is five10 thousand dollars or greater, exclusive of interest and attorney's fees,11 the insurer or the claimant may institute a court action to adjudicate12 the dispute de novo]. 13 (d) (1) Except as provided in paragraph two of this subsection, where 14 there is reasonable belief more than one insurer would be the source of 15 first party benefits, the insurers may agree among themselves, if there 16 is a valid basis therefor, that one of them will accept and pay the 17 claim initially. If there is no such agreement, then the first insurer 18 to whom notice of claim is given shall be responsible for payment. Any 19 such dispute shall be resolved in accordance with the arbitration proce- 20 dures established pursuant to section five thousand one hundred five of 21 this article and regulations as promulgated by the superintendent, and 22 any insurer paying first-party benefits shall be reimbursed by other 23 insurers for their proportionate share of the costs of the claim and the 24 allocated expenses of processing the claim, in accordance with the 25 provisions entitled "other coverage" contained in regulation and the 26 provisions entitled "other sources of first-party benefits" contained in 27 regulation. If there is no such insurer and the motor vehicle accident 28 occurs in this state, then an applicant who is a qualified person as 29 defined in article fifty-two of this chapter shall institute the claim 30 against the motor vehicle accident indemnification corporation. 31 (2) A group policy issued pursuant to section three thousand four 32 hundred fifty-five of this chapter shall provide first party benefits 33 when a dispute exists as to whether a driver was using or operating a 34 motor vehicle in connection with a transportation network company when 35 loss, damage, injury, or death occurs. A transportation network company 36 shall notify the insurer that issued the owner's policy of liability 37 insurance of the dispute within ten business days of becoming aware that 38 the dispute exists. When there is a dispute, the group insurer liable 39 for the payment of first party benefits under a group policy shall have 40 the right to recover the amount paid from the driver's insurer to the 41 extent that the driver would have been liable to pay damages in an 42 action at law. 43 § 7. Subsection (c) of section 5303 of the insurance law is amended 44 to read as follows: 45 (c) Such plan shall provide for the method of classifying risks, 46 establishing territories and making rates applicable thereto. Such 47 rates[ , except with respect to rates for the minimum limits of insurance48 required by article six or seven of the vehicle and traffic law,] shall 49 be based upon loss and expense experience of the risks insured pursuant 50 to the plan. 51 § 8. The insurance law is amended by adding a new section 405-a to 52 read as follows: 53 § 405-a. Compensation for report of insurance fraud to law enforce- 54 ment authorities. (a) Any person, other than persons described in 55 subsection (a) of section four hundred five of this article, who has 56 reason to believe that a fraudulent insurance act prohibited pursuant toA. 5803 7 1 article one hundred seventy-six of the penal law has been committed or 2 that an insurance transaction may be fraudulent, or has knowledge that a 3 fraudulent insurance transaction is about to take place, or has taken 4 place may report such act or transaction and any additional information 5 relative to the factual circumstances of the transaction and the parties 6 involved to the attorney general, district attorney or insurance frauds 7 bureau. 8 (b) If the insurance frauds bureau recommends to the attorney general 9 or district attorney to commence an action or if the attorney general or 10 district attorney commences an action based on information provided by a 11 person pursuant to subsection (a) of this section, then such person 12 shall be entitled to receive an award of at least fifteen percent, but 13 not more than twenty-five percent of the proceeds of the action or 14 settlement of the claim up to a maximum of twenty-five thousand dollars. 15 The attorney general or district attorney shall recommend to the court 16 when a settlement is entered the amount of such award. The court shall 17 base such award decision on the extent to which the person substantially 18 contributed to the prosecution of the action. 19 § 9. Section 176.00 of the penal law is amended by adding three new 20 subdivisions 6, 7 and 8 to read as follows: 21 6. "Provider" means an attorney, a health care professional, an owner 22 or operator of a health care practice or facility, any person who 23 creates the impression that he or she, or his or her practice can 24 provide legal or health care services, or any person employed or acting 25 on behalf of any such person. 26 7. "Public media" means telephone directories, professional directo- 27 ries, newspapers and other periodicals, radio and television, bill- 28 boards, and mailed or electronically transmitted written communications 29 that do not involve in-person contact with a specific prospective 30 client, patient, or customer. 31 8. "Runner" means a person who, for a pecuniary benefit, procures or 32 attempts to procure a client, patient or customer at the direction of, 33 request of or in cooperation with a provider when such person knows or 34 has reason to know that the purpose of such provider is to seek to 35 falsely or fraudulently: obtain benefits under a contract of insurance; 36 or assert a claim against an insured or an insurance carrier for provid- 37 ing services to the client, patient or customer. Such term shall not 38 include a person who procures or attempts to procure clients, patients 39 or customers for a provider through public media or a person who refers 40 clients, patients or customers as authorized by law. Nothing in this 41 article shall be deemed to prohibit an agent, broker or employee of a 42 health maintenance organization from seeking to sell health maintenance 43 organization coverage or health insurance coverage to an individual or 44 group. 45 § 10. Subdivision 1 of section 176.05 of the penal law, as amended by 46 chapter 211 of the laws of 2011, is amended to read as follows: 47 1. any written statement as part of, or in support of, an application 48 for the issuance of, or the rating of a policy insuring against losses 49 or liabilities arising out of the ownership, operation, or use of a 50 motor vehicle, a commercial insurance policy, or certificate or evidence 51 of self insurance for commercial insurance or commercial self insurance, 52 or a claim for payment or other benefit pursuant to an insurance policy 53 or self insurance program for commercial or personal insurance that he 54 or she knows to: 55 (a) contain materially false information concerning any fact material 56 thereto; orA. 5803 8 1 (b) conceal, for the purpose of misleading, information concerning any 2 fact material thereto; or 3 § 11. The penal law is amended by adding a new section 176.66 to read 4 as follows: 5 § 176.66 Unlawful procurement of clients, patients or customers. 6 A person is guilty of unlawful procurement of clients, patients or 7 customers when, he or she knowingly: 8 1. acts as a runner; or 9 2. uses, solicits, directs, hires or employs another person to act as 10 a runner. 11 Unlawful procurement of clients, patients or customers is a class E 12 felony. 13 § 12. Section 176.15 of the penal law, as amended by chapter 515 of 14 the laws of 1986, is amended to read as follows: 15 § 176.15 Insurance fraud in the fourth degree. 16 A person is guilty of insurance fraud in the fourth degree when he or 17 she commits a fraudulent insurance act and thereby wrongfully takes, 18 obtains or withholds, or attempts to wrongfully take, obtain or withhold 19 property with a value in excess of [ one thousand] five hundred dollars. 20 Insurance fraud in the fourth degree is a class E felony. 21 § 13. Section 176.20 of the penal law, as amended by chapter 515 of 22 the laws of 1986, is amended to read as follows: 23 § 176.20 Insurance fraud in the third degree. 24 A person is guilty of insurance fraud in the third degree when he or 25 she commits a fraudulent insurance act and thereby wrongfully takes, 26 obtains or withholds, or attempts to wrongfully take, obtain or withhold 27 property with a value in excess of [ three] one thousand five hundred 28 dollars. 29 Insurance fraud in the third degree is a class D felony. 30 § 14. Section 176.25 of the penal law, as added by chapter 515 of the 31 laws of 1986, is amended to read as follows: 32 § 176.25 Insurance fraud in the second degree. 33 A person is guilty of insurance fraud in the second degree when he or 34 she commits a fraudulent insurance act and thereby wrongfully takes, 35 obtains or withholds, or attempts to wrongfully take, obtain or withhold 36 property with a value in excess of [ fifty] twenty-five thousand dollars. 37 Insurance fraud in the second degree is a class C felony. 38 § 15. Section 176.30 of the penal law, as added by chapter 515 of the 39 laws of 1986, is amended to read as follows: 40 § 176.30 Insurance fraud in the first degree. 41 A person is guilty of insurance fraud in the first degree when he or 42 she commits a fraudulent insurance act and thereby wrongfully takes, 43 obtains or withholds, or attempts to wrongfully take, obtain or withhold 44 property with a value in excess of [ one million] five hundred thousand 45 dollars. 46 Insurance fraud in the first degree is a class B felony. 47 § 16. Section 176.35 of the penal law, as added by chapter 635 of the 48 laws of 1996, is amended to read as follows: 49 § 176.35 Aggravated insurance fraud in the third degree. 50 A person is guilty of aggravated insurance fraud in the [ fourth] third 51 degree when he or she commits [ a fraudulent insurance act] the offense 52 of insurance fraud in the fifth degree, and has been previously 53 convicted within the preceding five years of any offense, an essential 54 element of which is the commission of a fraudulent insurance act. 55 Aggravated insurance fraud in the [ fourth] third degree is a class D 56 felony.A. 5803 9 1 § 17. The penal law is amended by adding two new sections 176.36 and 2 176.37 to read as follows: 3 § 176.36 Aggravated insurance fraud in the second degree. 4 A person is guilty of aggravated insurance fraud in the second degree 5 when he or she commits the offense of insurance fraud in the fourth 6 degree, and has been previously convicted within the preceding five 7 years of any offense, an essential element of which is the commission of 8 a fraudulent insurance act. 9 Aggravated insurance fraud in the second degree is a class C felony. 10 § 176.37 Aggravated insurance fraud in the first degree. 11 A person is guilty of aggravated insurance fraud in the first degree 12 when he or she commits the offense of insurance fraud in the third 13 degree, and has been previously convicted within the preceding five 14 years of any offense, an essential element of which is the commission of 15 a fraudulent insurance act. 16 Aggravated insurance fraud in the first degree is a class B felony. 17 § 18. Paragraph (a) of subdivision 2 of section 846-m of the executive 18 law, as amended by section 6 of part T of chapter 57 of the laws of 19 2000, is amended to read as follows: 20 (a) The moneys received by the fund shall be expended in a manner that 21 is consistent with the plan of operation, pursuant to appropriation, 22 only to reimburse costs incurred by provider agencies for pilot program 23 activities relating to the detection, prevention or reduction of motor 24 vehicle theft and motor vehicle insurance fraud, provided, however, that 25 beginning January first, two thousand twenty, additional monies received 26 by the fund pursuant to an appropriation made by a chapter of the laws 27 of two thousand nineteen establishing the New York automobile insurance 28 fraud and premium reduction act shall be used exclusively to support 29 efforts undertaken by district attorneys to detect, identify and prose- 30 cute fraud pertaining to article fifty-one of the insurance law. 31 § 19. No later than eighteen months after the effective date of this 32 act, the superintendent of insurance shall study, evaluate and report to 33 the governor and legislature on the impact and effect of this act on 34 private passenger automobile insurance costs, by rating territory, in 35 New York state. The superintendent of insurance shall recommend for each 36 insurer, by rating territory, a one-time premium reduction for the 37 insurance required pursuant to article 51 of the insurance law that 38 reflects the reduced cost of this type of coverage as a result of the 39 provisions enacted pursuant to this act. Notwithstanding the provisions 40 of article 23 of the insurance law, any such recommended reduction shall 41 be binding unless demonstrated by an insurer, based on sound underwrit- 42 ing and actuarial principles reasonably related to actual or anticipated 43 loss experience, that such reduction would result in underwriting losses 44 for policies issued in such rating territory. 45 § 20. The sum of three million one hundred thousand dollars 46 ($3,100,000), or so much thereof as may be necessary, is hereby appro- 47 priated to the department of transportation out of any moneys in the 48 state treasury in the general fund to the credit of the motor vehicle 49 theft and insurance fraud prevention fund, not otherwise appropriated, 50 and made immediately available, for the purpose of carrying out the 51 provisions of paragraph (a) of subdivision 2 of section 846-m of the 52 executive law, as amended pursuant to section eighteen of this act. 53 Such moneys shall be payable on the audit and warrant of the comptroller 54 on vouchers certified or approved by the commissioner of transportation 55 in the manner prescribed by law.A. 5803 10 1 § 21. Severability clause. If any clause, sentence, paragraph, subdi- 2 vision, section or part contained in any part of this act shall be 3 adjudged by any court of competent jurisdiction to be invalid, such 4 judgment shall not affect, impair, or invalidate the remainder thereof, 5 but shall be confined in its operation to the clause, sentence, para- 6 graph, subdivision, section or part of this act contained in any part 7 thereof directly involved in the controversy in which such judgment 8 shall have been rendered. It is hereby declared to be the intent of the 9 legislature that this act would have been enacted even if such invalid 10 provisions had not been included herein. 11 § 22. This act shall take effect on the ninetieth day after it shall 12 have become a law.