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A06150 Summary:

COSPNSRMamdani, Anderson, Fernandez, Simon, Sillitti, Epstein, Gottfried, Solages, Forrest, Jackson, Gonzalez-Rojas, Darling, Rosenthal L, Kelles, Seawright, Thiele, Otis, Fahy, Englebright, Glick
Add §19-0330, En Con L
Directs the department of environmental conservation to promulgate air quality standards for emissions of certain toxic air contaminants.
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A06150 Memo:

submitted in accordance with Assembly Rule III, Sec 1(f)
SPONSOR: Septimo
  TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the environmental conservation law, in relation to emis- sions of toxic air contaminants   PURPOSE OR GENERAL IDEA OF BILL: The purpose of this bill is to establish standards and regulations for emissions of toxic air contaminants.   SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS: Section 1 of this bill would amend the Environmental Conservation Law by adding a new section 19-0330 which provides that: The Department of Environmental Conservation (DEC), by December 31, 2023, shall promulgate ambient air quality standards for the following toxic air contaminants: benzene, formaldehyde, vinyl chloride, polychlo- rinated dibenzodioxins, polychlorinated dibenzofurans, trichloroethylene and mercury. Such standards may be hourly, rolling eight-hour or annual, or any combination thereof, as determined by DEC in consultation with the Department of Health. Additionally, the ambient air quality stand- ards for toxic air contaminants shall be based on the best available scientific data concerning the potential adverse human health effects of each contaminant. On or after January 1, 2024, DEC shall incorporate toxic air contam- inants into each major source permit and establish regulations specify- ing when fenceline monitoring will be required for toxic air contam- inants by major sources. Such regulations shall, at a minimum, take into consideration the existing air quality and the major sources proximity to a location within or adjacent to a disadvantaged community. Section 2 of this bill provides that the bill shall take effect on the ninetieth day after it shall have become a law.   JUSTIFICATION: This legislation is necessary to reduce emissions of toxic air contam- inants in the state, and lessen their impact on disadvantaged communi- ties. In the United States, disadvantaged communities are the socioeco- nomic group most likely to inhale harmful air pollutants. Inhalation of harmful air pollutants increases the risk of heart disease, cerebrovas- cular disease, lower respiratory infection, lung cancer, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease while concurrently reducing life expectan- cy. This inequity is illustrated by the dense concentration of industrial facilities and highways located in the Bronx. Such facilities produce high levels of toxic air pollutants in the borough with the highest poverty rate and highest minority-residency rate. In correspondence with these high rates of toxic air pollutants, marginalized residents of the Bronx are hospitalized for asthma, respiratory illness, and cardiovascu- lar disease at a much higher rate than other sections of the City. This inequitable pollution pattern is replicated in disadvantaged communities across New York State, including: Buffalo, Albany, Rochester and Syra- cuse. This legislation preserves and protects the quality of air in the state by limiting the emissions of toxic air pollutants including benzene, formaldehyde, vinyl chloride, polychlorinated dibenzodioxins, polychlo- rinated dibenzofurans, trichloroethylene and mercury through standards set by DEC.   PRIOR LEGISLATIVE HISTORY: This is a new bill.   BUDGET IMPLICATIONS: None to the State.   EFFECTIVE DATE: This act shall take effect on the ninetieth day after it shall have become a law.
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