Prohibits class A multiple dwellings from requiring the use of a smart access system for means of entry for building entrances, common areas, elevators, garage gates, or apartment entry doors; restricts information that may be gathered on lessees, tenants, owners or guests.
STATE OF NEW YORK
2019-2020 Regular Sessions
March 20, 2019
Introduced by M. of A. L. ROSENTHAL, DINOWITZ, SIMON, EPSTEIN, GLICK,
JAFFEE, GALEF, RIVERA, COLTON, CRESPO, McMAHON, GOTTFRIED, M. G. MILL-
ER, ABINANTI, FRONTUS, WRIGHT, BLAKE -- read once and referred to the
Committee on Housing -- committee discharged, bill amended, ordered
reprinted as amended and recommitted to said committee -- reported and
referred to the Committee on Codes -- committee discharged, bill
amended, ordered reprinted as amended and recommitted to said commit-
AN ACT to amend the multiple dwelling law, in relation to limitations on
smart access systems for entry and restricts information that may be
gathered from such systems
The People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and Assem-bly, do enact as follows:
1 Section 1. The multiple dwelling law is amended by adding a new
2 section 50-b to read as follows:
3 § 50-b. Entrances; keys and electronic or computerized entry system.
4 1. Consistent with the provisions of this title, for every entrance from
5 the street, passageway, court, yard, cellar, or similar entrance to a
6 class A multiple dwelling, a tenant, at their request, shall be provided
7 with a key at no charge that does not rely on an electronic or computer-
8 ized entry system to facilitate entrance to such multiple dwelling.
9 2. Data collection. a. Electronic and/or computerized data. If an
10 electronic and/or computerized entry system is utilized to gain entrance
11 to a class A multiple dwelling, the only information gathered by any
12 electronic and/or computerized entry system shall be limited to the
13 lessee or tenant's name and apartment number, and the preferred method
14 of contact for such lessee or tenant. For electronic and computerized
15 entry systems that rely on the collection of biometric data and which
16 have already been installed at the time this section shall have become
17 law, a biometric identifier may be collected pursuant to this section in
18 order to register a lessee or tenant for an electronic and/or computer-
EXPLANATION--Matter in italics (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
 is old law to be omitted.
A. 6788--B 2
1 ized entry system. No new electronic and/or computerized entry systems
2 that rely on the collection of biometric data shall be installed in
3 class A multiple dwellings for three years after the effective date of
4 this section.
5 (i) The owner of the multiple dwelling may collect only the minimum
6 data required by the technology used in the electronic and/or computer-
7 ized entry system to effectuate such entrance and protect the privacy of
8 such tenants.
9 (ii) A copy of such data may be retained for reference at the point of
10 authentication by the electronic and/or computerized entry system. Such
11 reference data may be retained only for tenants or those authorized by
12 the tenant.
13 (iii) The owner of the multiple dwelling shall destroy the electronic,
14 physical, and/or computerized data collected, except for reference data,
15 within a reasonable time, but not later than thirty days after the date
17 (iv) Reference data for a tenant or those authorized by a tenant shall
18 be destroyed within thirty days of (1) the tenant permanently vacating
19 the dwelling, or (2) a request by the tenant to withdraw authorization
20 for those previously authorized by the tenant.
21 b. Biometric identifier. (i) For the purposes of this section, "biome-
22 tric identifier" means a retina or iris scan, fingerprint, voiceprint,
23 or record of hand, face geometry or other similar feature.
24 (ii) An entity may not capture a biometric identifier of an individual
25 to gain entrance to a class A multiple dwelling unless the person is a
26 tenant or person authorized by the tenant, and informs the individual
27 before capturing the biometric identifier; and receives their express
28 consent to capture the biometric identifier.
29 (iii) Any entity that possesses a biometric identifier of an individ-
30 ual that is captured to gain entrance to a class A multiple dwelling:
31 (1) May not sell, lease or otherwise disclose the biometric identifier
32 to another person unless pursuant to a grand jury subpoena or court
33 ordered warrant, subpoena, or other authorized court ordered process.
34 (2) Shall store, transmit and protect from disclosure the biometric
35 identifier using reasonable care and in a manner that is the same as or
36 more protective than the manner in which the person stores, transmits
37 and protects confidential information the person possesses; and
38 (3) Shall destroy the biometric identifier within a reasonable time,
39 but not later than forty-eight hours after the date collected, except
40 for reference data. If any prohibited information is collected, such as
41 the likeness of a minor or a non-tenant, the information shall be
42 destroyed immediately.
43 c. Policy. The owner of the multiple dwelling, or the managing agent,
44 must develop written procedures which describe the process used to add
45 persons authorized by the tenant to electronic and/or computerized entry
46 systems on a temporary or permanent basis, such as visitors, children,
47 their employees, and caregivers to such building.
48 (i) The procedures must clearly establish the owner's retention sched-
49 ule and guidelines for permanently destroying the data collected.
50 (ii) The procedures cannot limit time or place of entrance by such
51 people authorized by the tenant.
52 3. Prohibitions. a. No form of location tracking, including but not
53 limited to satellite location based services, shall be included in any
54 equipment, key, or software provided to tenants or guests as part of an
55 electronic and/or computerized entry system.
A. 6788--B 3
1 b. It shall be prohibited to collect through an electronic and/or
2 computerized entry system the likeness of a minor occupant, information
3 on the relationship status of tenants, lessees and/or guests, the
4 frequency of the use of the electronic and/or computerized entry system
5 by a lessee, tenant or guest, or the frequency, time and use of guest
6 access codes.
7 c. Information that is acquired via the use of an electronic and/or
8 computerized entry system shall not be used for any purposes other than
9 monitoring building entrances and shall not be used as the basis or
10 support for an action to evict a lessee or tenant, or an administrative
11 hearing seeking a change in regulatory coverage for an individual or
12 unit. However, a tenant may authorize their information to be used by a
13 third party, but such a request must clearly state who will have access
14 to such information, for what purpose it will be used, and the privacy
15 policies which will protect their information. Under no circumstances
16 may a lease or a renewal be contingent upon authorizing such use. Elec-
17 tronic and/or computerized systems may use third-party services to the
18 extent required to maintain and operate system infrastructure, including
19 cloud-based hosting and storage. The provider or providers of third-par-
20 ty infrastructure services must meet or exceed the privacy protections
21 set forth in this section and will be subject to the same liability for
22 breach of any of the requirements of this section.
23 d. Information and data collected shall not be made available to any
24 third party, unless authorized as described above, including but not
25 limited to law enforcement, except upon a grand jury subpoena or a court
26 ordered warrant, subpoena, or other authorized court ordered process.
27 4. Storage of information. Any information or data collected shall be
28 stored in a secure manner to prevent unauthorized access by both employ-
29 ees and contractors and those unaffiliated with the landlord or their
30 agents, except as otherwise provided in this section. Future or continu-
31 ing tenancy shall not be conditioned upon consenting to the use of an
32 electronic and/or computerized entry system.
33 5. Waiver of rights; void. Any agreement by a lessee or tenant of a
34 dwelling waiving or modifying his or her rights as set forth in this
35 section shall be void as contrary to public policy.
36 6. Penalties. A person who violates this section is subject to a civil
37 penalty of not more than five thousand dollars for each violation. The
38 attorney general may bring an action to recover the civil penalty. An
39 individual injured by a violation of this section may bring an action to
40 recover damages. A court may also award attorneys' fees to a prevailing
42 7. Exemption. Nothing herein shall apply to multiple dwellings owned
43 or managed by an entity subject to 42 U.S.C. § 1437 et seq., or any of
44 its subsidiaries.
45 § 2. Severability. If any provision of this act, or any application of
46 any provision of this act, is held to be invalid, that shall not affect
47 the validity or effectiveness of any other provision of this act, or of
48 any other application of any provision of this act, which can be given
49 effect without that provision or application; and to that end, the
50 provisions and applications of this act are severable.
51 § 3. This act shall take effect immediately.