|SAME AS||No Same As|
|Amd §§213, 3012 & 3215, RR3016 & 3211, add §§214-g, 306-d & 7515, CPLR|
|Enacts the "consumer credit fairness act"; establishes a 3 year statute of limitations for commencement of a cause of action arising out of a consumer credit transaction where the defendant is a purchaser, borrower or debtor; establishes a notice of lawsuit which must be mailed to the defendant in such a cause of action; establishes certain requirements for the complaint in such an action; provides for arbitration of such actions; requires debt collectors to send consumers a written notice of their rights under state law along with their initial debt collection correspondence; such notice would contain information such as who and when a principal creditor may contact a debtor about the debt owed as well as the fact that a principal creditor cannot disclose information affecting a consumer debtor's reputation for creditworthiness if the principal creditor knows or has reason to know such information is false; applies to consumer rather than commercial debts.|
|01/04/2017||REFERRED TO JUDICIARY|
|01/03/2018||REFERRED TO JUDICIARY|
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STATE OF NEW YORK ________________________________________________________________________ 578 2017-2018 Regular Sessions IN SENATE (Prefiled) January 4, 2017 ___________ Introduced by Sen. PERALTA -- read twice and ordered printed, and when printed to be committed to the Committee on Judiciary AN ACT to amend the civil practice law and rules, in relation to consum- er credit transactions The People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and Assem- bly, do enact as follows: 1 Section 1. Short title. This act shall be known and may be cited as 2 the "consumer credit fairness act". 3 § 2. Subdivision 2 of section 213 of the civil practice law and rules, 4 as amended by chapter 709 of the laws of 1988, is amended to read as 5 follows: 6 2. an action upon a contractual obligation or liability, express or 7 implied, except as provided in section two hundred thirteen-a or two 8 hundred fourteen-g of this article or article [ 2] two of the uniform 9 commercial code or article [ 36-B] thirty-six-B of the general business 10 law; 11 § 3. The civil practice law and rules is amended by adding a new 12 section 214-g to read as follows: 13 § 214-g. Certain actions arising out of consumer credit transactions 14 to be commenced within three years. An action arising out of a consumer 15 credit transaction where a purchaser, borrower or debtor is a defendant 16 must be commenced within three years, except as provided in section two 17 hundred thirteen-a of this article or article two of the uniform commer- 18 cial code or article thirty-six-B of the general business law. When the 19 period within which an action may be commenced under this section has 20 expired, the right to collect consumer credit debt is extinguished as 21 well as the remedy. 22 For purposes of this section, "the right to collect consumer credit 23 debt" shall mean any attempts by the creditor, third party purchaser, or EXPLANATION--Matter in italics (underscored) is new; matter in brackets [ ] is old law to be omitted. LBD00076-01-7S. 578 2 1 other authorized third party to collect such debt including, but not 2 limited to, calls, mail or other attempts to collect. 3 § 4. The civil practice law and rules is amended by adding a new 4 section 306-d to read as follows: 5 § 306-d. Additional mailing of notice in an action arising out of a 6 consumer credit transaction. 1. At the time of filing with the clerk of 7 the proof of service of the summons and complaint in an action arising 8 out of a consumer credit transaction, the plaintiff shall submit to the 9 clerk a stamped envelope addressed to the defendant together with a 10 written notice in clear type of no less than twelve-point in size, in 11 both English and Spanish, and containing the following language: 12 NOTICE OF LAWSUIT 13 (DATE) 14 (NAME OF COURT) 15 (COUNTY) 16 (STREET ADDRESS, ROOM NUMBER) 17 (CITY, STATE, ZIP CODE) 18 (NAME OF DEFENDANT) 19 (ADDRESS OF DEFENDANT) 20 Plaintiff:__________________________________ 21 Defendant:__________________________________ 22 Name of original creditor, unless same:______________________________ 23 Index number:_______________________________ 24 Attention: a lawsuit has been filed against you claiming that you owe 25 money for an unpaid credit card, medical, student loan or other debt. 26 You should go to the court clerk's office at the above address as soon 27 as possible to respond to the lawsuit. You may wish to contact an attor- 28 ney. If you do not have an attorney, help is available at the court. 29 If you do not respond to the lawsuit, the court may enter a judgment 30 against you. Once entered, a judgment is good and can be used against 31 you for twenty years, and your money, including a portion of your 32 paycheck and/or bank account, may be taken. Also, a judgment will hurt 33 your credit score and can affect your ability to rent a home, find a 34 job, or take out a loan. 35 You CANNOT be arrested or sent to jail for owing a debt. 36 It is important that you go to the court clerk's office listed above and 37 bring this notice with you. Additional information can be found at the 38 court system website at: www.courts.state.ny.us 39 2. The face of the envelope shall be addressed to the defendant at the 40 address at which process was served, and shall contain the defendant's 41 name, address (including apartment number) and zip code. The face of the 42 envelope also shall state the appropriate clerk's office as its return 43 address. 44 3. The clerk promptly shall mail to the defendant the envelope 45 containing the additional notice set forth in subdivision one of this 46 section. No default judgment based on the defendant's failure to answer 47 shall be entered unless there has been compliance with this section, and 48 at least twenty days have elapsed from the date of mailing by the clerk. 49 § 5. Subdivision (a) of section 3012 of the civil practice law and 50 rules is amended to read as follows: 51 (a) Service of pleadings. The complaint may be served with the 52 summons, except that in an action arising out of a consumer credit tran-S. 578 3 1 saction, the complaint shall be served with the summons. A subsequent 2 pleading asserting new or additional claims for relief shall be served 3 upon a party who has not appeared in the manner provided for service of 4 a summons. In any other case, a pleading shall be served in the manner 5 provided for service of papers generally. Service of an answer or reply 6 shall be made within twenty days after service of the pleading to which 7 it responds. 8 § 6. Rule 3016 of the civil practice law and rules is amended by 9 adding a new subdivision (j) to read as follows: 10 (j) Consumer credit transactions. In an action arising out of a 11 consumer credit transaction where a purchaser, borrower or debtor is a 12 defendant, the contract or other written instrument on which the action 13 is based shall be attached to the complaint and the following informa- 14 tion shall be set forth in the complaint: 15 1. The name of the original creditor; 16 2. The last four digits of the original account number; 17 3. The date and amount of the last payment; 18 4. If the complaint contains a cause of action based on an account 19 stated, the date that the final statement of account was mailed to the 20 defendant; 21 5. An itemization of the amount sought, by (i) principal; (ii) finance 22 charge or charges; (iii) fees imposed by the original creditor; (iv) 23 collection costs; (v) attorney's fees; (vi) interest; and (vii) any 24 other fees and charges. The term "finance charge" means a finance charge 25 as defined in Regulation Z, 12 C.F.R. § 226.4; 26 6. Whether the plaintiff is the original creditor. If the plaintiff is 27 not the original creditor, the complaint shall state (i) the date on 28 which the debt was assigned to the plaintiff; and (ii) the name of each 29 previous owner of the account and the date on which the debt was 30 assigned to that owner; and 31 7. Any matters required to be stated with particularity pursuant to 32 rule three thousand fifteen of this article. 33 § 7. Subdivision (e) of rule 3211 of the civil practice law and rules, 34 as amended by chapter 616 of the laws of 2005, is amended to read as 35 follows: 36 (e) Number, time and waiver of objections; motion to plead over. At 37 any time before service of the responsive pleading is required, a party 38 may move on one or more of the grounds set forth in subdivision (a) of 39 this section, and no more than one such motion shall be permitted. Any 40 objection or defense based upon a ground set forth in paragraphs one, 41 three, four, five and six of subdivision (a) of this section is waived 42 unless raised either by such motion or in the responsive pleading. A 43 motion based upon a ground specified in paragraph two, seven or ten of 44 subdivision (a) of this section may be made at any subsequent time or in 45 a later pleading, if one is permitted; in any action other than an 46 action arising out of a consumer credit transaction where a purchaser, 47 borrower or debtor is a defendant, an objection that the summons and 48 complaint, summons with notice, or notice of petition and petition was 49 not properly served is waived if, having raised such an objection in a 50 pleading, the objecting party does not move for judgment on that ground 51 within sixty days after serving the pleading, unless the court extends 52 the time upon the ground of undue hardship. The foregoing sentence shall 53 not apply in any proceeding under subdivision one or two of section 54 seven hundred eleven of the real property actions and proceedings law. 55 The papers in opposition to a motion based on improper service shall 56 contain a copy of the proof of service, whether or not previously filed.S. 578 4 1 An objection based upon a ground specified in paragraph eight or nine of 2 subdivision (a) of this section is waived if a party moves on any of the 3 grounds set forth in subdivision (a) of this section without raising 4 such objection or if, having made no objection under subdivision (a) of 5 this section, he or she does not raise such objection in the responsive 6 pleading. 7 § 8. Subdivision (f) of section 3215 of the civil practice law and 8 rules, as amended by chapter 453 of the laws of 2006, is amended and a 9 new subdivision (j) is added to read as follows: 10 (f) Proof. On any application for judgment by default, the applicant 11 shall file proof of service of the summons and the complaint, or a 12 summons and notice served pursuant to subdivision (b) of rule 305 or 13 subdivision (a) of rule 316 of this chapter, and proof of the facts 14 constituting the claim, the default and the amount due by affidavit made 15 by the party, or where the state of New York is the plaintiff, by affi- 16 davit made by an attorney from the office of the attorney general who 17 has or obtains knowledge of such facts through review of state records 18 or otherwise. Where a verified complaint has been served, it may be used 19 as the affidavit of the facts constituting the claim and the amount due; 20 in such case, an affidavit as to the default shall be made by the party 21 or the party's attorney. In an action arising out of a consumer credit 22 transaction, if the plaintiff is not the original creditor, the appli- 23 cant shall include: (i) an affidavit by the original creditor of the 24 facts constituting the debt, the default in payment, the sale or assign- 25 ment of the debt, and the amount due at the time of sale or assignment; 26 (ii) for each subsequent assignment or sale of the debt to another enti- 27 ty, an affidavit of sale of the debt by the debt seller, completed by 28 the seller or assignor; and (iii) an affidavit of a witness of the 29 plaintiff, which includes a chain of title of the debt, completed by the 30 plaintiff or plaintiff's witness. When jurisdiction is based on an 31 attachment of property, the affidavit must state that an order of 32 attachment granted in the action has been levied on the property of the 33 defendant, describe the property and state its value. Proof of mailing 34 the notice required by subdivision (g) of this section, where applica- 35 ble, shall also be filed. 36 (j) Affidavit. A request for a default judgment entered by the clerk, 37 must be accompanied by an affidavit by the debt collector (who may be 38 the plaintiff or plaintiff's attorney) stating that after reasonable 39 inquiry, he or she has reason to believe that the statute of limitations 40 has not expired. 41 § 9. The civil practice law and rules is amended by adding a new 42 section 7515 to read as follows: 43 § 7515. Confirmation of an award based on a consumer credit trans- 44 action. In any proceeding under section seven thousand five hundred ten 45 of this article to confirm an award based on a consumer credit trans- 46 action, the party seeking to confirm the award shall plead the actual 47 terms and conditions of the agreement to arbitrate. The party shall 48 attach to its petition (1) the agreement to arbitrate; (2) the demand 49 for arbitration or notice of intention to arbitrate, with proof of 50 service; and (3) the arbitration award, with proof of service. If the 51 award does not contain a statement of the claims submitted for arbi- 52 tration, of the claims ruled upon by the arbitrator, and of the calcu- 53 lation of figures used by the arbitrator in arriving at the award, then 54 the petition shall contain such a statement. The court shall not grant 55 confirmation of an award based on a consumer credit transaction unless 56 the party seeking to confirm the award has complied with this section.S. 578 5 1 § 10. This act shall take effect on the first of January next succeed- 2 ing the date on which it shall have become a law, except that section 3 three of this act shall take effect on the one hundred eightieth day 4 after this act shall have become a law.