•  Summary 
  •  Actions 
  •  Committee Votes 
  •  Floor Votes 
  •  Memo 
  •  Text 
  •  LFIN 
  •  Chamber Video/Transcript 

S04981 Summary:

Amd 440.10, CP L
Relates to proceedings to vacate convictions for offenses resulting from sex trafficking, labor trafficking and compelling prostitution and provides for confidentiality of records of such proceedings.
Go to top    

S04981 Actions:

05/06/20191ST REPORT CAL.589
05/07/20192ND REPORT CAL.
Go to top

S04981 Memo:

Memo not available
Go to top

S04981 Text:

                STATE OF NEW YORK
            S. 4981                                                  A. 6983
                               2019-2020 Regular Sessions
                SENATE - ASSEMBLY
                                      April 3, 2019
        IN SENATE -- Introduced by Sen. RAMOS -- read twice and ordered printed,
          and when printed to be committed to the Committee on Codes
        IN  ASSEMBLY  --  Introduced  by M. of A. GOTTFRIED, PAULIN, NIOU, FAHY,
          HEVESI, SAYEGH, L. ROSENTHAL, SIMOTAS -- Multi-Sponsored by --  M.  of
          A. DenDEKKER -- read once and referred to the Committee on Codes
        AN  ACT  to  amend  the  criminal procedure law, in relation to vacating
          convictions for offenses resulting from sex trafficking,  labor  traf-
          ficking and compelling prostitution
          The  People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and Assem-
        bly, do enact as follows:
     1    Section 1. Legislative intent. The purpose of this legislation  is  to
     2  strengthen  protection  for  the victims of sex trafficking, labor traf-
     3  ficking, compelling prostitution and trafficking  in  persons,  who  are
     4  convicted  of  a  range  of  offenses as a result of that trafficking or
     5  compelling. New York's landmark law offering the vacating of convictions
     6  for prostitution-related offenses that were a result of this trafficking
     7  has been the model for laws in more than half of  the  states.  However,
     8  several  states wisely offer this relief to victims who may be compelled
     9  to participate in other offenses as well. This legislation would  follow
    10  that example.
    11    §  2. Paragraph (i) of subdivision 1 of section 440.10 of the criminal
    12  procedure law, as amended by chapter 368 of the laws of 2015, the  open-
    13  ing  paragraph as amended by chapter 189 of the laws of 2018, is amended
    14  to read as follows:
    15    (i) The judgment is a conviction where [the arresting charge was under
    16  section 240.37 (loitering for the purpose of engaging in a  prostitution
    17  offense, provided that the defendant was not alleged to be loitering for
    18  the  purpose of patronizing a person for prostitution or promoting pros-
    19  titution) or 230.00 (prostitution) or 230.03 (prostitution in  a  school
    20  zone)  of  the  penal  law,  and]  the  defendant's participation in the
         EXPLANATION--Matter in italics (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                              [ ] is old law to be omitted.

        S. 4981                             2                            A. 6983
     1  offense was a result of having been a victim of  sex  trafficking  under
     2  section  230.34  of  the  penal  law,  sex  trafficking of a child under
     3  section 230.34-a of the  penal  law,  labor  trafficking  under  section
     4  135.35  of  the  penal  law,  aggravated labor trafficking under section
     5  135.37 of the penal law, compelling prostitution under section 230.33 of
     6  the penal law, or trafficking in persons under the  Trafficking  Victims
     7  Protection Act (United States Code, title 22, chapter 78); provided that
     8    (i)  a  motion  under this paragraph shall be made with due diligence,
     9  [after the defendant has ceased to be a victim of  such  trafficking  or
    10  compelling prostitution crime or has sought services for victims of such
    11  trafficking  or  compelling  prostitution  crime,] subject to reasonable
    12  concerns for the  safety  or  circumstances  of  the  defendant,  family
    13  members  of  the  defendant,  or  other  victims  of such trafficking or
    14  compelling prostitution crime that may be jeopardized by the bringing of
    15  such motion, or for other reasons consistent with the  purpose  of  this
    16  paragraph; [and]
    17    (ii)  official  documentation of the defendant's status as a victim of
    18  sex  trafficking,  labor  trafficking,  aggravated  labor   trafficking,
    19  compelling  prostitution,  or  trafficking in persons at the time of the
    20  offense from a federal, state or local government agency shall create  a
    21  presumption  that  the  defendant's  participation  in the offense was a
    22  result of having been a victim of sex  trafficking,  labor  trafficking,
    23  aggravated  labor trafficking, compelling prostitution or trafficking in
    24  persons, but shall not be required for  granting  a  motion  under  this
    25  paragraph;
    26    (iii)  a  motion  under  this  paragraph, and all pertinent papers and
    27  documents, shall be confidential and may not be made  available  to  any
    28  person  or public or private agency except where specifically authorized
    29  by the court; and
    30    (iv) when a motion is filed under this paragraph, the court may,  upon
    31  the  consent  of  the  petitioner and all of the involved state or local
    32  prosecutorial agencies, consolidate into  one  proceeding  a  motion  to
    33  vacate judgments imposed by distinct or multiple criminal courts.
    34    § 3. Subdivision 6 of section 440.10 of the criminal procedure law, as
    35  added by chapter 332 of the laws of 2010, is amended to read as follows:
    36    6. If the court grants a motion under paragraph (i) of subdivision one
    37  of  this  section, it must vacate the judgment on the merits because the
    38  defendant's participation in the offense was a result of having  been  a
    39  victim  of  trafficking,  and dismiss the accusatory instrument, and may
    40  take such additional action as is appropriate in the circumstances.
    41    § 4. This act shall take effect immediately;  provided  that  subpara-
    42  graph  (iii)  of paragraph (i) of subdivision 1 of section 440.10 of the
    43  criminal procedure law, as added by section two of this act, shall  take
    44  effect on the sixtieth day after it shall have become a law.
Go to top