S08114 Summary:

Amd §722-e, County L; amd §832, Exec L; amd §98-b, St Fin L
Requires state reimbursement to counties and cities in which a county is located of the full amount of expenditures for indigent legal services.
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S08114 Actions:

06/16/2016referred to ways and means
06/17/2016substituted for a10706
06/17/2016ordered to third reading rules cal.535
06/17/2016passed assembly
06/17/2016returned to senate
12/31/2016VETOED MEMO.306
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S08114 Committee Votes:

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S08114 Floor Votes:

DATE:06/17/2016Assembly Vote  YEA/NAY: 125/0
ColtonYGlickYLentolYOrtizERSeawrightYMr. SpeakerY

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S08114 Memo:

Memo not available
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S08114 Text:

                STATE OF NEW YORK
                    IN SENATE
                                      June 13, 2016
        Introduced  by  Sen.  DeFRANCISCO -- read twice and ordered printed, and
          when printed to be committed to the Committee on Rules
        AN ACT to amend the county law, the executive law and the state  finance
          law, in relation to indigent defense services
          The  People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and Assem-
        bly, do enact as follows:

     1    Section 1. Legislative findings and declaration. It is  a  fundamental
     2  right  of  all persons in the United States to be represented by counsel
     3  in all criminal prosecutions. In the case of Gideon v.  Wainwright,  372
     4  U.S.  335,  the  United States Supreme Court ruled that indigent persons
     5  accused in state felony cases who were unable to afford  counsel  had  a
     6  constitutional right to be defended by an appointed attorney paid by the
     7  state.  Subsequently, the Supreme Court determined that indigent persons
     8  accused of any criminal charge that could result in imprisonment, wheth-
     9  er a felony or misdemeanor, are entitled to counsel at  the  expense  of
    10  the state.
    11    New  York state has chosen to fulfill its obligation to provide repre-
    12  sentation to indigent persons accused of a crime by requiring each coun-
    13  ty outside New York city and New York city to implement and fund a  plan
    14  to  provide such representation. In 2006 the Commission on the Future of
    15  Indigent Legal Services concluded that a system of county  operated  and
    16  funded  indigent  defense  services failed to satisfy the constitutional
    17  obligation to protect the rights of indigent persons accused of a crime.
    18  Such Commission recommended that funding  for  indigent  legal  services
    19  come from the State's general fund rather than from the counties.
    20    New  York state has entered into an agreement to settle a class action
    21  lawsuit that alleged deprivation of the right to counsel in  five  coun-
    22  ties.  The  agreement  acknowledges  that  the  Office of Indigent Legal
    23  Services and the Indigent Legal Services Board are authorized "to  moni-
    24  tor  and  study indigent legal services in the state, to recommend meas-
    25  ures to improve those services, to award grant  monies  to  counties  to
    26  support  their  indigent  representation  capability,  and  to establish
    27  criteria for the distribution  of  such  funds."  While  the  settlement
         EXPLANATION--Matter in italics (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                              [ ] is old law to be omitted.

        S. 8114                             2
     1  agreement pertains to only five counties, its criteria establish a stan-
     2  dard for providing indigent legal services that should apply statewide.
     3    The  legislature  finds  and declares that in all criminal proceedings
     4  against people unable to afford counsel, New  York  state  is  constitu-
     5  tionally  required  to  provide public defense services. The legislature
     6  further finds that the state is obligated to  undertake  initiatives  to
     7  improve  the  quality  of  indigent  defense,  ensure  representation at
     8  arraignment, implement caseload  standards  for  providers  of  indigent
     9  legal services, and implement statewide standards for determining eligi-
    10  bility  for  mandated  representation. Mandating counties to finance the
    11  state's obligation to provide indigent legal services imposes a  signif-
    12  icant  uncontrollable  financial  burden  on  counties dependent on real
    13  property taxes to fund needed services, and subject to a  state  imposed
    14  tax cap.
    15    The  legislature  finds  and  declares  that  in  order to fulfill its
    16  constitutional obligation to provide indigent legal services, the  state
    17  shall  pay  counties the full amount necessary to ensure the delivery of
    18  quality legal services for indigent criminal defendants in a  consistent
    19  manner throughout the State.
    20    §  2.  Section 722-e of the county law, as added by chapter 878 of the
    21  laws of 1965, is amended to read as follows:
    22    § 722-e. Expenses. All expenses for  providing  counsel  and  services
    23  other  than counsel hereunder shall be a county charge or in the case of
    24  a county wholly located within a city a city charge to be paid out of an
    25  appropriation for such purposes and shall be reimbursed by the state  to
    26  the  county  or city providing such services, provided, however, that in
    27  the state fiscal year beginning:
    28    (a) April first, two  thousand  seventeen,  the  state  shall  provide
    29  reimbursement  for  not  less than twenty-five percent of such expenses;
    30  and
    31    (b) April first,  two  thousand  eighteen,  the  state  shall  provide
    32  reimbursement  for  not  less than thirty-five percent of such expenses;
    33  and
    34    (c) April first,  two  thousand  nineteen,  the  state  shall  provide
    35  reimbursement for not less than forty-five percent of such expenses; and
    36    (d)  April  first,  two  thousand  twenty,  the  state  shall  provide
    37  reimbursement for not less than fifty-five percent of such expenses; and
    38    (e) April first, two thousand  twenty-one,  the  state  shall  provide
    39  reimbursement for not less than sixty-five percent of such expenses; and
    40    (f)  April  first,  two  thousand  twenty-two, the state shall provide
    41  reimbursement for not less than seventy-five percent of  such  expenses;
    42  and
    43    (g)  every  year thereafter, the state shall provide reimbursement for
    44  the full amount of such expenses.
    45    § 3. Subdivision 3 of section 832 of the executive law is  amended  by
    46  adding a new paragraph (n) to read as follows:
    47    (n)  to  adopt,  promulgate, amend or rescind rules and regulations to
    48  carry out the provisions of this section, including to  (i)  ensure  the
    49  presence  of  counsel  at the first appearance of any eligible defendant
    50  charged with a crime, (ii) establish caseload/workload  regulations  for
    51  attorneys providing mandated representation, and (iii) improve the qual-
    52  ity of mandated representation.
    53    §  4.  Subdivision  3  of  section  98-b  of the state finance law, as
    54  amended by section 2 of part E of chapter 56 of the  laws  of  2010,  is
    55  amended to read as follows:

        S. 8114                             3
     1    3.  Amounts  distributed  from  such  fund shall be limited to amounts
     2  appropriated therefor and shall be distributed as follows:
     3    (a)  The  office  of  court administration may expend a portion of the
     4  funds available in such fund to provide assigned counsel paid in accord-
     5  ance with section thirty-five of the judiciary law, up to an annual  sum
     6  of twenty-five million dollars.
     7    (b)  [An]  In addition to the amounts paid to each county and the city
     8  of New York pursuant to section seven hundred twenty-two-e of the county
     9  law and in accordance with sections eight hundred thirty-two  and  eight
    10  hundred  thirty-three  of  the  executive law an annual amount [of forty
    11  million dollars shall be made available to the city  of  New  York  from
    12  such  fund  for the provision of services pursuant to article eighteen-B
    13  of the county law; provided that the city of New York shall continue  to
    14  provide  at  minimum  the aggregate amount of funding for public defense
    15  services including, but not  limited  to,  the  amount  of  funding  for
    16  contractors of public defense services and individual defense attorneys,
    17  that  it  provided,  pursuant  to  article  eighteen-B of the county law
    18  during its two thousand nine--two thousand ten  fiscal  year]  shall  be
    19  paid  to  such counties and city equal to the amount paid from such fund
    20  to such counties and city in March two thousand ten.
    21    (c) [Within the first fifteen days of March two thousand eleven,  each
    22  county other than a county wholly contained within the city of New York,
    23  shall  receive ninety percent of the amount paid to such county in March
    24  two thousand ten. Within the first fifteen days of  March  two  thousand
    25  twelve, each county other than a county wholly contained within the city
    26  of  New  York  shall  receive seventy-five percent of the amount paid to
    27  such county in March two thousand ten. Within the first fifteen days  of
    28  March  two  thousand  thirteen,  each  county other than a county wholly
    29  contained within the city of New York shall receive fifty percent of the
    30  amount paid to such county in March two thousand ten. Within  the  first
    31  fifteen  days  of  March two thousand fourteen, each county other than a
    32  county wholly contained within the city of New York shall receive  twen-
    33  ty-five  percent of the amount paid to such county in March two thousand
    34  ten. For all state fiscal years following the two thousand thirteen--two
    35  thousand fourteen  fiscal  year,  there  shall  be  no  required  annual
    36  payments  pursuant  to this paragraph. Notwithstanding the provisions of
    37  this paragraph, for each of the four required payments made to  counties
    38  within the first fifteen days of March two thousand eleven, two thousand
    39  twelve,  two  thousand  thirteen and two thousand fourteen, Hamilton and
    40  Orleans counties shall receive such percentage  payments  based  on  the
    41  amounts  that  each county would have received in March two thousand ten
    42  had it satisfied the maintenance of  effort  requirement  set  forth  in
    43  paragraph  (c)  of  subdivision  four  of this section in effect on such
    44  date.
    45    (d)] Remaining amounts within such fund, after accounting  for  annual
    46  payments  required in paragraphs (a)[,] and (b) [and (c)] of this subdi-
    47  vision and subparagraph (iii) of paragraph (a)  of  subdivision  two  of
    48  this  section  shall  be  distributed  in accordance with sections eight
    49  hundred thirty-two and eight hundred thirty-three of the executive law.
    50    § 5. This act shall take effect April 1, 2017.
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