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A05499 Summary:

BILL NOA05499
 
SAME ASSAME AS S00470
 
SPONSORGlick
 
COSPNSRSimon, Gottfried, Griffin, Rosenthal L, Epstein, Otis, Rozic, Lupardo, Clark, Barron, Magnarelli, Jacobson, Dinowitz, Gonzalez-Rojas, Carroll, Bichotte Hermelyn, Mitaynes, Quart, Aubry, Cruz, Seawright, Lavine, Mamdani, Kelles, Forrest, Jackson
 
MLTSPNSR
 
 
Authorizes the commissioner of health to conduct a study and issue a report examining the unmet health and resource needs facing pregnant women in New York and the impact of limited service pregnancy centers on the ability of women to obtain accurate, non-coercive health care information and timely access to a comprehensive range of reproductive and sexual health care services.
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A05499 Memo:

NEW YORK STATE ASSEMBLY
MEMORANDUM IN SUPPORT OF LEGISLATION
submitted in accordance with Assembly Rule III, Sec 1(f)
 
BILL NUMBER: A5499
 
SPONSOR: Glick
  TITLE OF BILL: An act authorizing the commissioner of health to conduct a study and issue a report examining the unmet health and resource needs facing pregnant women in New York and the impact of limited service pregnancy centers on the ability of women to obtain accurate, non-coercive health care information and timely access to a comprehensive range of reproduc- tive and sexual health care services   PURPOSE OR GENERAL IDEA OF BILL: Authorizes the Commissioner of Health to conduct a study and issue a report examining the unmet health and resource needs facing pregnant women in New York and the impact of limited services pregnancy centers on the ability of women to obtain accurate, non-coercive health care information and timely access to a comprehensive range of reproductive and sexual health care services in alignment with their health care needs and that supports personal decision-making.   SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS: Section 1: Defines "limited services pregnancy center." Section 2: Authorization of study and study scope. Section 3: Study timeline and taskforce structure. The study will commence no later than six months following the effective date of this act. Section 4: Effective Date.   JUSTIFICATION: Decisions about pregnancy are time sensitive - whether a woman chooses to continue her pregnancy and needs prenatal care or wants to end her pregnancy and needs an abortion. If a woman becomes pregnant and chooses to continue the pregnancy, having a healthy pregnancy is critical both to her health and to ensuring positive pregnancy outcomes. The federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention urges that comprehensive prenatal care begins as soon as a woman decides to become pregnant. Like prenatal care, delayed access to abortion and emergency contraception poses a threat to public health. Abortion is one of the safest health care procedures, but delays in accessing abortion increase the risk of complications, as well as financial burdens, and may elimi- nate a women's ability to obtain care altogether, severely limiting her reproductive health options. New York State has prioritized improving access to adequate and early prenatal care, timely abortion care, and emergency contraception, as well as, and in connection to, reducing maternal mortality and morbidity rates and disparities. To that end, identifying gaps in health care and unmet resource and pregnancy-support needs, in particular for low-income communities, is critical to achieving optimal health outcomes for women who are or may be pregnant. In New York there exist unlicensed entities that offer limited pregnancy-related services, such as pregnancy tests or ultrasonography, run by organizations that have the core goal of persuading pregnant women and teens to choose to continue the pregnancy. Research by the Government Accountability Office and by advocacy organ- izations in many states, including New York, have documented that some such entities engage in misleading or deceptive practices. Some of these practices include providing inaccurate medical information, promising monetary support, or imitating reproductive health clinics so as to lead women to believe they are either receiving comprehensive counseling on their options or are in fact in a licensed facility that provides or refers for comprehensive reproductive health care services. In past studies, some of these entities provide inaccurate, misleading, or stig- matizing information about abortion and contraception, or even about a woman's own health status or pregnancy. The State of New York respects the right of individuals to express and promote their opinions and beliefs, including those on pregnancy and abortion. In addition, the legislature also finds that the State has a strong interest in ensuring that individuals seeking medical care and pregnancy-related services are able to find these services seamlessly without interference or coercion. Meeting the health and resource needs of pregnant women, as well as the potential negative impact of certain practices by unlicensed facilities that offer limited pregnancy services, are matters of state concern and understanding those practices, how to address any resulting harms, and how to support pregnant women's unfulfilled health care and resource needs are important exercises of the legislature's constitutional mandate to protect the public health.   PRIOR LEGISLATIVE HISTORY: 2020 - Passed Assembly 2019 - Ordered to Third Reading   FISCAL IMPLICATIONS: To be determined.   EFFECTIVE DATE: This act shall take effect immediately.
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